Unpublished Academic Literature

from the Department of Theology of the Faculty of Theology

of the

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Table of Contents

  • Kazaki, Amalia: “The History of Thessaloniki through the periodical "Gregory Palamas" (1917-1941)”, MA 1998
  • Ketikidis, Yeoryos, “Conversion to Islam in Macedonia” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.
  • Kyriakidis, Pavlos I., “Churches of the Nineteenth Century in Naoussa (History, Architecture, Art, Treasures, Structural Stability)” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.
  • Lois, Georgios Nektarios: “The Macedonian Question with a Special Focus on Political and Ecclesiastic Issues in Yugoslavia from 1918 to the Present”, MA 1998
  • Makris, Archimandrite Gerasimos: “Monasticism according to Saint Symeon of Thessaloniki”, PhD
  • Makrogiannopoulos, G.: “The Wall Paintings of Agios Athanasios of Mouzaki in Kastoria ( 1383/84 ) and Their Place in the Painting of the Period.”, MA 2001
  • Mandzanaris, Konstandinos, “A Historical Description of the Landscape of Mount Athos in the Texts of Ecclesiastical Writers, Travellers, Poets, and Littérateurs” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1996.
  • Nixarlidou, Eleni: “The "Secret School" [kryfo scholeio] and Intellectual Life during the Period of the Ottoman Rule in Western Macedonia”, MA 1998
  • Paissios, Monk of Koutloumoussiou Monastery, “The Dependencies of Koutloumoussiou Monastery in Serres Prefecture” Mount Athos 1995.
  • Paka, Pinelopi M., “Education in Thessaloniki in the Period of Ottoman Rule” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1995.
  • Pantzaridis, Savvas: “The Wall Paintings of the Chapel of the Dormition of the Virgin (Molyvokklisia) in Karyes, Mount Athos”, MA 2004
  • Papadakis, Konstandinos M., “The Holy Stauropegiac Monastery of the Holy Trinity (St Dionyssios of Olympus): A Historical Approach” MA thesis, Rethymno 1998.
  • Papayeoryiou, Konstandinos, “The Conversion of the Valaades to Islam in Western Macedonia” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1995.
  • Papazis, Dimitrios A., “Metropolitan Athanassios Megaklis (1848–1909)” Ph.D. thesis, Thessaloniki 1997.
  • Pappa, Aglaia: “Georgian Religious Painting and Greek Icon Painters from Georgia in Thessaloniki”, MA 2003
  • Poulis, Yeoryios A., “The Views of St Symeon, Metropolitan of Thessaloniki, Regarding Ecclesiastical Offences: A Historical Approach” Ph.D. thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.
  • Radunovitch, Veliko, “The Works of St Gregory Palamas in Fourteenth-century Serbian Literature” Ph.D. thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.
  • Rediadis-Toumbas, Ilias K., “Ioannis Sakellaridis (1853–1938) and Greek Liturgical Music” Athens 1994, MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1994.
  • Sajlovitch, Mirko S., “The Construction of Hilandari Monasteri on Mount Athos and Its Contribution to the History of the Serbs in the Thirteenth Century” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.
  • Sakorafa, Anastassia, “Life and Death in the Literary Work of N.-G. Pentzikis” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1994.
  • Skenderis, Dimitrios, “The Part Played by the Clergy in the National Resistance, 1941–1944” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1995.
  • Stratis, Dimitrios, “The Island of Thasos and Mount Athos: The Influence of Athonite Monastic Spirituality on the Life of the Islanders” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1994.
  • Synolas, Pavlos (Panayotis), Archimandrite, “Ioannis Kottounios: A Seventeenth-century Philosopher and Theologian from Veria” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.
  • Tagarakis, Ioannis A., “Charitable Activity in the Greek Orthodox Community of Thessaloniki (1840–1928)” Thessaloniki n.d.
  • Tsalampouni, Ekaterini: “Macedonia during the Period of the New Testament”, PhD 1999
  • Tsekounaris, Mihaïl A., “Ecclesiastical History of the Florina Area, 19th–20th cent.” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1994.
  • Tsianaklidis, Dimitrios, “Zihni During the Macedonian Struggle” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1994
  • Tsigaras, Yeoryios, “The Painters Konstandinos and Athanassios: Their Work on Mount Athos (1752–1783)” Ph.D. thesis, Thessaloniki 1997.
  • Vacharologlou, Efstratios: “The Schools of Primary Education in the Kaza of Thessaloniki and in the Kaza of Lagada (1850-1912)”, PhD 2002
  • Vaharoglou, Efstratios T., “Educational Establishments and Schools of Thessaloniki (1850–1912): The Organisation and Running of Primary Education” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1997.
  • Vantsos, Miltiadis, “The Social Views of St Gregory Palamas” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1997
  • Vliagoftis, Konstandinos, “Pages from Modern Athonite History (From the Modern Archive of Xiropotamou Monastery)” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.
  • Vretta-Paskhalidou, Maria, “Eikossifinissa Codex 192: A Palaeographical and Critical Examination” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.
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    Karathanasis, Athanasios _.: The Holy Metropolis of Nevrokopi during the Macedonian Struggle, PhD 1987

    250 pages
    Appendix with documents and photographs

    The present dissertation focuses on Nevrokopi, the Holy Metropolis _f Nevrokopi in particular, during the period 1880-1912. Due to its geographical position near the borders, the region was called upon to play an important national role immediately after the Congress of Berlin (1878) and until the end of the Macedonian Struggle (1908). The author, through the unpublished sources of the Metropolis codices, attempts a very vivid presentation of the struggles of the Greek people in the region and the Metropolitan Bishop against Bulgarization, the Romanian propaganda, and the means of the Turkish administration, all of which had a strong presence in this border corner of Greece. These issues are discussed within the historic context of the period, and are examined in the light of the strong rivalry among the Balkan peoples in the region concerning the borders of their young states, and the character of the ethnological composition of Macedonia at the time.

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    Agathonikiadou, Petroula: Andronikos Kallistos: A 15th-century Scholar from Thessaloniki, MA 2001

    184 pages
    Appendix: 21 pages of photographic material

    The present dissertation starts with a historic overview of the relations between East and West, focusing mainly on the achievements of the Palaeologian Renaissance, and the influence of Byzantium in western culture. Moreover, it discusses the social problems, religious conflicts, class struggles, economic collapse, and external attacks taking place in Byzantium during the 14th and 15th centuries. These issues have a negative impact on the renaissance spirit of the period and finally lead to its end. The third chapter focuses on Georgios Gemistos Plethon, and Bessarion, the archbishop of Nicaea. The next two chapters refer to Thessaloniki and the intellectual flourish of the city in the 14th century, followed by a brief presentation of the events that led to the fall of the Byzantine Empire. The eighth chapter discusses the effort to prove the major influence of the philosophical directions of Platonism and Aristotelianism in the scholars of Byzantium. The final two chapters of the dissertation focus on the main topic of the present work, and they discuss in detail the life and work of Andronikos Kallistos, a 15th-century refugee from Thessaloniki, who played an important role in the intellectual life of Italy.

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    Goutziou, Maria: The Greek War of Independence in Chalkidiki:
    The Role of the Church and Holy Mount Athos
    , MA 2002

    138 pages
    Appendix: 7 pages of photographs

    The three chapters of the present dissertation study the following issues: the Greek War of Independence in Chalkidiki from the period of its preparation to its repression, the main fighters of this war, and the major contribution of Holy Mount Athos and its hierarchs whose attitude proved that the concepts of Hellenism and Orthodoxy are interwoven.

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    Kazaki, Amalia: The History of Thessaloniki through the periodical "Gregory Palamas" (1917-1941), MA 1998

    216 pages

    The dissertation studies the period 1917-1941, from the destruction of the city by the fire to the German occupation, which marks a radical transformation of the physiognomy and character of the city. The establishment of the periodical "Gregory Palamas" was a landmark for the history of the city. Since 1917, when the publication of the periodical starts, the entire life of the city (education, International Trade Fair, artistic events, historic facts, war, occupation, refugees, minorities, restorations and erections of churches) is recorded in the pages of this periodical.

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    Lois, Georgios Nektarios: The Macedonian Question with a Special Focus on Political and Ecclesiastic Issues in Yugoslavia from 1918 to the Present, MA 1998

    182 pages

      1) Propagandist documents for the so-called struggle of the "Macedonian Nation" and the situation in "Skopje Macedonia";
      2) Documents from the Archive of the Holy Synod of the Serb Orthodox Church;
      3) Table of maps and icons.

    The dissertation is divided into two parts. The first part discusses the Macedonian Question from a historic and political perspective, while the second examines it in relation to the church. More specifically, the first chapters attempt a short review of the history of Macedonia and a historic approach to the problem. Macedonia and the Serbs, as well as the position of Macedonia in the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes are studied later. The first part closes with chapters referring to the role of the Communist movement in the Balkans in relation to the Macedonian Question, the Establishment of the People's Republic of Macedonia, and events in postwar Yugoslavia. The second section of the dissertation studies the institution of the autonomy and autocephaly of the Patriarchate of Serbia, as well as the attitude of the Patriarchate and the Communist Party of Yugoslavia concerning the foundation of the "Macedonian Church".

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    Batkos, Protopresbyter Evangelos: Churches and Monasteries in the Region of Florina and Prespes in the Old System, MA 1998

    164 pages
    Appendix: 17 pages of photographs.

    In the broader region of Florina, and more specifically in the region of Prespes, there is a significant number of Byzantine monuments of the 10th and 11th centuries that are considered national relics and treasuries of Christian tradition. The present dissertation attempts an inclusive approach to the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary in Itia, Florina, the Church of Agia Paraskevi, the Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary in Kato Kleina, Florina, the chapel of Agios Charalambos in Pisoderi, as well as the Holy Monasteries of the Holy Trinity in Pisoderi, and the Assumption of the Virgin in Kladorachi. A historic exception of the present study is the Holy Church of Agios Georgios in Meliti, which is dated to the early 10th century.

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    Makrogiannopoulos, G.: The Wall Paintings of Agios Athanasios of Mouzaki in Kastoria ( 1383/84 ) and Their Place in the Painting of the Period., MA 2001

    215 pages
    Appendix: 83 paintings and a list of drawings and painting.

    The present dissertation attempts a study of the wall paintings of the church of Agios Athanasios of Mouzaki in Kastoria (1383/84), and their place within the context of the painting activity of their time. The specific church has drawn the attention of important researchers, such as Orlandos, Pelekanidis, Xyggopoulos, and Chatzidakis, but a monograph on the church has never been published. The first chapters which deal with the historic details, the architecture and the iconographic programme of the church are followed by a very extensive chapter that analyzes the iconographic decor of Agios Athanasios of Mouzaki. The present work closes with chapters that focus on the style and technique followed in the construction of the church, as well as the place of the church wall paintings in the painting of the period.

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    Nixarlidou, Eleni: The "Secret School" [kryfo scholeio] and Intellectual Life during the Period of the Ottoman Rule in Western Macedonia, MA 1998

    227 pages

    The present work is divided into three sections. The first section attempts to show the extent of the intellectual decline of the Greeks after the conquest of Greece by the Turks. Later, there is an extensive discussion of the existence and function of the "secret school" [kryfo scholeio], as well as the contribution of the Greek clergy in education under the Turkish rule. The second section deals with Western Macedonia, with a general overview of the intellectual situation in Macedonia, with a special emphasis on Kozani, Kastoria, Grevena, and Florina in particular, with their differences; this section concludes the research on the educational activity in the entire region of Western Macedonia, from its occupation by the Ottoman Empire to its liberation. The third and final section discusses the important role of monasteries in the lives of the faithful, and attempts a short reference to the monasteries of Western Macedonia which worked as "secret schools" and educational centres.

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    Pappa, Aglaia: Georgian Religious Painting and Greek Icon Painters from Georgia in Thessaloniki, MA 2003

    279 pages
    Appendix: 116 tables of photographs.

    In the first pages of this dissertation, the author attempts to present that part of Georgian religious art that is related to mosaics, frescoes, portable icons, and enamel. After a short introduction to Medieval Georgia, the work discusses wall painting, which is divided into groups on the basis of historic and stylistic criteria. This extensive reference to monumental painting is followed by a description of the remaining "colour" types of religious art. Georgian enamel art, the most distinguished art in the decorative arts of the country, as well as miniature art, separated into categories according to their influences, occupy the closing chapters of this dissertation.

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    Pantzaridis, Savvas: The Wall Paintings of the Chapel of the Dormition of the Virgin (Molyvokklisia) in Karyes, Mount Athos, MA 2004

    219 pages
    Appendix: 149 pages of photographs from the wall paintings of the chapel

    The present dissertation studies the history of the chapel, its architecture, and the founders' inscription with the names of the two founders, Dimitrios and Makarios. It presents the iconographic programme, and analyzes the various iconographic circles and individual depictions of saints in five sections. The third and last part of the project attempts an analysis of the iconographic and stylistic observations concerning compositions, human form, the landscape, the rendering of the drapery, the colour, the western elements, inspirational sources of iconographers, their work and finally their influence on other artists.

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    Makris, Archimandrite Gerasimos: Monasticism according to Saint Symeon of Thessaloniki, PhD


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    Tsalampouni, Ekaterini: Macedonia during the Period of the New Testament, PhD 1999

    195 pages

    This dissertation aims at studying the Acts of the Apostles and attempts to fill the gap in the biblical research concerning Macedonia and the incidents related to its Evangelism. The issues discussed in the present study are only some aspects of the diverse historic reality of Macedonian cities. The choice and presentation of the specific issues were based on the testimony of the text in the Acts which refers to the evangelism of Macedonia, and the focus is on three Macedonian cities (Philippi, Thessaloniki, and Veroia). The objective of this project is to shed light on the political, social and religious reality of the Macedonian cities where Apostle Paul conveyed the message of the Gospel, and where the first Christian churches on European ground were founded and developed.

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    Charalambidis, Eleftherios: The Experience of the Uncreated Light in the Lives of Mount Athos Saints, PhD 1999

    328 pages

    The term "uncreated light" [aktiston phos] describes the ultimate and most characteristic form of divine experience. It is the participation of man in the uncreated energy of God, which is "registered" by the human mind as an experience of the vision of light. However, this light has different qualities from natural light, it appears under different conditions and is followed by different consequences. The term "uncreated light" is first seen in the 4th century in the writings of Agios Epiphanios of Salamina (315-403). The hesicast dispute of the 14th century gave rise to the final development and formulation of the teaching of the church concerning "uncreated light". A leading figure of this teaching was Saint Gregory Palamas, archbishop of Thessaloniki.

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    Vacharologlou, Efstratios: The Schools of Primary Education in the Kaza of Thessaloniki and in the Kaza of Lagada (1850-1912), PhD 2002

    796 pages

    The present study focuses on the organization of primary education in the region of Thessaloniki, the most important church centre of Macedonia in the period of Turkish occupation. The Metropolitan of the city, except for financial and judicial matters, also deals with the educational life of the city. The dissertation attempts to present the Metropolitans of Thessaloniki in the 18th and 19th centuries, with special emphasis on their educational activities. The author discusses in detail the establishment of schools in the specific region, school teachers, school regulations, and school buildings. The point of reference for the organization of the material are the Dioceses of the Ecumenical Patriarchate, which are subject to the general framework established by the Synod of Bishops of Thessaloniki, as well as the directives of the Greek State through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. At the end of the 19th century, the educational centres of Asvestochori, Vasilika, Aeivatio, Leivadi in Chalkidiki, Sochos and Chalastra (Koulakia) were promoted into important educational centres.

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    Farganis, Mihaïl, “The Resistance of the Macedonian Greeks to Foreign Propaganda (1880–1913) on the Basis of Ekklisiastiki Alitheia, the Official Organ of the Oecumenical Patriarchate” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1992.

    207 pp.

    The organ of the Oecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, Ekklisiastiki Alitheia (1880–1923), teems with articles on Macedonia and the Macedonian Question in the period 1880–1913. These reflect the tensions in the region at that time and the distress of the subjugated peoples, they offer vivid, realistic descriptions and opinions about contemporary intrigues, they are authoritatively written, and reveal a profound knowledge of events in Macedonia. The thesis presents the ethnic, religious, and educational situation of the Greeks of Macedonia and assesses the magnitude of the Patriarchate’s role in the Macedonian Question and the Macedonian Struggle. It is based on a comparative study of the material in Ekklisiastiki Alitheia and the material in the archives of the Greek Foreign Ministry, the Institute for Balkan Studies, Grigoriou Monastery on Mount Athos, and Great Lavra on Mount Athos, which latter includes the archive of Patriarch Joachim III. The thesis is in three chapters. Chapter One briefly describes the general demographic, political, educational, religious, and ecclesiastical situation in Macedonia in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, together with the wider context of the Macedonian question, the attitude of the Balkan countries involved and the contemporary Great Powers that were concerned, and the effect of foreign religious propaganda in Macedonia in this period. Chapter Two describes the Oecumenical Patriarchate’s policy in Macedonia in 1870–1913 and critically examines the Patriarchate’s general position on the Macedonian Question. The writer also looks at the Patriarchate’s relations with the Ottoman Empire, its attitude towards the Bulgarian Exarchate, and its general policy under Joachim III (1872–1902). The last chapter presents, via Ekklisiastiki Alitheia, the developments in Macedonia and the Patriarchate’s position between 1880 and 1913 in four discrete periods: 1880–1903 (the Ilinden uprising), 1904–8 (the armed phase of the Macedonian Struggle), 1908 (the Young Turks’ revolution), and 1908–13 (the end of the Second Balkan War).

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    Frangedaki, Adamandia,“The Frescoes of St Spyridon in the Chapel in the Monastery of St John the Baptist near Serres and the Saint’s Iconographical Cycle” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.

    90 pp., indices of plates of frescoes and plates of icons, 7 pp. of bibliography, vi plates, 19 plates and 49 plates

    Already a worker of miracles in his lifetime, St Spyridon, philanthropic Bishop of Trimythous and patron saint of Corfu, whither his sacred relics were transferred intact in 1456, was born and died on Cyprus (270–348). The writer uses literary sources to reconstruct the saint’s iconographical cycle, taking as the basis of her study an evaluation of the painted decoration of the chapel in the Monastery of St John the Baptist near Serres. Among the six iconographical cycles of the saint that the writer locates, the cycle in the chapel coincides thematically with the other five, but is distinguished by its narrative aspect and its vernacular style, which are common features of eighteenth-century painting in Eastern Macedonia. The iconographical material of the other cycles basically comes from the Greek islands, most notably Corfu, and representations from elsewhere are more rare. The accounts of Spyridon’s life influenced the repertory of his iconographical cycles: of the thirty-four incidents and miracles in his life, only twenty-one are encountered in paintings. The chapel contains only seven incidents from the thaumaturgical activity of the saint, who is also depicted with other saints and fathers. Details of Spyridon’s life and cult over time are followed by the two main parts of the thesis. The first presents the history and the architecture of the chapel, its iconographical programme, and the style of the representations; the second presents the iconographical types and the scenes from the saint’s life that are painted on the chapel walls. His life is one of the three iconographical cycles in the chapel; it is brief and covers the lower part of the south and west walls, where Spyridon is portrayed standing with other saints and fathers. The painters selected the themes on the basis of their popularity, influenced as they were by the climate of the time— poverty and lack of the basic necessities for survival during the period of Ottoman rule. By and large, the scenes relate to the saint during his lifetime and, apart from two themes relating to his personal life (his participation in the First Oecumenical Council, in which he played a leading role in the opposition to the Arian heresy; and the temporary resurrection of his deceased daughter), the rest concern four miracles which he performed to help people facing difficulties in earning their livelihood: he made rain fall to save a poor crop; he turned a serpent into a piece of gold jewellery; he destroyed the harvest of an avaricious grain seller to the advantage of the poor; and he saved his friend from prison.

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    Tsekounaris, Mihaïl A., “Ecclesiastical History of the Florina Area, 19th–20th cent.” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1994.

    563 pp. with 5 maps + addendum of documents

    On the basis of memoirs and published sources, this thesis closely examines the communities in Florina prefecture one by one, offering an abundance of information of all kinds— historical, etymological, nomenclative, ecclesiastical, archaeological, educational — together with biographical details about prominent figures, focusing on the period of the Macedonian Struggle and before.

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    Tagarakis, Ioannis A.,“Charitable Activity in the Greek Orthodox Community of Thessaloniki (1840–1928)” Thessaloniki n.d.

    183 pp.

    The bulk of the material is taken from the archive of the Diocese of Thessaloniki, though published works and even grave inscriptions from the old Panayia Evangelistria cemetery also make a contribution. The uniting of all the Greek Orthodox in Thessaloniki into a single community was perhaps unprecedented among the Greek communities under Ottoman rule and was a prerequisite for the enormous success of the community’s charitable, social, and educational activity. A considerable part was played too by the harmonious co-operation between the Community and the Diocese, which was its spiritual and ethnic centre, in a city subjugated to the Turks, where the Greek element was far from being the most numerous. External factors, such as the dinstinctly favourable economic, commercial, and social conditions, also played a part. Members of powerful trading houses, initially in the diaspora but later within the city itself also, founded and supported the community’s charitable institutions. Only thus was it possible to establish and run four foundations (the foundlings’ hospital in 1840 (later called Ayos Stylianos), the Theayenis Hospital in the 1860s, the Papafis Orphanage in 1895, and the Harissis Home for the Aged in 1899). Nineteen twenty-eight was a landmark year in the administration of the foundations, because it was then that the Orthodox Christian communities were officially and legally abolished. The thesis presents in three chapters the institution of the Greek Orthodox Community of Thessaloniki, its organs, the position of the Diocese of Thessaloniki in the community, and its charitable work. The writer also examines in depth the community’s charitable foundations one by one— the Ayos Stylianos Foundlings’ Hospital, the Theayenis Hospital, the Harissis Hospital, and the Papafis Orphanage — describing the personalities of the founders, the administrative machinery and organisation, the rules and regulations of the foundations, the purpose of their founding, the history of their activity and social service, and the problems and adversities they faced. The writer also looks at the work environment and the relations between the workers themselves and between the workers and the administrators, their involvement in the charitable work, their social background, and their relations with the Church. Lastly, he examines the foundations’ economic resources and the contribution of the churches to their running.

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    Tsianaklidis, Dimitrios,“Zihni During the Macedonian Struggle” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1994

    260 pp.

    This thesis is in four parts. The writer begins with a historical review of the name Zihni from prehistoric times to the Byzantine and Ottoman periods. He then investigates the activity of the Diocese of Zihni during the Macedonian Struggle, the importance of its role owing to its geographical position, its history, and its relations with the Bulgarian Exarchate. He also discusses educational activity in the province of Zihni, the educational establishments and schools, the fraternities, the associations, and the charitable institutions. Lastly, he examines the armed struggle in Zihni province, the activity of armed bands, the initiatives of the communities, and the prominent figures in the struggle.

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    Stratis, Dimitrios,“The Island of Thasos and Mount Athos: The Influence of Athonite Monastic Spirituality on the Life of the Islanders” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1994.

    268 pp. with 39 plates (maps, photographs, pictures, and texts)

    Based on published sources, archives of Athonite monasteries, and the oral tradition of the island, this thesis in three chapters investigates the presence of Athonite monasteries on Thasos, the presence and activity of Athonite monks on the island, the monastic life of Thasian monks on Mount Athos, and the influence of Mount Athos on the spiritual life of the island, the liturgical rite and devotional life (with reference to St Luke and St Daniel), ecclesiastical art, education, vocabulary, and aspects of daily life.

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    Tsigaras, Yeoryios,“The Painters Konstandinos and Athanassios: Their Work on Mount Athos (1752–1783)” Ph.D. thesis, Thessaloniki 1997.

    vol. I (text) 370 pp. with an extensive bibliography, vol. II (plates) 245 pp. with plates of photographs and frescoes, vol. III (plans and drawings) 18 plans of monuments— elevations and sections of skete and monastery churches with a record of their painted decoration.

    The painters Konstandinos and Athanassios hailed from Korçë in Northern Epirus and belonged to a typical family atelier of the eighteenth century with an interesting presence on Mount Athos and in Northern Epirus. The thesis is in five chapters. Chapter One examines the painters’ artistic activity on the basis of the founders’ inscriptions on the churches and the extant archival evidence from the monastery archives. The inscriptions mention the painters themselves, their place of origin, the time when they were working, and the people who commissioned the paintings. The writer locates and lists separately their signed works and the works that are attributed to them; and there are also lists of the portable icons which they signed and which are attributed to them. Chapter Two describes the iconographical programmes of the four Athonite monuments that the brothers painted, makes an iconographical analysis of the representations, and offers comments on the technique and the style of their works. In Chapter Three the writer examines the roots of their work in Korçë, their models in relation to contemporary and, above all, earlier trends and schools (Palaeologan art, Cretan painting in the sixteenth century, the school of north-western Greece), as also the elements of the western iconographical tradition in their work, in order to reveal the strong eclecticism of the atelier. Chapter Four traces the structure and internal operation of the family atelier, and its dynamics after Konstandinos and Athanassios, when their sons became professionally active in Northern Epirus. The last chapter describes the historical circumstances of that period in Ottoman dominated Greece, with emphasis on Mount Athos, and the artistic context in which the two painters lived and worked, the ideological trends of the period as reflected in the iconography of the Athonite monuments which they decorated, the painters’ relations with the sponsors, and the interventions made by the founders.

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    Rediadis-Toumbas, Ilias K.,“Ioannis Sakellaridis (1853–1938) and Greek Liturgical Music” Athens 1994, MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1994.

    141 pp. with 56 pp. of photographs and musical plates.

    Born the son of a priest in 1853 in Litohoro, Macedonia, Ioannis Sakellaridis was already a practitioner of the cantor’s art when he was undergoing his general education in Ottoman-dominated Thessaloniki. He later went to Athens, but soon abandoned his medical studies there in favour of classical literature in the Faculty of Philosophy and European music at the Athens Conservatory. Blessed with a charismatic voice, he was a cantor in a number of churches in Piraeus and Athens (including the metropolitan church of Athens) and also taught in a number of educational establishments, such as the Arsakian, Maraslian, Rizarian, and Hadzikyriakian schools. He died in 1938, the head of a musical family. His musical talent was universally acknowledged. An accomplished cantor, a dominant figure in the nineteenth century, and a polymath, he left behind him a special theoretical and practical system of liturgical music, which sought to bridge the eastern influence on liturgical music with western knowledge of the wealth of theological symbolism and imagery, the fulness and elegance of what has become known as ‘Byzantine chant’ and which he himself termed the‘Greek Liturgical System’. The four chapters of the thesis describe his life and work, the theoretical and practical aspects of his method for teaching liturgical music, his relationship with and knowledge of European secular and liturgical music and the progress of related research in the West, and his innovations in liturgical music, and also evaluates his theoretical and practical contribution from a national, theological, and musicological point of view.

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    Radunovitch, Veliko,“The Works of St Gregory Palamas in Fourteenth-century Serbian Literature” Ph.D. thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.

    303 pp. with an extensive bibliography.

    The study of the Old Serbian translations of the work of Gregory Palamas and the influence of Hesychast literature on mediaeval Serbian literature reveals the profound interior bonds that link the two Orthodox peoples, the Greeks and the Serbs. This thesis in four chapters examines precisely the influence of the work of Gregory Palamas on the Serbian language and literature of the fourteenth century through the studies and translations of his works. The writer observes Byzantine–Serbian relations in Palamas’s time, the contemporary ecclesiastical conditions in the Byzantine Empire and particularly in Thessaloniki with the Hesychast controversy, and the Serbian political leadership’s contacts with the Byzantine spiritual tradition. He presents the Hesychast movement in Serbian literature in Palamas’s time and in the time after his death, the forerunners, and the chief exponents of Hesychasm in Serbia and their teachings. He also presents the Old Serbian translations of Palamas’s works and the language and personalities of the translators. The texts themselves are examined, with a vocabulary list of Old Serbian compound words and their Palamasian counterparts and a vocabulary list of compound Palamasian words and their Old Serbian rendering; and there is also a select innovative edition of four translations of Palamas’s works in the fourteenth century.

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    Sajlovitch, Mirko S.,“The Construction of Hilandari Monasteri on Mount Athos and Its Contribution to the History of the Serbs in the Thirteenth Century” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.

    148 pp. with an appendix comprising the text of the founding imperial chrysobull of Alexios III (1198) and two pictures.

    In its two chapters, the thesis discusses i) the two Lives of St Sabbas and St Symeon on Mount Athos, the premise that Hilandari Monastery was built for Serbian monks, and the rebuilding of the monastery; and ii) the conditions in Serbia in Sabbas and Symeon’s time and Hilandari’s practical role in the spiritual, ideological, and political enlightenment of the Serbs. Mount Athos (as the point of contact between the Serbs and the other Slavs and the Byzantine world) and Hilandari Monastery in particular, the creation of Sabbas and Symeon (as the Serbs’ supreme educational establishment) essentially shaped the national identity of the Serbs in the thirteenth century. At the same time, it was there that the differences in the Serbian and the Byzantine Middle Ages came into being, as the thesis describes, the differences between the new Serbian ideology and the developed political philosophy of Byzantium. The thesis was written to mark the occasion of the eighth centenary of the founding of Hilandari Monastery (1198–1998).

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    Synolas, Pavlos (Panayotis), Archimandrite,“Ioannis Kottounios: A Seventeenth-century Philosopher and Theologian from Veria” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.

    137 pp. with appendix (photographs and texts) + 12 pictures.

    A gracious yet forceful figure in the Greek diaspora in the seventeenth century, Ioannis Kottounios left for Europe, fired by an ardent desire for learning, and went to Italy, where he studied philosophy, theology, and medicine. He is counted among the heirs of the Byzantine sages and scholars who upheld the glory of Greek learning in Europe.. He believed that the only hope for the Greeks’ survival and rebirth was to maintain the Byzantine spiritual heritage. An‘Aristotelian’ by conviction, he was neither an atheist nor a Catholic, as he was accused of being from time to time, and held aloof from dogmatism in his philosophy and his faith. In 1653, he founded the Kottounian Greek Museum in Padua, a college providing free education for Greek students. The long introduction to this thesis describes the spiritual situation in Greece under Ottoman rule, contact with Europe, the concern felt in the West for the Greeks, the role and service of the Greek College in Rome, the relations of the Vatican and Venice with the Greeks and the Patriarchate of Constantinople. This is followed by Kottounios’s biographical details (1572–1657), his studies, and his career in Italy. The second part discusses his philosophical and theological work, his opinions, and his struggle on behalf of the liberation of Greece. Part Three talks about the founding, running, students, and achievements of the Kottounian Greek Museum in Padua. The final part discusses the religious problems of the Orthodox in the Catholic West, particularly the Greek communities in Venice and Padua.

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    Skenderis, Dimitrios,“The Part Played by the Clergy in the National Resistance, 1941–1944” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1995.

    119 pp. with texts and photographs relating to the activity of the clergy in the National Resistance.

    In three chapters, this thesis examines the activities of bishops of the Church of Greece in the National Resistance, the participation of lower ranking clergy by geographical area, and the members and institutions of the Church of Greece that played a leading part in the nation’s dreadful experiences between 1941 and 1944. There are specific references to Macedonia on pages 35–46, 52–5, 57–65, where mention is made of the activity of Avgoustinos Kandiotis, Metropolitan of Florina, Ioakeim Apostolidis, Metropolitan of Servia and Kozani, and lower ranking members of the clergy.

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    Sakorafa, Anastassia,“Life and Death in the Literary Work of N.-G. Pentzikis” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1994.

    77 pp.

    The basis of this thesis was the texts in the confessional Omilimata (Athens, 1972), which consists in personal writings— ‘travels’, as he calls them — describing Pentzikis’s personal struggle and his preparation to embark on and advance along the way of God, a text in which he himself speaks, not his heroes. References are made to other works by Pentzikis where necessary. The chapter divisions follow the writer’s opinions as expressed in his writings and as he lived them throughout his life. The introduction consists in an account of Pentzikis’s life and work. Chapter One concerns the revelation of God to humankind and the possibilities which this revelation opens up to humankind in space and time. The next chapter comments on humanity’s journey towards God, the true life in the light of the divine revelation. Chapter Three comments on the subject of death in relation to this life and the life to come; and the writer concludes with Pentzikis’s own views on faith and on hope in the Resurrection. Part of this chapter is devoted to Thessaloniki and Pentzikis’s relationship with his city, based on a passage from St Paul’s First Epistle to the Thessalonians, which refers to the subject of faith and hope in the Resurrection.

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    Vretta-Paskhalidou, Maria,“Eikossifinissa Codex 192: A Palaeographical and Critical Examination” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.

    100 pp. with 21 plates (texts of codices).

    Codex 192 from Eikossifinissa Monastery on Mount Pangaio is now in Bulgaria, displayed with the Greek Manuscript Collection in the Ivan Dujcev Centre in Sofia. It was one of the most important manuscripts in the monastery library. An incunabulum, written by that great Father of the Orthodox Church, Markos Evyenikos himself, it preserves numerous published and unpublished works of his, many of which survive only in this codex. It is one of the most important witnesses to the manuscript tradition of the work of Markos Evyenikos. The thesis is divided into two parts. Part One describes the library and the manuscripts of Eikossifinissa Monastery, the collections and the catalogues of the manuscripts from the fifteenth to the twentieth century, the scriptorium, the theft committed by the Bulgarians in 1917, and the progress of the affair until the recent appearance of the stolen codices in Sofia. Part Two presents Codex 192 and its history and offers a codicological and palaeographical examination of its form and contents.

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    Papadakis, Konstandinos M.,“The Holy Stauropegiac Monastery of the Holy Trinity (St Dionyssios of Olympus): A Historical Approach” MA thesis, Rethymno 1998.

    132 pp. + appendix of 3 plates (picture, map, and engraving of the monastery).

    Monks were already settling in the wider area of Olympus in the Byzantine period. During the period of Ottoman rule, Byzantine monasteries were re-established and many new ones were built, developing into major spiritual and economic centres for the area. A prominent place among the monasteries in the Olympus area was held by the Monastery of the Holy Trinity, or of St Dionyssios, as it came to be known. Important references to the monastery in travellers’ writings preserve information and evidence that were lost the last time the monastery was destroyed, in 1943. The first part of this six-chapter thesis presents the life and the cult of St Dionyssios, the founding and the history of the monastery from the sixteenth to the twentieth century, the various parts of the monastery, not as architecture but as history of the construction and use of the monuments, the organisation, rule, and privileges of the monastery, the spiritual movement that took place within its walls led by scholarly monks and scribes, and the monastery school. Lastly, the thesis discusses the monastery’s part in the national struggles from 1821 onwards. Part Two presents hagiological texts (lives of saints) and patriarchal writings relating to St Dionyssios and the Monastery of the Holy Trinity.

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    Papazis, Dimitrios A.,“Metropolitan Athanassios Megaklis (1848–1909)” Ph.D. thesis, Thessaloniki 1997.

    293 pp. with an appendix of 6 unpublished texts and 10 illustrations (photographs, texts, seals).

    The scion of a distinguished family of Adrianople, Athanassios completed his education at the city’s noted high school and entered the Theological College of Halki. He spoke French and Turkish, wrote very well indeed, and was a prominent figure in the Oecumenical Patriarchate even before he assumed his metropolitan duties. The five chapters of this thesis present Athanassios’s life and ecclesiastical activity: origins and education (1848–71), cleric in the Patriarchate (1871–82), Metropolitan of Sissani and Siatista, his election to and work in the metropolitanate (1882–91), his work as a member of the Holy Synod in Constantinople (1888–91), his transfer to the post of Metropolitan of Thessaloniki (1893–1903), his pastoral, ecclesiastical, educational, and social work, his relations with the Oecumenical Throne, later Metropolitan of Cyzicus (1903–9), his pastoral work in the metropolitanate and his synodical work from 1904 to 1909, and the end of his life.

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    Poulis, Yeoryios A.,“The Views of St Symeon, Metropolitan of Thessaloniki, Regarding Ecclesiastical Offences: A Historical Approach” Ph.D. thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.

    224 pp. with a considerable bibliography.

    In canon law, those canons concerning sanctions are of unique importance in the Orthodox Church: not only does their validity extend to all the Orthodox Churches in the world, but they encapsulate almost all the anthropological thinking of Orthodox theology. This thesis falls within the general context of interest in the law-making work of the Fathers of the Orthodox Church. It offers a historical approach to the last canon lawyer of the Byzantine period, Archbishop Symeon of Thessaloniki, and probes his thinking on the issue of sanctions in the Orthodox Church. An eminent theologian and an outstanding prelate with jurisdictional authority, Symeon ministered to the suffering flock of the Church of Thessaloniki for thirteen years, during a critical period in the city’s history, 1416/17–1429, and experienced the most dramatic moments of the siege of the Venetian-held city by the Turks, who eventually took it six months after his death (in March 1430). The Thessalonian flock was in a dreadful spiritual state, tormented by moral decline, lack of piety, social strife, and moral depravity. Symeon’s thinking on canon law is a natural extension of his theology. He passionately defended the genuine patristic tradition, though he was prompt to disagree with the canon tradition of the Church when he felt that the needs of the time demanded it. Apart from obedience to canon law, his work reflected above all his strong sense of responsibility as pastor to a flock that was given to departing from the ecclesiastical tradition and deviating from moral purity. Based on Symeon’s own writings, this thesis seeks to link his views with the ambient climate. The first part examines his opposition to the canon tradition of the Church as regards the sanctions imposed for killing in time of war, for he himself justified resistance to the Turks until death and anathematised collaboration in the Thessalonians’ servitude. Part Two investigates the extreme extension of the meaning and the substance of the ecclesiastical sanctions (penances) to an association with the practice of philanthropy.

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    Paka, Pinelopi M.,“Education in Thessaloniki in the Period of Ottoman Rule” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1995.

    399 pp. with an appendix (lists of teachers, numbers of educational establishments and students at various stages of Ottoman rule) and a considerable bibliography.

    The scant archival material used for this thesis comes from the Historical Archive of Macedonia and the archive of the Diocese of Thessaloniki, while most of the information was taken from published sources and reference books. The structure of the thesis follows the temporal division of Ottoman rule in Macedonia into three periods, early, middle, and late. In the first two parts (1430 to the end of the seventeenth century and the early eighteenth to early nineteenth century), the writer presents the fragmentary data about the schools that were operating in Thessaloniki and the teachers who taught in them. The volume of information for the third period is much greater, and concerns the city’s educational establishments, their administration, the organisation of studies, the curricula and assessment methods, the teaching and auxiliary staff, the students, the responsibilities of the inspectorate of the city’s schools, the resources and assets of the educational establishments, the labour status of the teachers, the educational associations, and the city’s communal and private educational establishments.

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    Papayeoryiou, Konstandinos,“The Conversion of the Valaades to Islam in Western Macedonia” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1995.

    60 pp.

    Islamicised Greeks, who lived, until the exchange of populations in 1924, on the plains of the kazas of Anaselitsa (Voio), Grevena, Elassona, and Kastoria in Western Macedonia, the Valaades had lost their Christian faith, but not their Greek language, customs, and traditions. In six chapters, this thesis investigates the origin and etymology of the term‘Valaades’, weighs up all the theories regarding their racial provenance, traces the historical development and the causes of the phenomenon of conversion to Islam, as also its geographical spread in Macedonia in general as it gradually caught the Valaades’ interest, enumerates the villages in which they lived, and examines the religious make-up of their villages. The writer studies the Greek spoken by the Valaades, with its distinctive local features, and the psychological make-up of the Valaades as revealed by jokes and songs, and examines their customs and traditions, their relations with the Christian populations in the areas where they lived, and finally their expatriation under the terms of the Treaty of Lausanne. The writer’s sources are journals, folktales, beliefs, information preserved by travellers, and secondary sources and reference books.

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    Paissios, Monk of Koutloumoussiou Monastery,“The Dependencies of Koutloumoussiou Monastery in Serres Prefecture” Mount Athos 1995.

    185 pp. with a glossary and unnumbered maps, documents, and other illustrations passim

    Librarian of Koutloumoussiou Monastery on Mount Athos for many years, Païssios makes use of the considerable number of documents in the monastery archive which offer information about the monastery’s dependencies, as part of its history. These are Byzantine and post-Byzantine documents, some published, some not, correspondence between the stewards of the dependencies and the monastery, official translations of Turkish documents done in 1930, when the dependencies were being expropriated to rehabilitate the Asia Minor refugees, and unofficial translations of Turkish documents by fathers of the monastery done before 1930. Studies and other literature relating to Serres prefecture are also used. Koutloumoussiou had dependencies in the prefectures of Serres and Halkidiki, on Imbros, Samos, Limnos, Thassos, Andros, Crete, and Amfissa, in Moldavia and Wallachia, Marmara, and Nicomedia in Asia Minor, and also owned smaller tracts of land in Yannitsa, Edessa, Thessaloniki, and elsewhere. The oldest dependencies that were most important for the life of the monastery were in Serres prefecture. This four-part thesis discusses the Panayia Eleoussa dependency, the Panayia and Timios Prodromos dependencies at Aïdonohori, and the Koutsios dependency at Efkarpia. Through the correspondence with the stewards of the dependencies it recounts how they were acquired and founded, how they evolved over time, the monastery’s relations with the villagers and the Ottoman authorities, and various occasions when harvests were destroyed.

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    Mandzanaris, Konstandinos,“A Historical Description of the Landscape of Mount Athos in the Texts of Ecclesiastical Writers, Travellers, Poets, and Littérateurs” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1996.

    74 pp. with an appendix of a representative selection of texts and an alphabetical index of writers.

    This thesis takes a historical approach to the physical space of the Monastic Republic of Mount Athos through the descriptions of the beauty of the landscape, its natural charms and natural wealth, that are found in various texts from the ninth century, when monastic life on Athos began, to the present day. The three parts of the thesis reflect the basic divisions of historical time: i) the Byzantine period, 9th–14th cent., with two groups of writers: Fathers of the Church and other ecclesiastical writers; ii) the period of Ottoman rule, with descriptions and travel accounts by poets, short-story writers, prose writers, historiographers, travellers, essayists, and teachers of the nation; iii) 1912 to the present, with travel accounts by essayists, poets, and Greek and foreign travellers. Each part includes a historical review of the period, and the writers are classified and presented in ‘thematic order’. Each part also includes an appraisal of the whole chronological period under examination, together with conclusions about the‘semiotic’ value of the texts and the writers in the sphere of contemporary writing.

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    Bozinis, Konstandinos,“Moral and Theological Ideas in Demosthenes’ Speeches Against King Philip” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1990.

    98 pp.

    This thesis regards religion in ancient Greece as the foundation that underpinned every political structure from Homeric times to the Hellenistic rulers. More specifically, the subject of the thesis is the religious and moral substructure of the admonitory speeches delivered to the ecclesia of the deme in the Classical period, the specific object of discussion being Demosthenes’ orations against Philip in the mid-fourth century bc. Three separate introductory sections examine the role of religion in the political regimes of ancient Greece until the Classical period, religion as a factor influencing public opinion in the public affairs of the democratic state, and the close connection between political problems and morality in the minds of the political thinkers of fourth-century bc Athens. The writer then takes passages from Demosthenes’ Philippics and seeks to extract the moral and theological ideas they may contain. The three chapters reflect the historical order of the events. He first discusses the content of the first Philippic, 351 bc, which is Demosthenes’ only speech on the subject in the first phase of the war. The next two chapters examine excerpts from Demosthenes’ orations during succeeding phases, namely Philip’s siege of Olynthos (349–348 bc) and the period following the Peace of Philocrates (346–341 bc). The Philippics have a particularly high moral and religious content and the ramifications of the ideas they contain penetrate deep into ancient Greek literature.

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    Bellos, Zissis A.,“The Ecclesiastical Life of Western Macedonia and Northern Thessaly According to the Zavordas Codex 1534/1692” MA thesis, Kozani 1994.

    100 pp. with an appendix of texts.

    From the time of its foundation (c. 1537–45) and throughout the period of Ottoman rule in Macedonia, the Holy Stauropegiac Monastery of the Transfigurations of Our Lord and St Nikanor, also known as Zavordas Monastery, near Grevena, was an important centre which made a noteworthy contribution to the ecclesiastical, educational, social, and national life of the wider region of Western Macedonia and Northern Thessaly. The monastery’s treasurehouse preserves a large number of written sources relating to various subjects and historical periods. The contents of the Zavorda codex as it survives today were written by two scribes. The older part (1534–1692) is essentially a copy made in 1692 of earlier codices, accounts-books and registers, that the founder, St Nikanor himself, originally started keeping. The latter part relates to the period 1693 to early 1900. Both parts are essentially a record of offerings and donations to the monastery, and so the codex contains registers and lists of the settlements and villages in the bishoprics (provinces) and dioceses of the district of Western Macedonia (principally) and Northern Thessaly (which was liberated earlier and threw in its lot with the Greek state). The five chapters of the thesis give information about the monastery and its founder St Nikanor, and geographical and onomatological data, and describe the splendid contents of the treasurehouse. The writer also describes the Zavordas Codex in terms of its form and content and recounts its history. He gives the lists from the registers of the local bishoprics as they are recorded in the codex, the villages, parishes, monasteries, and dependencies that were connected with the monastery. A separate chapter concerns the ecclesiastical and pedagogical establishments and schools in the bishoprics of the Thessalo-Macedonian area and the monastery’s work in this connection. Lastly, the writer provides population figures and other demographic data, and data relating to language and religion from the 1905 census for the areas listed in the codex.

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    Bakas, Ioannis,“Nigrita and the Surrounding Area at the End of the Period of Ottoman Rule: Educational and Ecclesiastical Activity of the Local Greeks (1880–1912); The Events of the Macedonian Struggle” MA thesis, Nigrita 1993.

    278 pp. + 18 unnumbered pp. + 2 maps, with 3 appendices (texts, photographs, folklore).

    In six chapters, this thesis discusses the ancient and Byzantine history of the province of Bisaltia and the town of Nigrita during the period of Ottoman rule, with demographic comments, data on trade and the economy, education, the events leading up to the Macedonian Struggle and the events of the armed phase, the new situation it brought about in the area and in Nigrita, the Young Turks’ revolution, the liberation of the area in 1912–13, the end of Ottoman rule, the atrocities committed by the Bulgarians, and information about and brief biographical portraits of fighters in the Macedonian Struggle and other prominent figures in the town.

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    Vaharoglou, Efstratios T.,“Educational Establishments and Schools of Thessaloniki (1850–1912): The Organisation and Running of Primary Education” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1997.

    vols. I + II, 437 pp. with an appendix and extensive bibliography.

    The Metropolitan of Thessaloniki was the spiritual leader of the community in the period of Ottoman rule, and he had economic, educational, and social jurisdiction and the right to represent the community before the Ottoman authorities. Focusing chiefly on the educational work of the Diocese of Thessaloniki in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, this thesis is essentially a history of education in Thessaloniki from 1853 to 1912. Through an investigation of the archives of the six-class primary school in Piryi (Analipsi), the six-class primary school in Vardari, the central six-class primary school, the girls’ six-class primary school of the central senior girls’ school, the high school of the central senior girls’ school, and the boys’ school, the writer describes the organisation of, chiefly, primary education in Thessaloniki, the economic and national role of which also determined the standard and the structure of national education. On the basis of published sources and reference books and school archives, he paints as complete a picture as possible of each of the primary schools in the city. In the three chapters of the thesis, the writer thus goes back to 1850, the time of early efforts, the first educational establishments, and the first systematic organisational efforts by the Metropolitan of Thessaloniki, Ieronymos (1841–53). Next comes the period 1853–1912, with a discussion of the role of the diocese, the intercommunal strife, the financial problems and the assets of the educational establishments, the financial contribution of the Sublime Porte, the Oecumenical Patriarchate, and the Greek state to education in Thessaloniki, together with data about the private and foreign schools (Turkish, German, English, American, French. Jewish, Bulgarian, Romanian, Serbian, and Armenian) in the city, and the activity of educational associations, fraternities, and societies. Finally, there is a very detailed discussion of each and every preschool and primary educational establishment, the six-class primary schools, their organisation and running by parish, their curricula, the assessment methods, the students, and the teaching staff.

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    Vantsos, Miltiadis,“The Social Views of St Gregory Palamas” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1997

    106 pp.

    One of the most important Church Fathers of the fourteenth century, Gregory Palamas, the theorist of Hesychasm, did not turn his back on social issues. His views on social life and human relations in particular have endured and remain ever relevant and can still assist a better approach to modern problems. While he was Metropolitan of Thessaloniki, apart from his doctrinal work, he also turned his attention to social issues, human relations, wealth and poverty, and the problems of life. In his sermons to his flock, he taught the Christian view of life and the world, gave practical advice on settling matters relating to social life and how Christians are required to lead their life on earth so that they may be worthy to participate in the kingdom of heaven. According to Palamas, sociability is a characteristic trait of human nature, human beings do not communicate only with their neighbour, but strive to know their God and Creator. Communion with God and communion with one’s neighbour are inseparably connected in Palamas’s thinking. In order to understand human sociability, as Palamas defines it— the social relations between the members of a society, its institutions and structure — one must first understand how Palamas perceives human existence and communion with God. The three chapters of the thesis therefore discuss first human communion with God, then human communion with one’s neighbour, and finally the problems and difficulties of social life, with Palamas’s views on poverty, evil, sorrow, and the decline of values in human life.

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    Vliagoftis, Konstandinos,“Pages from Modern Athonite History (From the Modern Archive of Xiropotamou Monastery)” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.

    140 pp.

    The modern archive of Xiropotamou Monastery contains reports to the Holy Community by Athonite delegates in Constantinople and Thessaloniki, reports by the monastery’s representatives in the Holy Community, and letters from various people to the monastery. In the introduction, the thesis presents and comments on the material, together with a historical outline of the period 1848–1918, which is the span covered by the documents in this particular archive. The thesis is in five parts. First there is a biography of Dionyssios of Xiropotamou, a noted monk of the Athonite Republic and a prominent figure in the monastery in the nineteenth century. This is followed by an account of the relations between Mount Athos and foreigners: the Tsar’s plans to take Athos in the second half of the nineteenth century; the subsequent Russian plan to internationalise and neutralise Athos after liberation from the Ottoman; the heresy of the Name, which may have been a purely Russian affair, but it set the entire Athonite Republic by the ears at the beginning of the twentieth century; Bulgarian presence and activity on Athos, chiefly during the armed phase of the Macedonian Struggle. There is a separate discussion of aspects of Athonite monastic life at the end of the period of Ottoman rule and in the early years after liberation; the kollyvades controversy regarding memorials; comments on the patriarchal encyclical‘On the preservation of the Christian tradition and obedience to authority’; the question of the monastic estates in the Romanian lands; the question of the Greek church in Brasov; the events of the two Balkan Wars and the First World War through the reports of the monastery’s representatives in the Holy Community; disagreements between the monasteries; and visits of foreign travellers to Mount Athos. Lastly, the writer describes the educational movement on Mount Athos in the last quarter of the period of Ottoman Rule with the schools at Karyes, Xiropotamou, and elsewhere, and Xiropotamou’s contribution to contemporary education, social affairs, and publishing.

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    Alexiou, Yeoryios T.,“Dated Carved Wooden Screens in Churches in Kastoria: i) Ayos Nikolaos Dragota (1668); ii) Ayos Ioannis Prodromos (1701)” MA thesis, n.p., n.d.

    86 pp.

    The interior decoration of the post-Byzantine churches in Kastora is diverse and striking. Its basic features are the interesting paintings by noted artists and the impressive carved wooden screens. This two-part thesis examines the screens in two churches, Ayos Nikolaos Dragota and Ayos Ioannis Prodromos, with information about their dating, typology, and style, and their carved decoration. A separate chapter explains technical terms and gives lists of drawings and plates scattered throughout the thesis. The two screens which are the subject of the thesis are firmly dated and, apart from their considerable artistic value, are an authoritative sample for study and comparison with other (mainly undated) screens in churches in Kastoria, as also in the wider area of Greece and the Balkans. A study of them contributes to research into the historical development of the art of ecclesiastical woodcarving.

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    Dararas, Anastassios,“Monasteries of Olympus and the Pieria Mountains” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.

    312 pp. with an appendix of illustrations and texts.

    The general area of Olympus was always a point of reference for all the liberation struggles of the Greek nation, and the local monasteries played an important role in the progress and ultimate outcome of the struggles and assisted in the spiritual, cultural, and educational advancement of the local inhabitants. Six of the seven parts of this thesis each concerns one of the six important monasteries of Olympus and the Pieria (Petra Monastery, the Monastery of the Panayia Olympiotissa, the Monastery of St Dionyssios, the Monastery of the Holy Trinity at Sparmos, Kanalon Monastery, and Klimadon Monastery). The last part briefly discusses smaller monasteries in this general area (the Monasteries of the Holy Trinity at Yannota, the Holy Trinity at Livadi, St Athanassios at Valetsiko, St Athanassios at Tsaritsani, and St Antony at Kokkinoyi (Demirades)). The monasteries are presented in order of antiquity and the seven parts all have more or less the same structure: all the available data about the site, a description of the monastery and the surrounding area, its history, national and spiritual activity, contribution to the wider region, and data about the monasteries’ land, sacristies, and libraries, where available.

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    Dardas, Anastassios N.,“The Founding and Running of the Trabandzian High School in Siatista Under the Supervision of the Church: A Contribution to the Ecclesiastical and Educational History of Western Macedonia” Ph.D. thesis, Thessaloniki 1991.

    523 pp. with an extensive bibliography and 3 appendices (unpublished sources, lists of teachers and students).

    It is not easy to discuss the history of education in Siatista during the period of Ottoman rule, owing to the scarcity of the sources. The founding of the Trabandzian High School in 1888 and its operation from 1889 to 1890 was a milestone in the history of the town, which seems to have been very active in the field of education (owing to its commercial and economic development) and had a school of further education for at least two hundred years. In its historical introduction, this thesis discusses the subject of education and the educational establishments in Siatista from the second half of the seventeenth century to the founding of the Trabandzian High School. The other four chapters give information about the expatriate benefactor Ioannis M. Trabandzis, his life, his success, and what he did for Siatista, the founding and running of the Trabandzian High School under the supervision of the Metropolitans of Sissani and Siatista between 1888 and 1914, the running of the school in the free state in two periods, until 1931 (still financially dependent on the Church), and from 1931 to the present (independent of ecclesiastical authority).

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    Dionyssios, Metropolitan of Drama,“St Symeon of Thessaloniki and the West: The Latin Church and Its Innovations” Ph.D. thesis, Thessaloniki 1992.

    163 pp.

    A prominent ecclesiastical figure at the end of the Byzantine period and Archbishop of Thessaloniki in 1416/17–1429, a crucial period in the city’s history, St Symeon opposed both historical alternatives for the city’s fate at that time (whether, that is, it should be handed over to the Latins or the Turks) and espoused a third solution, which was resistance until death in order to preserve political and religious freedom. The positions Symeon took up against the West, and particularly against the Latin innovations, which he believed had adulterated the teaching and practice of Christianity, were extremely important at the time. They helped to strengthen Orthodox consciousness and to maintain tenacious adherence to the unmodernised continuity of the tradition of the apostles and the saints. The three chapters of this thesis present and analyse Symeon’s anti-Latin positions, explain the theological and historical reasons for his attitude, and describe his gentle, peace-loving nature. The writer analyses the major innovations introduced by the Latins, the major theological points of dispute (filioque, primacy of the Pope, azymes, Epiclesis, and Purgatory), together with other lesser innovations in ecclesiastical and everyday life, and Symeon’s views on Hesychasm, chiefly with regard to the issue of the procession of the Holy Ghost and its grace and energy in the mysteries. Lastly, there are St Symeon’s views on the question of whether the Latins constituted a church or a heresy and thence to the question of the union of the two churches, eastern and western.

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    Kyriakidis, Pavlos I.,“Churches of the Nineteenth Century in Naoussa (History, Architecture, Art, Treasures, Structural Stability)” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.

    119 pp. + 83 plates with 110 illustrations, plans + appendix of 50 plates of documents.

    A city with a rich religious and cultural tradition that is vividly reflected in its churches, Naoussa had six parish churches, one monastery church, seven chapels, and seven country churches. Two parish churches (Kimissis Theotokou and Ayos Yeoryos), the monastery church (the katholikon of Exo Prodromos Monastery), and one chapel (the Panayopoula of Ayios Yeoryos) date to the nineteenth century and are the subject of this thesis. The material on which it is based consists in original documents from the archive of the Diocese of Veria and Naoussa, (mainly Turkish) documents of the nineteenth century, and articles and studies by local scholars, eye-witness accounts, and architectural surveys from the relevant departments of the Universities of Athens and Thessaloniki. Drawing the fundamental distinction between painted (Ayos Yeoryos and the Chapel of Panayopoula) and unpainted churches (Kimissi Theotokou and the katholikon of Prodromos Monastery)— a distinction on which the content of the thesis is structured — the writer discusses the history of the monuments, their architecture, aspects of their art, the various phases of their construction over the years, and their present condition.

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    Ketikidis, Yeoryos,“Conversion to Islam in Macedonia” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.

    238 pp.

    This thesis studies the phenomenon of the conversion of Christian populations in Macedonia to Islam as a fundamental cause of the ethnic and religious decay of the Greek nation in Macedonia. The writer regards the conversions as a political choice and practice of the Turks, and considers them characteristic of the resourcefulness and political amorality of the Ottoman administration in consolidating its sovereignty in the Greek lands. He describes how the Turks conquered and colonised Macedonia as a precondition for implementing the conversions to Islam, and discerns two basic categories of these, mass and individual conversions. He gives examples from each category (the‘tribute of children’, the Valaades of Western Macedonia, conversion of Jews; and individual cases are mentioned by name). This investigation of conversion to Islam in Macedonia as a political choice and practice is based on published material from the archives of the Ecclesiastical Court of Thessaloniki and of Veria and Naoussa, travellers’ writings, and historical studies of Macedonia.

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    Kati, Eleni D.,“The History of the Monastery of St Andrew at Peristera” MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1997.

    137 pp. with 23 illustrations.

    South-east of Thessaloniki, on the flank of Mount Hortiatis, stands the mountain village of Peristera, which was known already in the Byzantine period, when it was the site of the ruins of an Early Christian monument. On these ruins, at the end of the ninth century, St Euthymios the Younger, a monk from Asia Minor who had also lived on Mount Athos, founded the men’s Monastery of St Andrew. He secured privileges and tax exemptions to help the monastery prosper, but by the end of the tenth century it had fallen into decline and became a dependency of the Great Lavra on Mount Athos, eventually passing into the hands of the Ottoman state early in the twelfth century. The monastery is mentioned for the last time early in the fourteenth century, whereafter all trace of it disappeared and confusion reigned as to its existence and its actual site until the twentieth century, when it was realised that what is now the parish church of Peristera was essentially the katholikon of the Byzantine monastery. On the basis of the life of St Euthymios the Younger, the few documents that mention the monastery, and the scant literature on the subject, this thesis seeks to recreate the history of the monastery in relation to the history of Peristera and the wider area from antiquity to the present day and to the life and personality of its founder and endower.

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