Unpublished Academic Literature

from the Department of Philology of the Faculty of Philosophy

of the

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki


Table of Contents


Plastiras, Constantinos: Literary Activity in Thessaloniki
The First Significant Formations (1897-1912)
, PhD 1998

313 pages

1850 is considered by many scholars as a milestone for the intellectual life of Thessaloniki, because of the establishment of the first Greek printing house in the city. This event had a significant impact on publishing activity, education and literature in Thessaloniki. A second milestone was the liberation of the city and its integration in the Greek state in 1912. Therefore, the present project is moving between these two poles, by describing and analyzing the literary action of Greek creators. Because of the long period that is being studied, the author focuses on the analytical description of the events that cover the period 1897-1912, while he records in brief the phenomena that are observed during the period 1850-1896. Sources of the project were publications by the authors of the period (press, periodicals, independent works), and any relevant news in the press about the figures and events of the era.

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Papasimakopoulou, Aphrodite: The Concept "Man" in Aristotle s Philosophy on Ethics and Politics, MA 2002

135 pages

The thesis begins with an introductory chapter, which is a comparative overview of the concept man  as it has been traced through relevant excerpts from Aristotle s biological and, in particular, zoological writings. The choice of excerpts that are being analyzed in the first part was based on the criterion of their conceptual relevance to the excerpts from Nicomachean Ethics, Eudemian Ethics and Politics, which will be the subject of study par excellence in the following chapters of the project. The second part of the study analyzes the same concept in relation to other animals. The first subsection of the second part discusses the animal nature of man and animalistic drives in man, while the second subsection examines those characteristics that are found only in human beings. The third and last part analyzes the conclusions that arise from the first two parts in relation to human nature, and traces their impact on Aristotle s political philosophy.

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Grigoriadi, Olympia: The Natural Motion of the Four Elements within the Framework
Of the Evolution of Aristotelian Theory
, MA 2002

47 pages

The present study focuses on the natural motion of the four elements within the framework of the evolution of the Aristotelian theory of motion. In the beginning, there is a short reference to the central position of the theory of the four elements in Aristotle s physics. Further down, the work presents in detail the early and mature theory of motion. The fifth chapter attempts to prove the continuity between the two Aristotelian theories of motion. The final conclusion of the study is that even in the early theory of motion, the genesis and deterioration in sublunar space and, consequently, the natural motion of the four elements, is caused directly by the concentric spheres, that is by the aether that is the main constituent of their "matter".

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Papatsimpas, Georgios: Fallacy in Aristotle. Study on the Aristotelian definition of Probability in Dialectic, Rhetoric, and Poetics. , PhD 1995

235 pages

The main directions of the present study include: the content of fallacy, the function of the various fallacies, the characteristics of the eristic method, the relation between fallacy and Sophistry, the differences between the Aristotelian and Platonic approach to the issue, and the problems posed by fallacy in linguistic communication. The author of the present study was driven to these issues through a Platonic approach to the phenomenon in Euthydemus. However, the present work has studied in depth the systematic description of the types of the concept fallacy  by Aristotle in his treatise On Sophistical Refutations . Through this work, the philosopher aimed at preparing his dialectics disciples in the Academy for any possibility in their discussions with their eristic rivals.

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Skourellos, Dimitris: Private Associations of Macedonia from the Hellenistic to the Later Imperial Era, MA 2002

240 pages

As we can understand from the 98 testimonies included in the present study, the private associations of Macedonia were a factor that shaped the social life of the region, at least in the Imperial Era, when the majority of these associations were active. The above sources include a total of 82 associations. Their terminology presents certain particularities compared to the terminology used in the eastern part of the empire. Concerning the various types of associations, a small minority are purely professional associations (7 out of 82), two of which are based in Philippi. The majority of associations are of a devotional character. Dionysian associations (18 in all) have a special place, while in Thessaloniki and Philippi one can find the majority of associations related to the cult of Egyptian gods and goddesses.

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Melista, Alexandra: Myth in Aristotle s Poetics, MA 1997

153 pages

The present study attempts to show that myth in Aristotle does not have a fixed negative meaning, but is a concept related to the effort of man to get to know beings. Then, the concept of mimesis is examined. The third chapter attempts to delineate the central position of myth in Poetics both from an ontological and from a historic perspective, until the end of a teleological process. The fourth, and last, chapter studies myth as tragedy, which is also examined as a process and condition. In the present work, in conclusion, myth attempts to form the basis of the foundation of poetry vis-a-vis rhetoric, philosophy, history, sophistry, dialectics, and science.

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Tataras, Nikolaos,“Alienation in the Poetry of Panos Thasitis: The Alienated Characters and their Manifestations” MA 1992

94 pp.

Born on Mytilini, Thasitis soon moved to Thessaloniki, where he still lives. Thasitis, Anagnostakis, and Kyrou were the three postwar Thessalonian poets who were distinguished for the political and social content of their poetry. The poetry of Thasitis, who is primarily a poet of fundamental issues of social inquiry, expresses his profound concern for postwar humanity, is possessed by a sense of responsibility for humankind’s departure from its goals and its dreams, and is distinguished by disenchantment with the unconditional submission and terrible metamorphosis of the human race. He struggles between feelings of defeat and victory, doubt and vindication. He strives to find the criteria for the guilt and the manifestations of his contemporaries’ alienation. Alienation is the overarching theme of Thasitis’s poetry. A term and a subject from existential philosophy, alienation intrigues the first postwar generation of poets, who stand out for the political and social character of their poetry, their stern criticism of the situations that have already developed in the present, and their presentation of the bitter traumatic experiences of the past. The three forms of alienation which preoccupy Thasitis are the subjects of the three parts of the thesis: the alien self, the compromised comrade, and alienated others, citizens and politicians.

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Roumkou, Eleni,“The Theatre through the Literary Periodicals of Thessaloniki, 1922–1987” MA 1992

79 pp., with an index of proper names and theatrical works

Nineteen periodicals published in Thessaloniki, covering the period 1922–87, with a permanent theatre column, notes, reviews of plays and critiques of actors, sometimes with excerpts from theatrical works, translations of foreign playwrights, or with, admittedly very few, special articles devoted to the theory of drama—these provide the material for this thesis. The periodicals produced in Thessaloniki convey the literary and artistic output and life of the city, and assemble, present, and promote new creators: poets and prose-writers. The theatre, however, whether as discourse or as action, concerns them scarcely at all. They include: literature: Makedonika Grammata (1922–4), Morfes (1936–8 and 1946–54), Kohlias (1945–8), Pyrsos, produced by the alumni of the Experimental School (1953–5), Nea Poreia (1955–85), Diagonios (1958–62, 1965–9, 1972–6, 1979–83), Kritiki (1959–61), Dialogos (1962–3), Ausblicke (1970–9), Rotonda (1970–1), Tram (1971–2), Ianos (1982–4); art: the bulletin of the Friends of the Theatre and Music Association (1952–3), I Tehni sti Thessaloniki (1956–67); philology, education, folklore: Filologos (1964–6, 1976–87), Epistimoniki Epetirida tis Filosofikis Skholis APTh (1927–84); student periodicals: Xekinima (1944), Ta Fititika Grammata (1955–9). Essentially, this is an index according to periodical, theatrical subject, and period.

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Habilomati, Panayota,“The Literary Periodical Tram: A Vehicle (1st Period: October 1971–April 1972)” MA 1998

87 pp., with an index of Greek and foreign names, contents of the five issues of the periodical’s first period, and an addendum on the identity of the periodical and the editors

The first part of the thesis makes a systematic, detailed presentation of the five issues of this Thessalonian periodical’s first period of publication. The writer examines the historical context (the Dictatorship in Greece), together with the new régime’s effects on the country’s intellectual life and the circulation of printed matter. She presents the periodical’s general characteristics (title, appearance, duration, frequency of publication, circulation, distribution and financial support, reprints, and critical reception; and comments on the layout and composition of the material, the profile of the material and the whole periodical, and the contributors. There is also a discussion of the judicial proceedings that put a stop to publication, as also the magnitude of the whole affair and the attitude of the press. The thesis concludes with an overview of the first publication period and a critical assessment.

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Symeonidis, Fotios“ Andreas Dimakoudis: An Athlete of Harsh Interior Combat” MA 1997

131 pp., with an appendix of 18 tables of excerpts from the book, 1 table of N. G. Pentzikis’s contributions to periodicals, and 1 chronological table for the period 1926–35

Far from attempting value judgements and literary criticism, this thesis offers an interpretation of N. G. Pentzikis’s 1935 novel Andreas Dimakoudis: A Young Man Alone, in an effort to detect the influence of existentialism in it. This is done without fragmenting the work or systematically hunting for the author’s influences and sources, but also without overlooking the overriding influence of Surrealism at that time, nor the powerful influence on contemporary Greek writers of Karyotakis and Romanticism. In the four chapters of Part One, the writer discusses the philosophy of Existentialism, the principles set forth by its chief exponents, and the themes that concerned them, and offers opinions on how Existentialist principles relate to Pentzikis and Dimakoudis. He also discusses factors or events which created a suitable climate for Existentialist views to develop in Greek literature between the wars. Part One concludes with a review of the rest of Pentzikis’s early work, when he was using the pen-name Stavrakios Kosmas. Part Two (three chapters and an addendum) looks at the text itself, the hero and his interior processes, and the part played by the other characters in Dimakoudis’s journey towards transcendence, his existential struggle, and his dialectical relationship with the world.

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Iatrou Maria“ The Time of the Lean Kine, by Dinos Christianopoulos: An Analysis of Intertextual Relationships”, PhD 1994

212 pp., with an addendum that includes the poems in the collection together with three from the 2nd edition that were not included in subsequent editions

The poems in The Time of the Lean Kine (1st ed. 1950; 9th ed. 1985), which are primarily on biblical themes, in fact have a dialogical relationship with earlier texts: five with the New Testament (Gospels, Epistles, Acts of the Apostles), two with the Old Testament, two with lives of saints, one refers to an ancient Greek tragedy, and one to C. P. Cavafy’s Ithaca (with which it shares its title). Only one has no direct connection with any other text MAking it a distinctive presence in the collection. In the first part of the thesis, the writer analyses the basic techniques by which the poems in the collection are produced from the earlier texts. In Part Two, she discusses other intertextual phenomena in the poems in the Lean Kine, such as plagiarism, quotation, and allusion. In Part Three, she traces the collection’s particular relationships with the poetry of Elliot and Cavafy and possibly Seferis, through such shared features as, principally, the dramatic aspect of the poems.

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Spenda, Chryssoula, “The Serres Periodical Serraika Grammata (1955–65)” MA 1998

77 unnumbered pages, contents, list of abbreviations, text, 33 pp. (+1 unnumbered) appendix

This thesis is in four chapters. The first gives a concise account of the most important events in the modern history of Serres from liberation in 1913 to the start of the military dictatorship in 1967. Special reference is made to the educational history of the town and the wider area in the period 1870–1941. Chapter Two outlines the publishing activities of the Serraian intellectuals, chiefly with regard to the literary periodicals between the end of the Second World War and 1965, when the last issue of Serraïka Grammata came out. Only very basic information is given about the periodicals other than Serraïka Grammata. Chapter Three makes a detailed presentation of Serraïka Grammata: details of its appearance, title, and format, the duration of its life, price and circulation figures, place of publication, printing-house, editor-in-chief and contributors; and also the guiding ideological principles behind the periodical. Chapter Four makes an issue-by-issue presentation of the periodical’s contents. The thesis concludes with an appendix of biographical sketches of the Serraian contributors to the periodical, indexes of contributors, proper names, translations, lectures, theatrical performances, exhibitions of paintings, newspapers, periodicals, and literary publications, as indexed from the issues of Serraïka Grammata.

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Mangou Mariana,“The Critical Reception Accorded to Zoe Karelli” MA 1998

261 pp. with an appendix of unpublished and amended poems, and prose works by Karelli published in various periodicals

Zoe Karelli, the pen-name of Chryssoula Argiriadou, née Pentziki, was an honorary doctor of the Faculty of Philosophy of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and one of the first Thessalonian poets to captivate the whole of Greece with her poetry. She was born in Thessaloniki in 1901, and died there on 16 July 1998. Her poetry, which won her great prestige as time went by, a veritable heritage for the future, is characterized by dramatic lines and existentially loaded content relating to the great questions of humanity and life, and is also imbued with a sense of hope. The first part of the thesis gives her literary biography, with the chronological order of the publication, reprints, and re-editions of her poems, prose works and essays, studies, and translations, whether as independent editions or in periodicals. The writer also presents the critical writings, in chronological order, relating to her poetry, plays, and essays. In Part Two, the main focus is on criticism of Karelli’s poetry, with more specific references. There is an analytical study both of the poetry collections and of the critiques that greeted them, which aims to create a strong, firm perception of the poetry of Zoë Karelli.

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Karadimitraki, Eleni, “Parenthetic Discourse in Manolis Anagnostakis’s Poems, 1941–1971” PhD 1997

302 pp. with two appendices on parenthetic discourse and the use of the comma in Anagnostakis’s poetry, a catalogue of his works, and a table of poems, names, and examples of his parenthetic discourse.

The term ‘parenthetic discourse’ refers to those parts of a text which the writer isolates from the context with parentheses, dashes, sometimes commas, or even without any punctuation marks at all. The point of the thesis is to shed as much light as possible on the form and function of parenthetic discourse in Poems, 1941–1971, as a contribution to a better understanding of this important aspect of Manolis Anagnostakis’s poetry. It also aspires to constitute the point of departure for a more systematic exploration of the phenomenon of parenthetic discourse in modern Greek literature. The first part of the thesis defines parenthetic discourse, comments on its function in literary texts, and discusses the relationship between punctuation and parenthetic discourse. The writer also examines the relationship between parenthetic discourse and context. In the next two parts of the thesis, the writer presents the parenthetic discourse in Poems, 1941–1971. More specifically, the second part looks at the external, visible features and the syntactic aspects and structures of parenthetic discourse, the punctuation that marks it off, and its extent. Part Three investigates the relationship of parenthetic discourse to the content and form of the rest of the text, whether it is part of a verse, or whether it extends throughout a whole verse or more than one verse, in which case the writer discusses whether it is in a paragraph that is integral to the rest of the poem or separate from it. The writer also looks at the length of the parenthetic discourse, whether or not it is in italics or differently spaced, whether it refers to part or all of the text, or to a word or a group of words, whether it has a completely independent function within the poem, and whether, lastly, it is an explanation, a comment, or simply some extra information within the poem. A total of 123 cases of parenthetic discourse are examined, in order of increasing complexity.

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Bagavos, Dimitris C., “The Genitive Singular of the Name in the Inscriptions of Thasos (7th– 3rd cent. BC): A Contribution to the Historical Morphology of the Ionic Dialect” MA 1990

99 pp.

This study aspires to make a contribution to research into the Ionic dialect of Thasos. For this purpose, and because inscriptions are the main source for the study of an ancient dialect, the writer has assembled a corpus of Thasian inscriptions on stone and has also collected and studied other epigraphical sources of the dialect of Thasos (such as amphora seals, coin inscriptions, engravings on vessels), which are not, however, included in this thesis. The dialect of Thasos, a Parian colony from the early seventh century bc, belongs to the Central Ionic dialect. Yet epigraphical data from the island attest the steady presence of Thracian names in the island’s inscriptions. Furthermore, the other sources suggest that Thracian tribes lived on the island before the Greeks. Apart from proper names, the Thracians left no other linguistic traces in the Ionic dialect of Thasos, nor, much less, did any other peoples who may have settled there earlier on. The introduction to the thesis discusses the place of Thasian Ionic within the whole Ionic dialectal group, mentions features of Thasian Ionic, and gives details of the chronological and geographical spread of the stone epigraphical sources that form the material for this study. The next two parts present the epigraphical evidence and data relating to the morphology of the genitive singular of the Thasian masculine and feminine names.

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Skaka, Evangeli,“The Life of Our Blessed Father Euthymios of Thessaloniki” MA 1996

95 pp., 2 unnumbered pp. of chronology and 7 tables of texts

The first edition of the Life of the Blessed Euthymios was published almost a century ago, bringing to light a major text for the study of Byzantine history. Since then, new manuscripts have appeared and many studies have been written on various issues raised by the text. The purpose of this thesis is to produce a new edition of the text of the saint’s life, together with a systematic study of the manuscript tradition based on the earliest manuscript, which the first editor was not able to consult. Skaka also looks at the latest research findings. The thesis discusses the author of the Life of Euthymios, gives his biography, presents the scholarly and the popular manuscript tradition that has come to light and the editions that have come out, together with a critical and annotated edition of the Life. The importance of the Life of the Blessed Euthymios lies in the fact that not only is it unquestionably one of the finest lives in Byzantine hagiography, but also, when tied in with information from other texts, it helps us to form a clearer picture of the spiritual and monastic life of Thessaloniki– the Empire’s second city after Constantinople – in the last quarter of the ninth century ad.

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Pladi Maria, M.,“A Phonological Analysis of the Idiom of Litohoro, Pieria Prefecture” MA 1996

175 pp.

Litohoro– a municipality in Pieria prefecture on the banks of the River Enipeas and in the foothills of Mount Olympus, on the Athens–Thessaloniki national highway – was founded early in the Ottoman period, probably by the inhabitants of a village that had been destroyed and probably on the site of earlier ruined settlements. The thesis offers a phonological analysis of the Litohoro idiom in the context of functional linguistics. It is an synchronic analysis and a hermeneutic approach to the Litohoro idiom, a study of the relations and the functions of the component units of the phonological system of the idiom. The introductory chapter gives some general historical data about the idiom, the sources of information, and the method of analysis. This is followed by a description of the phonemes (consonants, vowels, and diphthongs), which are then classified according to their function within the idiom; and the writer then goes on to examine the rules that govern the co-existence and the combinations of the phonemes, their distinctive features within the signifiers of the idiom, and other phenomena, such as prosody, for instance. The idiom of Litohoro is no longer spoken in its genuine form except by some very elderly people, and it has been profoundly influenced by modern Greek koine. The educational system, migration to other parts of the country, tourism, and proximity to the major urban center of Thessaloniki have all helped to change the speakers’ attitude to the idiom, giving them a sense of inferiority. The idiom is now unquestionably dying out, and the young people have only a passive knowledge of it, regarding it more or less as a museum piece.

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Kadas, Nikos S.,“The Literary Periodicals of Kavala (1958–1966)” MA 1994

126 pp. with 2 appendices, one concerning the identity of the periodical Erevna, which is not included in the main body of the thesis, and the other the critical reception accorded the periodicals under discussion

More than books and more than brochures, it is its periodicals that offer a direct introduction to the life of a city, to the cultural or other situation in all sectors. Although Kavala has experienced a distortion of its historical profile in the second half of the twentieth century, together with economic decline and the concomitant social changes, it may nonetheless claim a place among the Greek cities with a distinguished literary profile. Increasing numbers of, perhaps short-lived, yet nonetheless noteworthy periodicals are being published, with a purely literary orientation. This thesis aspires to fill a gap in the study of Kavala’s literary history, namely the literary periodicals. The writer discusses three periodicals that were published up to 1967: 9 Odi (1958–60), Argo (1962), and Skapti Ili (1965–6). Each one is the subject of a separate chapter: a few words about the publication, its form, its aims, the contributors, and the career of the periodical are followed by three tables– of names indexed from the pages of the periodical in question (apart from the contributors), of the contents of each issue, and of the contents by author (whether Greek or translated). The presentation of the three periodicals is preceded by an introductory chapter concerning cultural and publishing activity in Kavala in the interwar period and after the war until 1958, which is probably when cultural activity in Kavala really took off under the aegis of the already established Association of Friends of Literature and the Arts. The thesis concludes with an overall assessment of what the periodicals have contributed to the cultural life of Kavala and their place in Greek literary activity and production.

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Sehidou, Irini,“The Indirect Borrowings of the Dendropotamos Gypsy Dialect from Greek in the Context of Balkan Isosemy” MA 1998

98 pp.

One major change with regard to the contact between the Balkan Gypsy dialects and other languages in the last few decades is that they are experiencing one-way linguistic influences, namely from just one dominant national language, which is the language of the country of which the Gypsy speakers of the dialects are permanent residents and citizens. These changes affect the nature of the borrowing from both a linguistic and a social point of view. In contrast to the linguistic assimilation of the Gypsy populations in Western and Central Europe, the conservative dialects of the Balkans adapt to new social circumstances through processes of indirect borrowing. This thesis presents the indirect Balkan borrowings in the Gypsy dialect spoken in Dendropotamos: the older Balkan borrowings and the more recent Greek ones. In four chapters, the writer explains the phenomenon of borrowing between languages that are in contact, presents the features of the Dendropotamos dialect, and analyses the borrowings in the dialect according to part of speech and how they are acquired and created within the dialect (simple, translated, semantic loans, etc.).

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Sarris, Vassilios, “The Literary Character of ‘The Fall of Thessaloniki’ by Archbishop Eustathios (An Approach Based on the Aristotelian View)” MA 1997

105 pp.

This piece of writing by Eustathios, philologist, saint, and Archbishop of Thessaloniki, concerns the conquest of Thessaloniki by the Normans of Sicily in 1185. It was published in Thessaloniki at the end of February 1186, and, apart from the fall of the city, also refers to other events in the reign of Anronikos Komnenos. Essentially, it is the fundamental source for the account of the years 1180–5 in Niketas Choniates’s Chronike Historia. A celebrated philologist and commentator on the Homeric epics, Eustathios wrote a work of unparalleled historical value, not only for the events he recounts, but also for everyday life in the Byzantine Empire and, above all, for questions relating to the history of the city (society, language, culture) and the Church of Thessaloniki. However, its historical side is only one aspect of The Fall. A work also of exceptional literary merit, it describes the events of the conquest very naturalistically, with considerable interplay in the narrative, with stylistic variety, and inspired by classicism. Having made a profound study of ancient Greek poetry, and being extremely knowledgeable about poetics, Eustathios uses terms and rules of, chiefly narrative, poetry that had been lost for centuries. The thesis seeks to give a well-substantiated answer to the problem of the general character of Eustathios’s writing, as also to the issue of the whole of the historiographical output of Byzantium, addressing the question of whether it constitutes history or literature. Following the rules of Aristotle’s treatise On Poetics, an authoritative and systematic code of the principles and function of ancient Greek poetry, the first part of the thesis seeks to locate the presence of mythos (plot) in the text under examination, investigating the Aristotelian principles of ‘entirety’, ‘logical coherence’, ‘unity’, and ‘magnitude’. The writer’s conclusion is that in The Fall of Thessaloniki, history and literature are both present in a skillfully written text which treats the historical material by following the principles of literary elaboration as set forth in the ancient Greek poetic tradition (and codified in Aristotelian theory). The second part seeks to offer some elucidation of the tragic nature of the work, examining the significance of the terms pathos and pathainomenos for the text and its author. The addendum seeks to explain the relationship of Eustathios’s account with rhetoric and poetry, the two literary genres of antiquity. Eustathios composes, he does not simply recount: he writes in the same tense as the events; not from a distance, but as part of the developments, giving his narrative a tragic and anti-heroic aspect by eliciting the corresponding emotions.

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Markopoulos, Thanassis: The Poems of Nikos-Alexis Aslanoglou, with an Annotated Critical Commentary, List of Works, and List of Critiques, MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1994.

196 pp. with an addendum (biographical note, list of works, comments and reviews of Aslanoglou’s work)

A number of poets have repudiated part of their œuvre; but rarely do they intervene in their already published works or add new poems to collections that were created in different historical or personal circumstances. Born in Thessaloniki in 1931 into a bourgeois family of Asia Minor origin, a sound connoisseur of French literature, closely allied with Thessalonian publishing houses and periodicals, and one of the first champions of existentialism in Greece, Nikos-Alexis Aslanoglou freely removes whole poems or adds new ones to re-editions of his works, and he even removes or adds lines, phrases, or words to poems that have already been published. It is his urgent quest for perfection that leads him to deprecate both the historical aspect and the biographical context of his poems. It is a kind of strange critical edition, in which the object of inquiry is not the original text, which one could restore by comparing its various traditions, but the very fact of identifying the changes, because the original, albeit fleetingly, is given in the most recent version of the work each time. However, though it has not gone unnoticed, this feature, which causes problems for those who would like to study his development as a poet in depth and possibly violates the historical testimony of the texts, has not attracted critics’ close attention. This thesis takes as its basis the collected edition of poems titled The Difficult Death (1978; 5th ed. 1985) and the separate collections Odes to the Prince (2nd ed 1991) and Three Poems (1987). The poems which the writer investigates start from 1952 with the polygraph edition of the ‘one-act symphonic poem’ Sea and Simultaneity; and he also takes into account first editions of poems in literary periodicals (as many as he could find), independent editions of collections, and the collected works of 1970 and 1978. In his critical notes he lists the omissions, replacements, and additions of letters and words, phrases and lines. The thesis is in three parts (with an introduction, list of abbreviations, and an addendum), and makes an initial approach to the changes in Aslanoglou’s poems. This is followed by the texts themselves, i.e. all Aslanoglou’s poems in their final form and annotated, and then by two small groups: the poems which appear in the separate collections but are omitted from the collected works of 1978; and the poems which were published once in periodicals but never again.

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Evangelinou, Nadia G.: I. Modern Greek Plays Staged by the State Theatre of Northern Greece (1961—1992); II. I. Kambanellis at the State Theatre of Northern Greece, MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1993.

178 unnumbered pp., with tables of the plays by chronological period and theatrical genre, and indexes of authors, stage directors, stage designers, musicians, choreographers, and theatrical works

The aim of this thesis is to record all the information produced by an attempt to collect all the material relating to the modern Greek plays staged by the State Theatre of Northern Greece between 1961 and 1992 (31 seasons in all). The list of 124 performances of modern Greek works (out of a total of 375 performances in all) in this period is in chronological order and accompanied by tables and indexes. The writer does not aspire to do anything more than give the details of the performances. Apart from a brief introduction to the subject, with a few comments on the number of performances and works, there is no closer examination, observation, evaluation, or conclusion. The main body of the thesis is supplemented by Part Two, which is a presentation of the performances of four works by Kambanellis at the State Theatre of Northern Greece, and includes the relevant reviews.

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Efstathiou, Athanassios A.: The Language of the ‘Occasional Homilies’ of Isidore Glabas, Archbishop of Thessaloniki (1380—1396), MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1994.

140 pp. + XLI pp. index of words, expressions, and terms (parts) of speech as encountered in the homilies

The purpose of this thesis is to discuss basic aspects of the language of Isidore Glabas. As reference texts, the writer has selected four published ‘Occasional Homilies’ of the Archbishop of Thessaloniki. They are in an Atticising style and belong in the category of ecclesiastical oratory, which is why this study of their language was conducted with reference to the Classical models (Aeschines, Demosthenes, Isocrates) and the views of Aristotle (Rhetoric), Demetrius (On Style), and other teachers of rhetoric of the Classical and post-Classical era. The writer is clearly aware that the forensic or political discourse of the fourth century bc and an ecclesiastical discourse of the fourteenth century ad are two entirely different things; but the genre, oratory, remains common to both, as does the use of rhetorical figures, which do not change much as regards their typology, despite the gap in time. It is only in the use of the otherwise common rhetorical figures that significant differences are found: the pompous language of the fourteenth century ad also led to hyperbole in the use of rhetorical figures.

Probably born in Thessaloniki in 1342, Isidore Glabas became a monk in 1375 and ascended the archiepiscopal throne of Thessaloniki in 1380, where he remained until his death in 1396, with a short break when he was dethroned between 1384 and 1386. He was one of Gregory Palamas’s Hesychasts. His homilies reveal that he had a profound knowledge of theological and classical literature. He frequently quotes from the Scriptures and the Church Fathers, notably Gregory of Nazianzus, Basil the Great, John Chrysostom, John of Damascus, Nicholas Cabasilas, and the theologians of the fourteenth century. His Occasional Homilies concern topical subjects, which he puts in their theological and moral context. The four which form the basis of this study are, in the chronological order in which they were delivered:

  • The homily delivered when he was enthroned, probably in the summer of 1380, concerning the ecclesiastical and social unity of the flock, which had been sorely tried by Hesychastic disputes, Zealots, strife between rich and poor, and the disquieting phenomenon of intermarriage with adherents of other religions.
  • The homily delivered at the end of summer 1380, concerning the moral instability of humanity in comparison with the steadfastness of other creatures, and, again, marriage between Christians and adherents of other religions and impious people.
  • The homily delivered in the autumn of 1380, which is connected with the first two and concerns the alienation of humanity from God and from fellow humans because of hatred, and communion with God and fellow humans through love.
  • The homily delivered on the first Sunday in Lent, 28 February 1395, concerning the order for the ‘tribute of children’ issued by the amir Bayazet I, who was occupying Thessaloniki at that time.

The three basic chapters of the thesis concern: i) the vocabulary of the Archbishop’s homilies (compound words, abstract nouns, use of the infinitive, participles with an article, periphrases, and so on), in which he follows the classical models and the Attic dialect, showing a clear tendency to use these increasingly, though the words themselves come from theological and patristic literature, not from the ancient classics; ii) the rhetorical figures, illustrated by lengthy quotations from the homilies, lexical figures balancing or unbalancing preceding or following words, intellectual figures, figures of speech typical of Attic syntax, figures relating to meaning (metaphor, simile, personification, and so on), figures based on the syntactical sequence of the terms (transposition, chiasmus, and so on); and iii) the sentence structure of the homilies, the way Glabas develops his sentences in twinned figures (antithesis, apposition and epexegesis, simile and comparison, and diaeresis), his long sentences, and word order. The linguistic and rhetorical preferences uncovered by this study of the Homilies show how closely Glabas’s language is related to the norm of Attic discourse. Both his style and the quotations he uses in his homilies show that he was well acquainted with the ancient Greek writers and used them appropriately. But he makes much greater use of biblical and patristic passages, from which he takes his vocabulary. All the same, such an assiduous, unerring discourse would probably have been very little understood by his non-scholarly congregation, who would have been unable to follow his long sentences and complex rehetorical figures. The orations of Gregory Palamas are equally difficult. But one would suppose that in both cases, such a difficult text would not have been delivered in precisely this form before the congregation, but rather a different, oral form would have touched the soul of the congregation in the vernacular.

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Sioutis, S. C.: The Later Adaptation of the Novel of Alexander the Great According to the Constantinople Codex, MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.

LXVI pp. introduction and 113 pp. text with three tables, indexes of proper names, principal words, and grammatical phenomena The life of Alexander the Great was an object of great enthusiasm even in his own time. His great feats linked his name with all that was supernatural and unfeasible. The novel by Pseudo-Callisthenes is a typical example of the way in which imagination and myth blend with historical fact (which latter is limited to a few names of people and places). Despite its fictitious accounts, the novel managed to keep its hero’s memory alive and was one of the best loved popular stories, widely distributed in the years that followed in the form of numerous adaptations, editions, and re-editions. This thesis essentially publishes the seventeenth-century Constantinople Codex (Constantinopolitanus 61), which contains the full text of a later adaptation of the novel (adaptation C). In the ten parts of the introductory chapter, the writer gives information about the adaptations of the novel of Alexander the Great from the ancient period to mediaeval/Byzantine and later times; describes the external features and the content of the Constantinople Codex, and its prose adaptation of the novel; dates the Codex (to between 1521 and 1640); compares its content with the text of the other adaptations to give a complete picture of the form of the text in the last period of its manuscript tradition, a period which was closely connected with the situation and the aspirations of the enslaved Hellenic nation under Ottoman rule. The writer also gives details of the language of this adaptation, in which scholarly and vernacular forms co-exist with a strong thread of archaism; and he explains his own editorial principles. There follows the text of the codex, which completes the series of editions of the later adaptations of the novel of Alexander the Great.

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Chrysostomou, Yeoryos C., Archimandrite: The Hymnographer Yerassimos Mikrayannanitis, Monk, and His Services for Thessalonian Saints: A Contribution to the Study of His Work, Ph.D. thesis, Thessaloniki 1994.

398 pp. with an addendum of the hymnographer’s unpublished works, correspondence, advice to his spiritual children, and documents of awards and citations

Possibly the most accomplished modern hymnographer of the Orthodox Church, Anastassios-Athanassios Graikas was born in 1905 in Droviani, in the province of Delvino, Northern Epirus. On leaving Department in 1919, he joined his father in Greece (Piraeus and Athens). In 1923, he made his way to Mount Athos and became a novice in the Skete of Little St Anne, in the kelli of St John the Baptist, where he settled permanently, distinguished for his obedience and humility. He died on 6 December 1991. Yerassimos Mikrayannanitis was one of those rare hymnographers most of whose work has been used immediately in the liturgical life of the Church. His work has been associated with the establishment of new church festivals and the official recognition of many new saints. His hymnographical œuvre is characterised, among other things, by a high standard of language and the rare and original form of his ecclesiastical poetry. Great in quantity and impressive in quality, his œuvre has not been systematically studied from the point of view of its manuscripts, its style, its language, its rhythmic and tonal qualities, its hagiological data, its sources, and its influences. Not enough emphasis has been laid on Yerassimos’s attitude towards Byzantine hymnography, his respect for the work of his predecessors, his dedication to the hymnographical tradition of the Orthodox Church. The services of Thessalonian saints were selected from his vast œuvre for three reasons: the large number of the services facilitates a broad study of various aspects of his hymnography. The Thessalonian saints represent all the‘classes of saints’, men, women, children, the aged, apostles and isapostolics, martyrs and neomartyrs, the blessed, confessors, and hierarchs. And lastly, chronologically they cover the whole spectrum of Yerassimos’s hymnographical output, so that a study of them is a study of the most representative sample of his work.

The first part of the thesis, which follows the abbreviations of the extensive bibliography, presents Yerassimos’s life and, in general terms, hymnographical work in two chapters. The biography is exhaustive, many errors and misconceptions in the sources, both written and oral, are rectified, and his time on Mount Athos, where he also distinguished himself as a monk, is covered here for the first time. The second chapter of Part One examines Yerassimos the hymnographer: an assiduous description of his manuscript work (how he composed, materials, manuscript codices, numbering, editions, translations). In Part Two, again in two chapters, the writer examines the Thessalonian saints and the services which Yerassimos wrote in their honour, looking at the subject in two ways, by type of service and by saint. The second chapter in this part is devoted to Yerassimos’s writing technique, his language, style, figures of speech in detail, his poetry, the rhythmic and tonal qualities of the hymns and services, his literary principles and poetic virtues. In the concluding section, the writer notes Yerassimos’s relationship with earlier hymnography and his adherence to or liberation from that tradition.

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Varelas, Lambros: The Attitude to Literary and Intellectual Movements in the Greek Provinces (1929—40): Historical and Literary Issues Regarding Modern Greek Literature, Ph.D. thesis, Thessaloniki 1997.

297 pp.

The purpose of this study is not to conduct an exhaustive, analytical investigation of the literary output of the Greek provinces in the 1930s. It focuses on the interest shown in this period by the scholars in the capital in the literary activity and output of the provinces and their general advancement. On the basis of the frequent articles on provincial intellectual life and literary activity written initially by Athenian scholars and soon thereafter also by provincial scholars and literary writers, the thesis examines the factors which prompted this article-writing and the stages it passed through, and also the effects it had. It was in the fourth decade of the twentieth century that, generally speaking, the Greek nation came together within the borders of the Greek state. So the interest of the journalistic and literary world in the Greek provinces manifested itself quite intensely. By‘provinces’ is meant here the whole of the Greek world outside the capital, just as the Athenian scholars of that time understood it. For this reason, the thesis also makes references to the Greeks on the other side of the border, as also to those in the eastern diaspora (Cyprus, the Dodecanese, Alexandria, and Constantinople). The material is divided into three chapters. Chapter One presents the debate on invigorating provincial intellectual life viewed from a historical perspective, with the relevant events presented in chronological order, starting with the case of Fotos Politis in the early 1930s until the end of 1940, with other scholarly critics and writers (Haris, Zoras, Pappas, Skarimbas) interpolated in the debate. Chapter Two isolates the arguments that relate exclusively to the literary output of provincial writers: prejudices of, and reception by, the critics in the capital, reactions of the provincial writers, their mutual influences, and the more general influence of the Metaxas regime. In Chapter Three, interest is focused on the literary periodicals and the literary pages in the provincial newspapers: Athenian criticism of the subject matter and the progress of a provincial literary periodical, the reactions in the provincial area concerned, the adaptation of the major literary periodicals of Athens to the givens presented by the provincial periodicals, and the general invigoration of provincial intellectual life in an effort to attract the provincial public. The thesis ends with some general conclusions and three exceptional addenda relating to literary output in the provinces in the 1930s. The first gives a year-by-year account of literary books, translations, and philological and critical studies produced in provincial towns, by Greeks on the other side of the border and in the diaspora, and publications by well-known provincial writers in Athens. The second gives a year-by-year alphabetical list of the literary and semi-literary periodicals that were circulating in Greece between 1929 and 1940. The third addendum contains, as a special category of periodical publications, the albums and calendars produced in the Greek provinces in the same period. As required by the perspective of the thesis, there are sporadic references throughout to literary and publishing activity in Macedonia (Thessaloniki, Kavala, Halkidiki, Drama, Serres, Kozani, Kastoria, Florina, Veria, and elsewhere, literary publications, translations and critiques, periodicals, newspapers, and calendars).

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Hadzisavvidis, Sofronis A.: A Phonological Analysis of the Pontic Dialect (the Matsouka Idiom), Ph.D. thesis, Thessaloniki 1985.

196 pp. and 3 maps

The thesis makes a phonological analysis of that form of the Pontic dialect which is spoken today in Greece by people from the areas of Matsouka and Galiena in the Pontus, just south of Trabzon. This idiom was selected because it has been maintained quite well, is spoken by a number of Ponts, and is the Pontic idiom that has been least influenced by Turkish and Turkish dialects. Linguistic material and other sociological and historical data were collected from villages inhabited by refugees who still use the idiom and offered a certain homogeneity in the material and a satisfactory level of maintenance of the idiom: 2 villages in Drama prefecture, 5 in Kavala prefecture, 4 in Serres prefecture, 12 in Kilkis prefecture, 11 in Thessaloniki prefecture, 4 in Pieria prefecture, 6 in Florina prefecture, 2 in Kastoria prefecture, 5 in Imathia prefecture, 10 in Kozani prefecture, and 2 outside Macedonia, in Preveza prefecture. The closer study of the idiom, however, focuses on the material offered by users in the community of Rodohori in Imathia prefecture, and Mavrorahi and Drakondio in Thessaloniki prefecture, because all three are cut off from the linguistic influences of modern Greek, all the inhabitants are of Pontic descent and with few exceptions come from the same area of the Pontus, no groups of non-Pontic inhabitants have ever settled in these villages, and the inhabitants are engaged in more or less the same occupations as in their place of origin (agriculture and stockbreeding). Although there is no direct contact between the three villages, the people nonetheless all speak the same idiom. The lengthy introduction gives general linguistic and historical data about the Pontic Greeks from antiquity until the exchange of populations up to the present day, the methodological rules, and the choices that determined the research and the analysis of the idiom in question. The following seven parts of the thesis present the phonological analysis of the idiom: consonants and consonantal phonemes, consonantal clusters, vowels, vowel clusters and combinations of vowels with consonants, syllables, prosody, and so on.

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Kodzia-Pandeli, P.: The ‘Purpose’ of Aristotle’s Categories: A Contribution to the History of Aristotelian Studies until the Sixth Century, Ph.D. thesis, Thessaloniki 1991.

238 pp.

The Categories has been read, translated, and commented upon more than any other work in the Aristotelian corpus. It is the aim of this thesis to present and evaluate, on the basis of the sources, part of the history of the exegesis of the Categories up to the sixth century. The Categories is the first work in the Organon,, a title under which Aristotle’s so-called logical treatises were collected, probably by Andronicus of Rhodes, as a specific ‘class’. Apart from the Categories, these were, On interpretation, Prior analytics, Posterior analytics, Topics, and Refutations in the manner of the sophists. Interest in the Categories has remained undiminished from the imperial period to the present day. It was taught in the great educational centres of imperial Rome, and also in the Catholic West later on, when it was translated into Latin, together with On interpretation, in the twelfth century. The Categories was the target of criticism and even polemics from all sides, the main problem (posed by the disquisition itself) being its subject: what is it that is being classified in the ten categories, words, things, or concepts? Untypically, Aristotle does not define his subject, and his wording leaves it unclear whether he is talking about ‘things’ or the ways in which they are expressed. Of the numerous Greek commentaries on the Categories, only seven survive today: by Porphyrius, Dexippus, Ammonius, Ioannes Philoponus, Simplicius, Olympiodorus, and Elias—all Neoplatonic commentaries from the period between the third and the sixth century ad. They reflect the history of the exegesis of the Categories and give information about, evidence of, and above all excerpts from commentaries that are now lost. The exposition of the ‘purpose’ of the Categories in the surviving Neoplatonic commentaries reveals, albeit fragmentarily, the story of the controversy over this problem. The aim of the thesis is to examine what each of the commentaries has to say about the subject of the Categories, to determine their mutual relations, and to verify the credibility of the information on the subject given by the commentators whose works no longer survive. As the material does not allow a proper reconstruction of these commentators’ opinions, the best that can be done is to draw certain conclusions, which are not necessarily baseless. The thesis concludes with an addendum which discusses two works on the Categories, which come from the period under examination but are not written by Neoplatonists: Pseudo-Archytas and Augustinus.

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Flytouris, Efthymios: Pseudo-Callisthenes: The Mediaeval Greek Prose Adaptation of the Novel about Alexander the Great According to the Meteora Codex, M.A. thesis, Thessaloniki 1990.

86 pp. with tables of vocabulary and proper names, the text divided into chapters and with line numbering, a comparison of the texts of various adaptations, and excerpts from adaptations

Many texts are attributed to Pseudo-Callisthenes, and they cover a wide span of time ranging from the third century bc to the sixteenth century ad. Their interest lies in the copious historical and mythological data they preserve. The language of the texts is also interesting with regard to the development of the modern Greek language. This thesis is based on an unpublished text in MSΠ 400 of the Monastery of the Transfiguration at Meteora. It begins with a brief introduction to the general historical and philological background of the text, with a discussion of how the novel relates, as a source for the life and work of Alexander the Great, to the actual historical tradition. Callisthenes, a nephew of Aristotle, was a member of Alexander’s retinue and had undertaken to keep the campaign log. Only a few fragments survive of his actual work. His name was used by the first author of the novel of Alexander the Great, which circulated widely. Pseudo-Callisthenes wrote his work in the third century bc, after which it underwent various adaptations and editions. The Meteora manuscript specifically preserves a form of the text from the last production period, and is precisely dated to 27 July 1640. The thesis examines and evaluates the text from two points of view: the completeness of the contents in relation to other adaptations; and its distinctive linguistic features, in an effort to identify developments in the Greek language over time. The writer describes the manuscript codex, lists its contents, compares content and language with other adaptations, and comments on vocabulary (phonetics, syntax, and morphology).

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