Unpublished Academic Literature

from the Department of History and Archaeology of the Faculty of Philosophy

of the

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Table of Contents

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Giota, Maria K.: The Truth about Thessaloniki and the Young Turk Movement,Thessaloniki 1999

95 pages

The present dissertation discusses the attitude of the Greeks of Macedonia to the Young Turk movement as it is presented in the Thessaloniki newspaper "Alitheia / Nea Alitheia" [Truth / New Truth] (July 1908-September 1911). The specific newspaper with a strong national pulse aims at uniting all Greeks against the Bulgarians. Under the strong anti-Bulgarian spirit that characterized the paper, we can decipher its genuine friendly feeling toward the Ottoman Empire, which were maintained even after the Greek-Bulgarian rapprochement. However, beyond this ideological orientation of the newspaper, its pages also render the ideological confusion of the Greeks of the Ottoman Empire during the Young Turk regime, when they are called upon to decide whether they will support the Young Turks or join the other ethnic groups of the empire so that they are united with their national centre.

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Chaidia, Eleni: Collaborationism in Macedonia: The Minutes from the Collaborators' Trials (1945-1946),Thessaloniki 1995

123 pages

This is a study on the fate that postwar Greece reserved for the collaborators with the three conquerors. The dissertation was based on the study of the minutes from the trials that were held at the Special Court of Thessaloniki during the years 1945-1949, from which we focus only on the trials of the years 1945-1946. Since this is a very sensitive issue, and in order to avoid any criticism, the author often resorts to statistical tables, while trials are presented without any commentary, thus allowing the reader to reach his/her own conclusions.

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Kallaniotis, Athanasios: The Beginnings of Resistance in Western Macedonia (1941-1943),Thessaloniki 2000

109 pages
Annex which includes a map of Western Macedonia, a number of personal interviews, diagrams with the power of the Greek Communist Party in the regions of Western Macedonia.

This study aims at showing that the struggle of the People's Liberation Army (ELAS) in Western Macedonia was actually imported from Thessaly, and its future was determined by the strict orders-instructions issued by thy Greek Communist Party (KKE). In order to complete this project, the author apart from the necessary bibliography and the newspapers of the German Occupation period, resorted to the General State Archives, the Archives of Contemporary History, and the archives of the Military History Directorate. The dissertation ends with a number of personal testimonies by the leading figures of this case.

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Kantas, Nikos: Employment Problems and the Tobacco-Workers' Mobilizations in the Midwar Period,Thessaloniki 1994

77 pages

The present dissertation attempts a clear presentation of the problems, struggles, and transformation of the working class in Kavala under the on-going processes of technological development, international trade pressures, the economic crisis, and readjustments in the agricultural community. It covers the years from 1922 to 1936, and more specifically the period 1926-1936. Information on the issue is provided by the Kavala press of the period. Moreover, the author of the present study goes beyond a discussion of the workers' mobilizations in the period, and gives a more general idea of the overall problems faced by the tobacco workers.

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Panagiotopoulou, Marilina: The Kromnaioi Association in Kalamaria,Thessaloniki 1984

121 pages
Annex with statistical tables, statutes of association, maps and photographs.

The first part of this study presents the history and action of the former Kromni Society, its objectives and the reasons that led to its establishment, as well as the services it provided in the social and educational field. In the second chapter, the reader is informed in detail about the activities of the Kromnaioi Association in Kalamaria, relations between the members and the other refugees and locals, and its contribution to the economic, intellectual, and cultural development of the area. Through the study of a variety of events organized by the association, one can easily draw the conclusion that the objective of this association is to perpetuate the Pontic conscience and the Pontic idea.

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Lyvanios, Dimitris: The Macedonia of the Communists
Aspects of the Policy of the Greek Communist Party (KKE) and the Yugoslav Communist Party on the Macedonian Question during the Midwar Period (1918-1940)
,Thessaloniki 1991

88 pages

This dissertation aims to explore the conflict caused between the communist parties of the Balkans over the Macedonian Question. More specifically, it discusses the stance of the Greek and the Yugoslav Communist Parties in relation to the issue of Macedonia, as it emerges from the national and political particularities of the two countries. The role of the Bulgarian Communist Party and the policy of the Third International (Comintern) complete the study, thus enabling the reader to understand the overall political scene in which the communist parties of the period moved. Based on the above, the present work attempts to define and evaluate intra-party and outside factors that finally pushed the Greek and Yugoslav Communist Parties to adopt a common foreign policy on the Macedonian Question during the midwar years.

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Kiropoiou, Constantina: The Greek Subconsulate of Kavala during the Period 1879-1913.
Aspects of the History of Kavala Based on the Consulate Correspondence.
The Macedonian Question and the Role of the Subconsulate.
,Thessaloniki 1999

77 pages

This work studies certain basic aspects of the history of Kavala during the period 1897-1913, as they emerge through the correspondence of the town Subconsulate. The same source is used in order to explore the Macedonian Question during the same period. The subconsulate correspondence is sent to the Greek Foreign Ministry, a very important receiver, which was the superior authority of the subconsulate. Nevertheless, there are also documents sent to the Greek Consulate of Thessaloniki, the Greek Embassy in Istanbul, the Holy Metropolis of Drama, and the Greek Embassy in London. However, a number of years are not covered by the consulate correspondence (1882, 1892, 1897-1898, 1901, 1904, 1911). For these years, the dissertation resorts to bibliographic material.

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Kouroupi, Anastasia: "Hit by the Partisans": A Contribution to the Social History of Western Macedonia,Thessaloniki 2001

80 pages

Following the historic framework of the civil war, which analyzes the events that led to this war, the phenomenon of white terrorism, the outbreak of the war and the cleansing operations of the military, the dissertation attempts to explore the movements of populations that are observed in this period, and establish the reasons that led certain groups of people to the decision to move, as well as the magnitude and conditions of these movements. Later, the dissertation discusses the translocation of the Western Macedonia refugees, quoting tables which present in detail the places of origin and settlement of refugees, and specific figures. The second part of the study closes with the conditions of settlement and housing problems refugees faced, their housing premises in Thessaloniki, their living conditions, and employment issues. The third part discusses efforts for the repatriation of refugees, while the fourth, and last, chapter examines the consequences these population movements had on Greek society.

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Panahi, Seyyed Mohammad Tagi Shariat: Aspects of the Administration of Thessaloniki Kaza during the First Years of the Rusian-Turkish War (1768-1774), according to the Ecclesiastic-Judicial Code of the Historic Archive of Macedonia no. 118,Thessaloniki 1998

90 pages
Annex which includes 54 tables referring to tax percentages of the Kaza of Thessaloniki.

The present dissertation attempts a study of the Kaza of Thessaloniki during the 18th century, and more specifically during the period of the Russian-Ottoman war (1768-1774). The first part presents a brief overview of the war events, and the consequences for the city of Thessaloniki. Then, the author presents the overall administrative and military organization of the empire, as well as the organization of the Kaza of Thessaloniki in the 18th century. The third chapter attempts a "grouping" of the city residents based on their living conditions, their employment, and religion. The following two chapters make a brief reference to the systems of Timaria and Vakoufia (feud and monastery property), while the sixth chapter presents in detail regular and extraordinary taxes and the contribution of the Kaza of Thessaloniki to them. Finally, the last two chapters discuss the leasing system (Muqataa) and its function at the santzaki (administrative division) of the city, and the system of the mandatory selling of the residents' products to the Ottoman state (Mubaya).

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Rizaleos, Vasilis: The Jewish Community of Drama from the Mid-19th century to the Holocaust,Thessaloniki 1999

148 pages

The dissertation aims to reconstruct the historic presence of the Jewish element in the town of Drama and the broader region from the mid-19th century to March 1943, year of the mass exterminations and displacements of Jews to the concentration camps of Poland. The work attempts to explore the social, political, and economic role of the Jewish community of the region, compare it to the other communities of Macedonia, and at the same time study the action of all the Jews in the new and constantly changing conditions. At the end, the author analyzes the reasons of the displacement of the Drama Jews by the Bulgarian occupation forces in 1943, exploring at the same time if the fate of the Jews of the region is connected to the fate of the other Jews in Eastern Macedonia and Thrace.

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Peristeropoulos, Theodoros: Spanish Policy and Sephardic Jews: The Case of the Sephardic Community of Thessaloniki (1912-1930),Thessaloniki 1999

135 pages

Based on an analysis of the Spanish policy and the issue of Sephardic Jews, the present dissertation focuses on the Sephardic Jewish community of Thessaloniki, starting from 1942, and the Decree for their expulsion, to the period after 1930. The first chapter refers to Spanish policy in relation to Sephardic Jews during the period from the mid-19th century to 1912, while the following chapter studies the political results of the pro-Jew mobilisation. The third chapter refers to official and individual initiatives for the rapprochement of Sephardic Jews. The following chapter discusses the views of Spanish diplomats concerning the rapprochement and the ideological orientations of the Sephardic Jewish community of Thessaloniki. The last chapter studies the attitude of Sephardic Jews toward Sepharad.

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Stavridou, Agne: Vogatsiko: History and Folklore. An Approach from the Perspective of Oral History,Thessaloniki 1991

114 pages
It includes a detailed list of sources and rich photographic material of Vogatsiko.

The dissertation, based on oral testimonies of the residents of Vogatsiko, aims to bring to life the history of the period and the daily life of its residents. The narratives of the locals, which are quoted throughout the study, refer to the establishment of Vogatsiko, former historic events, and the way of life in previous periods as they heard it narrated by their grandparents or as they experienced it themselves. At the same time, there is a reference to the overall historic framework of the period and historic events in the form they are found in archive sources.

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Skondras, Constantinos: Northern Macedonia: Population and Education from the Late 18th Century to 1870,Thessaloniki 1998

161 pages
Annex with tables and maps.

The dissertation is divided into two sections. The first explores the composition of the population and education in the region of Macedonia. The various problems we face in registering the population groups of the region, their movements, the seasonal and permanent immigration are also discussed in the first part. The second section describes the cultural, educational, and ideological conditions that prevailed in the broader Balkans during the period under study, which is followed by a detailed discussion of educational activity in Northern Macedonia. This activity is divided into two parts: the part that focuses on the Kaza and the city in general, and the part that focuses on schools, teachers, students and the school curriculum.

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Tsekou-Patsia, Ekaterini: Third Bulgarian Occupation of Kavala (1941-1944),Thessaloniki 1995

180 pages

The main objective of the study is to focus on the fact that the Bulgarians, in order to realize the vision of Great Bulgaria, occupy the town of Kavala - for the third time in a period of thirty years - with the tolerance of their allies, the Germans and Italians, so that they present the town with a Bulgarian style and character. The first part of the dissertation presents the constant and unwavering interest of Bulgaria in the town of Kavala, while the second part attempts to record all the military and political measures implemented and their results during the Bulgarian occupation. Apart from the local stories, testimonies, and archives of the locals, the author also used circulars, reports, information documents, articles, and decisions of the Bulgarian Ministry of National Education, an archive that is kept at the Sofia National Library.

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Theodoridis, Panagiotis: Via Egnatia: Identification and Topological Study of Settlements.,Thessaloniki 1973

128 pages
Annex with rich bibliography. Ancient Greek, Roman and Byzantine sources. Detailed table of placenames. Thirteen maps.

Based on the ancient historians Herodotus and Thucidides, the later sources of Julianus, Hierocles, and Procopius, and closing with Tufel and Edson, the author of the present dissertation attempts to approach the importance of Via Egnatia from antiquity through the Roman times and to modern times. The first part of the work includes all the historic and topographic information related to the organization of the urban network of Illyricum, Macedonia and Thrace along Via Egnatia. This is followed by a separation of the sources that refer to the stops and settlements of Egnatia. The study is completed with the next chapter referring to the identification of settlements; if we clarify certain basic principles of productive geography, we arrive at a method of identifying the position of settlements of finds.

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Tsianakas, Panagiotis: Issues of Public Security in the Region of Kozani during the Period 1936-1937.
The Documents of the Prefecture Archive from the Kozani Historic Archive
,Thessaloniki 2001

103 pages
Annex with 84 documents

Based on unpublished archive material, the specific study hopes to discuss issues of public security in the Prefecture of Kozani during the period August 1936-May 1937. In order to complete his study, apart from the archive material of the Prefecture Archive from the Kozani Historic Archive, the author also studied the local press through the pages of the Kozani newspapers "Voreios Ellas" [Northern Greece] and "Makedonikon Vima" [Macedonian Podium], and the newspaper of Ptolemaida "Eparchiaki Foni" [Rural Voice]. Moreover, the author studied testimonies and memoirs of people who experienced these events. The introductory part of the dissertation provides useful information (economic, political, population, administrative, etc.) on the Prefecture of Kozani during the period under study, and at the same time it discusses the organization and action of the Communist Party of the region. The main part of the study focuses on the presentation of the archive material, and in a number of cases the author quotes extensive excerpts from documents.

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Tsironis, Theodosios: Political Ideology in Thessaloniki during the Midwar Years.
The Organization National Union "Hellas" and Cooperating Associations.
,Thessaloniki 1999

126 pages
Annex with tables of the founders and members of the Administrative Body of the Organization National Union "Hellas", application for the amendment of the Articles of the Association, application for the recognition of the re-established Association NUH, Minutes for the founding of the Association and election of the Board of Directors, Drawing of the NUH President Mr Kosmidis, Drawing of Trepsilitis, Steel Helmet of NUH, scene from the visit of NUH to Athens. Index of Associations: includes unpublished sources from the archive of documents of the Holy Metropolis of Thessaloniki, the History Centre of Thessaloniki (Municipal Archive, Department of Cadaster), and the Thessaloniki Court of First Instance.

The present dissertation focuses on the activity and internal organizational structure of the Association National Union "Hellas". This association played a very important role in the life of Thessaloniki, both through its activities and through its participation in the shaping and dissemination of specific views. In general terms, through the pages of the study the author attempts a systematic historiographic approach to the anticommunist organizations functioning in the form of Associations in Thessaloniki during the midwar years, with a specific focus on NUH and cooperating associations.

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Zachopoulou-Apostolidi, Constantina: French Politics and Foreign Propaganda in Macedonia (1914-1918),Thessaloniki 1990

109 pages
Annex with maps and photographs of Thessaloniki from the period 1914-1918. Unpublished sources of the Greek Foreign Ministiry and the Athens Academy.

The dissertation discusses the events taking place in Macedonia, Thessaloniki in particular, during the period of the Macedonian Front. The first chapter discusses the French and ally forces in Thessaloniki during the period 1915-1916, while the following chapter analyzes foreign propaganda and educational activity developed by the above forces in Macedonia (1914-1918). The third chapter attempts an analysis-assessment of the French diplomatic political activity in Macedonia during the period of the Front, while the last chapter examines the presence of the Serbs in the region of Macedonia and the attitude of the French. In general terms, after reading this dissertation we can easily draw the conclusion that the interest of France was not so much to become a major power in the Balkan peninsula, but to contribute through every possible means to the dehellenization of the region.

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Tsiara, Syrago: Landscapes of National Memory. Public Sculpture in Macedonia.,Thessaloniki 2000

204 pages

The present dissertation focuses on public sculpture in the region of Macedonia, as it is expressed through monuments of a national and historic character, and the role of these monuments in the shaping of the national idea in contemporary times. The geographic region of Macedonia was chosen by the author as a historic and geographic unit that was comparatively recently annexed to the national state. The temporal context of the study of monuments was left open, since the main goal of the dissertation was the study of the dynamic presence of these monuments in space. Depending on the case, there is a historic and artistic evaluation of the sculpts, any reactions they many have aroused, any attacks and dismemberments they may have suffered, and their participation in political and ideological conflicts. In order to complete her study, the author gave special emphasis to recent foreign studies, since the Greek literature on public sculpture is almost non-existent.

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Toloudi, Foteini: Educational and Foreign Policy: The Macedonian Question in the Bulgarian History School Books during the Period 1944-1949,Thessaloniki 2004

221 pages

  1. Instructions of the Bulgarian Ministry of Education to school teachers in Pirin so that they conform to the version of history expressed by Slav-Macedonian school books.
  2. The Bulgarian textbook taught in the entire Bulgarian territory during the school years 1945-1946, 1947-1978, 1949-1950.
  3. Textbook of 1949
Sources: Bulgarian History School Books.
Archives of the British Foreign Office.

The dissertation is based on sporadic, Bulgarian mainly, publications that started to appear in the 1990s; these publications aimed at an immediate reconsideration of the until then prevalent view concerning the role and attitude of the Bulgarian Communist Party in view of the developments that finally led to the contemporary phase of the Macedonian Question just after the end of World War II. In order to complete her work, the author travelled to Bulgaria as the study was carried out in public and private institutions, bodies and individuals of the neighbouring country.

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Aktsoglou, Iakovos: The General Administration of Thessaloniki in the Islamic Year AH 1318
(Cartographic identification and image of the administrative organization based on the maps of the Austrian General Staff and the state Ottoman Army List)
,Thessaloniki 1999

370 pages
Annex: Sources and statistical information. Drawings and maps of the region.

The study aims at presenting a specific picture of the Thessaloniki General Command in the early 20th century. By accurately defining its geographic borders, it manages to register the role and function not only of the "general command" but also of the "command" and "subcommand" of the region. Thus, it contributes to a detailed and precise approach to the administrative pyramid. At the same time, the author manages to present the ordination of the military and security forces in the area. This is where the originality of the specific dissertation lies, as it presents for the first time an overall picture of the administrative and military organization in the region.

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Tsevremes, Ioannis: From the Tobacco Field to the Tobacco Shop.
(Time, Work, and Mentalities in Northern Greece during the Midwar and First Postwar Years)
,Thessaloniki 2003

210 pages
Annex with eight interviews.

The present study is moving along two main axes. The first concerns mentalities related to the concepts of work and the use of time. The core of the study is the process of daily labour, but the author also moves to other manifestations of social reality. His main goal, as we can easily understand, is to promote the historicity of the sense of time and shed light on the stages of its development in a specific historic environment. The second axis of the study is "working man", and more specifically the manual worker. The study characteristically focuses on a transitional period for northern Greece during which manual workers started with agricultural work and then moved to urban-industrial labour, while in many cases they were occupied in both. In order for the reader to get a better understanding of the project, the author starts with an introductory note so that he clarifies the basic terms and analyzes his methodological tools.

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Karathanasis, Athanasios: The Holy Metropolis of Nevrokopi during the Macedonian Struggle,Thessaloniki 1987

250 pages
Annex with documents and photographs

The present dissertation focuses on Nevrokopi, the Holy Metropolis of Nevrokopi in particular, during the period 1880-1912. Due to its geographical location near the borders, the region was called upon to play an important national role immediately after the Congress of Berlin (1878) and until the end of the Macedonian Struggle (1908). The author, through the unpublished sources of the Metropolis codices, attempts a very vivid presentation of the struggles of the Greek people in the region and the Metropolitan Bishop against Bulgarization, the Romanian propaganda, and the means of the Turkish administration, all of which had a strong presence in this border corner of Greece. These issues are discussed within the historic context of the period, and are examined in the light of the strong rivalry among the Balkan peoples in the region concerning the borders of their young states, and the character of the ethnological composition of Macedonia at the time.

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Kotzagiorgis, Fokionas: The Athos Monastery of Agios Pavlos Based on Its Archive (14th century-1830). Economic Survival-Social Dynamics in the Ottoman State System.,Thessaloniki 1999

345 pages

  1. Translations of representative Turkish documents from the monastery of Agios Pavlos.Photographs of the translated documents.
  2. Portraiture of the Holy Monastery of Agios Pavlos (1385-1830).Geographic distribution of the assets of the Holy Monastery of Agios Pavlos.
    Drawing of the dependency of Kalamaria.
    Drawing of the dependency of the Cassandra Tower.
    Drawing of the dependency of Marovitsa.
    Ottoman map of the dependency of Sarti-Kriaritsi.

Beginning with the view that the double hypostasis of matter and spirit is self-evident for the monks of Mount Athos who manage to achieve a coexistence of the two without any confusion, this study, for the first time, the material dimension-character of the monasteries, without displacing the spiritual dimension. The "Typika" of the monasteries are a proof of the material dimension of the function of a monastery; these include provisions even for the most humble material needs of the monastery.

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Athanasiadou, Myrsini: Trade Relations between Thessaloniki-Venice during the 18th century.,Thessaloniki 2000

465 pages
Annex with maps, documents and pictures.

The dissertation aims at studying trade relations between Venice and Thessaloniki during the 18th century, that is, during the period when the once powerful Serenissima Republic makes its last effort to extend its life, based on trade and craft, so that it can go on playing an important role in the Mediterranean. Within the context of this policy, it establishes new consulates in Southeast Mediterranean and re-establishes older ones, such as the one in Thessaloniki. There, with the contribution of Greek and Jew merchants, Venice manages to strengthen its commercial activities. As we can easily understand from the study, the merchants of Thessaloniki were really favoured by Venice trade due to their kindred ties with merchants who were permanently established in Venice. Finally, the study also sheds light on the condition of trade and economy in Thessaloniki during the same period.

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Dordanas, Stratos: Reprisals of the German Occupation Forces in Macedonia ( 1941-1944),Thessaloniki 2002

826 (Volume A) pages
Annex (Volume B) with tables, documents, photographs.

The present dissertation focuses on a systematic analysis of German reprisals in the region of Central and Western Macedonia during the period 1941-1944. The reader can understand the motives and aims of Occupation Authorities, find the reasons that led the Germans to this attitude toward civilians, and finally study the official position of the Nazi regime, as it was expressed through the specific policy of the Germans. In order to complete his study, the author used archive material from the Federal Military Archive of the city of Freighburg, the Political Archive of the Bonn Ministry of Foreign Affairs, from the Federal Archive of Berlin, and the Central Office of the Federal Ministry of Justice for the Prosecution of Nazi War Crimes. In Greece, some of the significant sources include the Historical Archive of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Emmanuel Tsouderos Archive, the Benaki Museum Archive, and the Hellenic Literary and Historical Archive.

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Vorvi, Ioanna: The Mademochoria (Cast Iron Villages) of Chalkidiki during the Turkish Rule: The Communities and the Administrative Organization and Exploitation of Mines.,Thessaloniki 2000

Pages: 598 (Volume A) pages
Annex (Volume B) with documents, photographs, and maps.

The present dissertation discusses the organization and operation of mines in the Mademochoria during the Turkish Rule, and their relations with the neighbouring communities. It analyzes the federal character of the villages, the privileges they were given, and the relevant self-administration they achieved with local elected rulers. The identity of the twelve main villages of the federation is given in detail, while the study also explores the ethnological composition of their population. Finally, the dissertation examines the tax obligations of the Mademochoria and the institutions of the church, justice, and education in this mining region of Northeastern Chalkidiki.

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Mandatzis, Christos: Overseas Emigration from Macedonia 1923-1936,Thessaloniki 2000

305 pages

Starting in 1923, year of the mass arrival and settlement of Minor Asia Greeks in Greece, and ending in 1936, year of the beginning of the Metaxas regime in the country, the author of this dissertation attempts an analysis of the phenomenon of emigration in the region of Macedonia. Emigration, seasonal or permanent, has always been a familiar experience for the people of Macedonia from as early as the final period of Turkish rule. However, through the escalation of national antagonisms in the Balkans, this phenomenon spread, because emigration was considered by the population of the region as the only way out. The geographic focus of the dissertation in Western and Central Macedonia can be explained by the fact that the majority of the Slav-speaking residents of Macedonia lived in this part of Greece during the midwar years. Moreover, the Western part of Macedonia was the only region in Northern Greece which suffered a population reduction after the end of the population transfers between Greece, Turkey and Bulgaria. The material for the completion of this study was mainly drawn from the Historic Archive of the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Australian Archives, the Historic Archive of Macedonia and the Gennadion Library.

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Kaplanidou, Danae: The Portrairs of the Severan Dynasty in the Provinces of Macedonia and Achaia,Thessaloniki 2000

163 pages
Annex with 37 tables of photographs

The present dissertation collects the portraits depicting members of the Severan dynasty in the administrative provinces of Macedonia and Achaia, identifies the portraying types they follow, underlines their differences from the other portraits of Rome, and finally integrates these monuments, to the extend this is possible, within the historic context of the period. The largest part of the work is divided into two sections, and deals with the portraits and the signed bases of the statues presenting figures of the dynasty. Then, the study discusses the quantitative data of the appearance of the portraits, as well as the frequency each member of the dynasty appears separately. The study closes with references to extant sources testifying to visits of the dynasty members to the Helladic space.

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Kaliga, Kyriaki: Pottery from Pit C of the Lower Table of Anchialos,Thessaloniki 1999

130 pages
Annex with 38 drawings, 89 tables of photographs, 70-page list of ceramics

The present dissertation is part of a more general effort to organize and study the archaeological material that emerged during the university excavations in the Double Table of Anchialos. The ceramic finds of pit C are very important for the history of the settlement, as they comprise the only evidence for the late 4th century BC. The dissertation is divided into five sections which study pottery of the Iron Age, red-figure pottery, the local black-glazed and painted pottery, lamps and figurines. Due to the diversity of the issues discussed, each one of the above sections has been approached under a different light with a special emphasis on various fields.

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Georgiadis, Fotis: Attic Black-figure and Red-figure Sherds from the Moulds Museum,Thessaloniki 1994

80 pages
Annex 9 tables of photographs.

This dissertation focuses on the study of Attic black-figure and red-figure sherds from the collection of the Moulds Museum of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. The problem with the sherds under study is that they have been collected from different areas. Part of them comes from Anchialos in the Prefecture of Thessaloniki, another part from Sani in the Prefecture of Chalkidiki, and a third part from Karabournaki in the Prefecture of Thessaloniki. Finally, there is a fourth category which is characterized by the ambiguous or totally unknown origin of its sherds. Due to this situation, the study of sherds is limited to a study of their shape and some iconographic issues of the Attic ceramic. The conclusions that emerge are doubtful but always useful for the researcher.

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Gerousi, Soultana: Ground and Polished Tools from Makriyialos in Pieria,Thessaloniki 1999

159 pages
Annex: Volume II list of tools in 75 pages and 56 drawings of tools.

The dissertation studies a total of 296 ground and polished tools from phase II of the Neolithic settlement of Makriyialos in Pieria. All the tools were found in residence, storage or food production premises. The study aims to provide a morphological and functional definition of the tools, and also attempts to define the materials on which the tools were used. Finally, the study has a third aim, that is, to determine the construction techniques of the tools and the macroscopic identification of the rocks they were made of.

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Chatzoudi, Astero: Bone Tools and Objects from Toumba in Thessaloniki,Thessaloniki 2001

75 pages
Annex:11 pictures-maps, 7 tables, 10 drawings of tools

The dissertation studies 142 bone objects found at the prehistoric site of Toumpa Thessaloniki. The first chapter analyzes the concept of technology as it has been formed in parallel with theoretical developments in prehistoric archaeology until the present. Then, the study refers to developments in the study methods of bone tools. This is followed by a detailed presentation of the morphological and technological characteristics of the dissertation material, and some observations are given for their possible use. The final conclusion is that the properties of materials, the forms and the distribution of the objects enable the contemporary researcher to trace human behaviour as a coefficient of action, way of thinking, time and space.

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Karadimou, Agne: Intracommunity Organization in the Late Bronze Age in Central Macedonia. The Distribution of Small Objects in Building A of Toumba in Thessaloniki,Thessaloniki 1999

196 pages
Annex: 16 pictures, 11 tables, 11 ground plans of the rooms of Building A.

The present study presents the distribution of small objects and architectural constructions in phase 4 of Building A in Toumba, Thessaloniki. This distribution is presented for each room separately. Thus, each room is accompanied by a list of the small objects found in it, and plans-ground plans rendering the horizontal distributions of small objects and constructions for every floor. Finally, the study presents some thoughts about the organization and the form of the household group of Building A. .

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Konstantinidou, Aphrodite: Analysis and Interpretation of the Zooarchaeological Material from Building M of Toumba in Thessaloniki,Thessaloniki 2001

118 pages
Annex: 26 tables, 15 pictures-drawings, 13 measurements.

The present study aims at analyzing and interpreting the zooarchaeological material found in Building M of Toumba in Thessaloniki, a site of the Bronze Age in Central Macedonia. The dissertation is divided into five chapters; the first three adopt a more theoretical approach, while the two last chapters clearly deal with the analysis and interpretation of the zooarchaeological material under study. The study presents conclusions on the basis of economic considerations. At the same time, there has been an effort to connect the results of the study with the way the inhabitants of the Toumba had shaped their ideas and views about animals.

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Aristodimou, Georgia: Idealistic Sculptures in the Theatres of the Romans Provinces of Epirus, Macedonia, Achaia, and Asia.,Thessaloniki 2000

202 pages
Annex: 87 tables of photographs.

The present dissertation studies the sculpted decor found in theatres and odeums in the eastern part of the Roman Empire. No distinction is drawn between these constructions, as they do not present significant differences. We should note that both theatres and odeums hosted musical and drama performances. However, certain restrictions were set concerning the categories of sculptures that had to be examined, and the geographical limits that had to be established, in order to complete the study. Therefore, the study discusses only idealistic sculptures, and only the geographical area of Epirus, Macedonia, Achaia, and part of present Turkey. Time restrictions have not been set, so that the objects under study include sculptures (carved in the round and relief sculptures) mainly from the era of Augustus until the 3rd century AD, when new idealistic sculptures are no longer placed in theatres or odeums.

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Akrivopoulou, Sofia: Early-Christian Chalkidiki. Monumental topography,Thessaloniki 1999

150 pages
Annex: 79 pictures, Map of archaeological sites in western and eastern Chalkidiki, Cassandra, and Sithonia, Geophysical and political map of Chalkidiki 1: 250.000

The present study focuses on Chalkidiki during the early-Christian era, that is from the period of late Roman Rule (early 4th century AD) and the passage to Christianity, until the barbarian invasions of the 6th century, which destroyed the world of late antiquity, and marked the beginning of the Byzantine era. Here, we should note that the term "Chalkidiki" includes the entire peninsula, and not the prefecture of Chalkidiki. However, the present dissertation leaves out Thessaloniki which would need a separate study, due to the special position the city had in the Roman and Byzantine Empires. To complete her project, the author supported her research almost exclusively on excavation data that have been published, since there were no historical sources during the early-Christian period.

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Kotidou, Eleni Athanasiadou: Five 19th-century Churches in the Plain of Thessaloniki,Thessaloniki 1996

275 pages
Annex: Folder with photographic documentation of the churches under study.

Through the pages of the present dissertation, the author studies in every detail five churches dated to the 19th century. These are churches of rural areas, with a simple and humble facade, which were entirely ignored both by the competent archaeological services and the various ecclesiastic bodies until the mid 1980s. The number of extant churches is very small, and most of them are unfortunately in bad condition. The churches under study include the Church of Agios Dimitrios in Diavata, and the Church of Agios Athanasios in Liti.

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Chatzigiannaki, Eleni: Weaving Tools from Building A in Toumba, Thessaloniki,Thessaloniki 2004

133 pages
Annex with photographic material and tables.

The present dissertation studies and analyzes the spindle whorls and weaving weights that have come to light from the excavation in Building A of Toumba, Thessaloniki, a site of the Bronze Age in Macedonia. The first two chapters examine the course of archaeological research on the issue of weaving to the present, and the processes that comprise a weaving cycle, with special emphasis on the tools needed, and more specifically spindle whorls and weaving weights. The third chapter studies the results of archaeological research both in Building A, and more generally in the region of Toumba, while the following, fourth chapter, presents the main material of the project. The various subsections of the fourth chapter discuss the stages of the material life of the objects, their technological and construction characteristics, as well as their functional capacity based on which they are classified. The dissertation closes with the author's effort to prove that, apart from its functionality, weaving is a process that expresses social relations and thus depends on economic, ideological, and social factors.

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Amoiridou, Valasia: Macedonian Tombs: Interior Layout, Furniture and Constructions,Thessaloniki 2003

150 pages
Annex: 34 pages with photographs.

The present dissertation studies the Macedonian Tombs found in the region of present Macedonia and Thrace. The examination of these monuments is based on two main issues; the first is related to their interior layout, while the second deals with the study of furniture, and the wooden or stone constructions of these graves, which as we can draw from the archaeological finds, were integral parts of the specific monuments. At the end of this dissertation, there is a list of tables which present a brief collection of the material and a brief categorization of monuments. The list includes all graves which have one or more pieces of furniture or constructions, whether these are extant in whole or not. The classification of monuments is based on their dating, starting from earlier monuments and finishing with later ones.

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Mallos, Yiogros: A Hellenistic Sanctuary in Ano Poli, Thessaloniki. The Testimony of the Figurines,Thessaloniki 2002

Volume A 246, Volume B 179 (tables of photographs) pages

The dissertation studies the figurines found after an excavation (November 1998-February 1999) at number 35 of Mouson Street in Ano Poli, Thessaloniki. The finds that have come to light are extremely important for the history of Hellenistic Thessaloniki, as they are evidence of the existence of a temple, perhaps the earliest temple that has been found in the district of Ano Poli. The present study aims, first, at incorporating the figurines within the context of Hellenistic coroplastic art, especially the trends that seem to be formed in Macedonia and Thessaloniki, and then trace the devotional methods and commission customs through the study of these figurines. The project is divided into four chapters. The first chapter refers to the way these figurines are constructed and decorated, while the second presents a detailed list of the figurines and the other clay objects found during the excavation. The following chapter interprets the types, a procedure that is necessary for the identification of the sanctuary. The fourth and last chapter attempts an overall and comprehensive use of the material under study, which is included in the more general issue of cults and the topographic location of the sanctuaries in the city of Thessaloniki.

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Lousa, Aggeliki: Clay Lamps in Macedonia.,Thessaloniki 1997

328 pages
Annex: A table with all types of lamps in ancient Macedonia, 70 tables of photographs, 9 maps.

The use of lamps in Macedonia from the 6th century BC to the 4th century AD, as well as their morphological typology form the main axis of the project. Initially, the study presents the lamps brought to light by excavations in the region of Macedonia, and then attempts a temporal, typological, historical and cultural identification of these lamps. The author records a total of 523 lamps, which bring to light, through the shapes and the cheap construction material that are repeated, significant parameters of the economic life in ancient Macedonia.

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Kyriakou, Athanasia: Excavation Complexes from the Sanctuary of Eukleia in Vergina.
Clay Lamps and Relief Hellenistic Skyphoi (Cups).
,Thessaloniki 1998

134 pages
Annex: 51 tables of photographs

The first and main part of the dissertation studies the excavation complexes of the archaeological site of the Sanctuary of Eukleia in Vergina. Despite the difficulties in dealing with this issue, the information we draw is very important for the history of this area, which used to be a very vital part of the ancient city. The second part of the dissertation focuses on the typology and dating of lamps and relief Hellenistic skyphoi. According to research, there is a reciprocal relationship between excavation complexes and lamps, and the dating of the former is largely based on the testimony of lamps.

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Xydopoulos, Ioannis: Social and Cultural Relations between Macedonians and the Rest of the Greeks.
Contribution to the Study of Literary and Epigraphical Tradition Relating to Ancient Macedonia
,Thessaloniki 1994

225 pages

The present dissertation focuses on how Macedonians identified themselves ethnically, since the most important element that determines someone's ethnic identity is what s/he believes and perhaps how s/he projects this ethnic identity. The epigraphs we have at our disposal leave no doubt that Macedonians were a Hellenic tribe. The problem that arises, however, out of this conclusion is why the relevant literary evidence does not take into consideration this reality. The present study attempts to discuss this problem. The first chapter examines the literary tradition and epigraphical evidence of the Archaic and Classical periods (43-104 BC); later, the dissertation studies how Macedonia and the Macedonians are presented in Hellenistic historiography, as well as the character of the Macedonians and the Southern Greeks, as it emerges out of the epigraphical tradition of the same period. The third, and last, chapter analyses the Macedonians and Macedonia of classical letters, and the Macedonians and Southern Greeks as they emerge out of the epigraphical tradition of imperial times.

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Anagnostopoulou, Ekaterini: Vergina - Dimitriada - Alexandreia.
Painted Steles
,Thessaloniki 1998

132 pages
Annex with 20 tables of photographs.

The present study does not focus on presenting and describing the painted steles found in the regions of Vergina, Dimitriada, and Alexandreia. This has been the subject of study of many researchers in the past. The present dissertation attempts a comparative discussion of the themes of the painted steles found in the above regions, identifying similarities, where possible, and differences, and observing how the Attic tradition is implanted, continues or is differentiated in three different areas in a period when the production of sepulchral monuments is interrupted in Attica by the prohibitive edict of Demetrius Phalereus (317 BC).

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Boulakakis, Georgios: Treasures of Bronze Coins and Overview of Numismatic Finds in Ancient Aiani.,Thessaloniki 2000

113 pages
Annex: List of coins, coins of the Classical era, 33 tables of photographs

The study presents all the coins that came to light after the excavations carried out on the hill of Megali Rachi, a region that is identified with the area of ancient Aiani. As the excavation data show, the city on the hill of Megali Rachi had its own metal art and ceramic workshops. The coins that have been found give us information on the economic activity of the city, its trade relations with the rest of the Hellenistic world, and, more generally, coin circulation in Macedonia.

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Pesiridou, Ioanna: The Painted Decor of the Church of Panagia Chaviara in Veroia (15th-16th century),Thessaloniki 2001

154 pages
Annex with 66 tables of photographs.

The present dissertation focuses on the painted decor of the church of Panagia Chaviara. The study is divided into six sections. In the first section, the author attempts a short bibliographic overview of previously published works focusing on the monument. The second section analyses the architectural type of the church. The third section collects all the information from the oral tradition of the town, and interprets the origin of the church name. The following section gives a brief description of the iconographic programme of the church, while the fifth section, which is the longest part of the study, attempts an iconographic analysis of every painting phase separately, in order to identify both the sources of models and the sources of inspiration for artists. In conclusion, the sixth section discusses the technical and stylistic analysis of each painting phase through the way each artist worked and his special characteristics.

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Pentedeka, Areti: Technology and Social Identity:
Red Pottery in Neolithic Sesklo
,Thessaloniki 2002

134 pages
Annex: 26 photographs.

The present dissertation aims at understanding the role of pottery in the community of Sesklo. The study approaches technology as a phenomenon that does not have only a technical and material dimension, but also a social one. The role of nature, combined with the application of macroscopic and microscopic methods, are the tools for the recomposition of the technological choices directly connected with all the stages of the construction of red monochrome pottery. The seventh, and final, chapter of the study attempts an evaluation of these technical choices, and their linkage with the social reality of the Sesklo residents at the end of the Neolithic Era.

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Papadopoulou, Evi: Small Clay Objects from the Mansion of Giannitsa,Thessaloniki 2002

240 pages
Annex: 113 photographs, 28 photographs of spindle whorls, 10 lists, 7 tables

    a) plan of mansion. Topographic plan of Toumba.
    b) plan of settlement horizon I
    c) plan of settlement horizon II
    d) plan of settlement horizon III
    e) plan of settlement horizon IV

      The main axis of the dissertation are spinning and weaving techniques. The excavation results of the Giannitsa Mansion brought to light a significant number of tools associated with the above activities. The present dissertation aims at collecting information of a technological nature and negotiating issues pertaining to the social dimension of these techniques. The first chapter presents the main trends and directions of the archaeological science concerning spinning, while the second chapter presents the excavation data, and gives an idea of the places where the raw materials came from. The following chapter gives a detailed account of the tool equipment needed for the spinning and weaving chain. This is followed by a detailed presentation of the clay tools found in the Mansion; the chapter also examines their construction method. The fifth, and last, chapter presents the conclusions concerning the textile chain of the mansion. The raw materials, the use of tools, the methods, the yarns, and the textiles are analyzed in detail in order to reveal the character of the Mansion as a domestic workshop.

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Pazaras, N. Th.: 16th and 17th-century Portable Icons from the Holy Monastery of Xiropotamos on Mount Athos,Thessaloniki 2000

143 pages
Annex with 137 photographs of icons.

For the author, the examination of these icons is a starting point for the study of broader issues concerning the iconographic preferences and the stylistic trends that developed on Mount Athos during the first post-Byzantine centuries. Under this light, the dissertation hopes to add one more link to the chain of collective publications of icons from Mount Athos monasteries that were published by the Organization for the Cultural Capital of Europe "Thessaloniki 1997", within the context of the parallel events for the exhibition "Treasures of Mount Athos".

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Tsilipakou, Agathoniki: Byzantine Marble Icons from Thessaloniki.,Thessaloniki 1992

140 pages
Annex: 45 tables with photographs

The present dissertation focuses, as the author herself admits, on already known and published material. However, as she states in her introduction, quite often archaeologists attempt to date icons without the necessary documentation and without integrating the specific icon within the contemporary sculptural production. Given this fact, the author was led to the undertaking of the present study in order to contribute to the solution of the above problems. The majority of the icons discussed in the study are found in the crypt of the Church of Agios Dimitrios and in the White Tower. Only two icons remain in the Rotunda Collection, while the remaining are exhibited in the Byzantine and Christian Museum of Athens.

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Konstantoulas, Kyriakos: Ionic Architecture and Ionic Order Architectural Elements in Macedonian Tombs,Thessaloniki 1998

94 pages
Annex: 49 tables of photographs.

The present dissertation is a detailed study of Macedonian Tombs, which focuses both on their exterior characteristics and the various problems arising out of the examination of these sepulchral constructions. The creation-origin of the type of Macedonian Tombs and their morphological differentiation from the other tombs that have been excavated, and also their geographical spreading to areas outside Macedonia, cover the first part of the dissertation. The second part classifies Macedonian Tombs according to their architecture (ionic order, mixed architecture, Doric order with elements of ionic order). Finally, there is an analysis of al the ionic elements we find in the architecture of Macedonian Tombs. Two addendums concerning the "Ionic door" and the dating of Macedonian sepulchral monuments complete the study.

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Agatzioti, Sofia: Ground Stone Tools from the Settlement of Toumba, Thessaloniki,Thessaloniki 2000

125 pages
Annex with drawings of tool, ground plans and geological maps.

The present dissertation studies the technological system of stone industry and the way one should approach the "static" stone tools that have come to light after their excavation. Through the analysis of environmental and technological restrictions, the economic, social, political, and ideological organization of society, and of course through the examination of the raw materials used for the tools, their production techniques, and their possible uses, we draw the conclusion that stone industry is a "chain of operations", a technological system with a complex and dynamic character. Therefore, on the basis of this principle, the dissertation then deals with ground stone tools from building A of the settlement in Toumba in Thessaloniki.

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Lagogianni, Maria: Portraits in Sepulchral Monuments of Macedonia
during the Period of Roman Rule
,Thessaloniki 1982

195 pages

The dissertation studies the portraits found in the sepulchral monuments of Macedonia of the period of Roman Rule. The visitor to the museums of Macedonia can come in contact with major collections of the kind. A number of these monuments have been studied from time to time as individual cases. However, the author in the present dissertation studies the monuments as a total, in order to reach certain conclusions. Therefore, she examines the carriers of the portraits, their exterior form, and the iconographic types that are repeated on the portraits. This is followed by their dating, and finally the character of the portraits is studied as it is shaped under the sociopolitical conditions of each period.

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Mavropoulou-Tsioumi, Chrisanthi: The 13th-Century Wall-Paintings in the Church of Panagia Koubelidiki in Kastoria,Thessaloniki 1973

133 pages
Annex: 2 pages with table lists 75 tables of icons The small church located at a short distance from the extant tower of the Byzantine walls in the city of Kastoria is known as Panagia Koubelidiki. This name comes from the period of Turkish Rule, and is due to the very high dome of the church, and the fact that it is the only domed church, among the many Byzantine and post-Byzantine churches of the town. The first chapter of the dissertation analyzes the construction of the church, while the second discusses the layout of the wall-paintings. The third chapter refers to the 13th-century wall-paintings, and then examines the stylistic analysis of the wall-paintings. The study closes with the chapters referring to the technique of the church, its icon-painter, and the dating of its wall-paintings.

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Misailidou-Despotidou, Vaso: Bronze Jewels of Archaic Times in Macedonia,Thessaloniki 2003

492 (volume A text) 164 (volume B tables) pages

The dissertation studies the bronze jewels found in the archaic graves of Nea Philadelphia. The number of jewels allows significant observations concerning the typology, the origin, the dissemination and the dating of archaic jewels in Macedonia. The text is divided into seven chapters. The first refers to the excavation research of the two cemeteries, while the second comments on the construction technique of the jewels. The third chapter examines their typology in connection to their dissemination and dating. The following chapter analyzes issues concerning the function of the jewels, and this is followed by an analysis of the characteristics of the local workshops. The sixth chapter attempts a brief presentation of the background and socio-economic environment within which the jewel production workshops developed. Finally, the last chapter presents a list of bronze jewels, records the site where each one was found, and notes the remaining jewels that belong to the same grave complex.

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Mentzos, Aris: Corinthian Capitals of Macedonia in Late Antiquity,Thessaloniki 1989

394 pages
Annex: 7 pages with a list of tables, 63 tables.

The dissertation studies the evolution of the Corinthian Capital in the region of Macedonia in the period of late antiquity. To this purpose, the present study follows the evolution, the dissemination and the diversification of the elements that comprise the capital. The choice of the Corinthian capital as the subject of this dissertation was dictated by significant role it plays in the study of the evolution of the architectural relief, since the capital is the most characteristic element of the Corinthian order in architecture.

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Papakonstantinou-Diamantourou, Despoina: Pella: Historic Overview and Testimonies,Athens 1971

257 pages
Annex: list of tables (pp. 241-242), list of colour tables (p. 242)

The present dissertation serves as an introduction to the history and topography of Pella. The first part examines the geography, the naming, the religion, the constructions, the art, the history, and the portraiture of the region. Special importance was given to the chapter on geography, due to the radical change brought by the drainage of the Giannitsa lake. The second and main part of the study collects all the testimonies of ancient writers and inscriptions related to Pella, even those of the Byzantine era. The third, and last, chapter includes the bibliography, auxiliary lists, indexes, and tables.

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Dadaki, Stavroula: Archaeological Map of the Prefecture of Serres.,Thessaloniki 1998

69 pages

The present dissertation aims at a systematic recording of the archaeological sites in the Prefecture of Serres. The sites are presented in two lists. The first list gives the names of cities and settlements as they emerge from sources. In the beginning, the study quotes all relevant excerpts, and then comments on them so that the location is identified, based on the research undertaken up to the present, in those cases where identification with a specific archaeological site has been generally accepted. The second list presents sites with archaeological finds based on the present names of communities in whose region the sites are found. For every item of the list the study gives all the information available concerning the existence of antiquities, in ascending order.

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Tsigounaki, Aglaia: The World of the Slavs and the Impact of Their Presence in the Byzantine Population of the Suburbs of Thessaloniki and Eastern Macedonia,Thessaloniki


Annex: 1) Mardaites 2) The Roupel Narrows 3) Smolenoi, Strymonites, Drogoudatoi, Sagoudatoi, Rygchinoi 4) Sklavinies (Slavic enclaves).

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Kechagia, Styliani: Political and Social History of Edessa and the Broader Region
in the 13th and 14th Centuries
,Thessaloniki 1996

109 pages
Annex: 1) List of images-maps 2) 19th-century lithographs from Edessa 3) Edessa waterfalls 4) Edessa walls 5) Borders of the Stefan Dousan empire (1355) 6) Map of the Achrid Archdiocese 7) Ground plans of the Church Koimisi tis Theotokou (Assumption of the Virgin) and the Church of Agioi Apostoloi (Saint Apostles).

The present dissertation is divided into seven chapters. The first chapter gives general information (name, landscape, walls) about the town of Edessa and the broader region. This is followed by an analysis of the political history of the town in the 13th century. The third chapter tries to give a general idea of the situation during the period 1261-1341. The following two chapters focus on the conflicts between Byzantines and Serbs in the town of Edessa (1341-1351) and the period of Serb rule in the town. The sixth chapter analyzes the political administration of Edessa and the surrounding region in the 13th and 14th centuries, while the sixth and last chapter studies the church history of the area during the same period (13th-14th centuries).

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Makri, Efterpi: The Necropolis of Thessaloniki in Late Roman and Early Christian Times
(from Mid-3rd Century to the 7th Century AD)
,Thessaloniki 2000

238 (Volume A, text), Volume B: 60 drawings, 111 tables, 133 photographs. pages

The dissertation aims to approach and present the cemeteries of Thessaloniki before and after the pacification of the church, follow the creation of Christian cemeteries and their relation with the places where martyrs had suffered, present the known martyrdoms, the cemetery basilicas, and the various types of graves in Thessaloniki, as well as follow the evolution of sepulchral painting in the city. The period under study extends from the second half of the 3rd century until the end of the 6th-beginning of 7th centuries. The period is characterized both by a significant spread of Christianity, and by religious comparativism.

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Lazaridis, Chrysostomos: Piracy in the Aegean from the Early 9th Century to the Late 10th Century
and the Sack of Thessaloniki (904)
,Thessaloniki 1998

107 pages

The reclaim of Crete marked the end of an era. The period that preceded this event marked the loss of sea supremacy for Byzantium. From that period on, there is a more general change in the relations between the two superpowers in the region. Byzantium regains its control over Crete, and later, with the conquest of Cilicia and Cyprus, gains total control over Eastern Mediterranean.

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Goutziomitrou, Theodora: Avar-Slav Sieges of Thessaloniki in the Late 6th and the Early 7th Centuries,Thessaloniki 1998

152 pages

The present dissertation focuses on the attacks of Slavs and Avars against the city of Thessaloniki, the sieges and the unsuccessful attempt to conquer the city. The failure of the besiegers to succeed in their goal protected the empire from a number of consequences related both to territorial integrity and the composition of the population in the region of Thessaloniki. It is evident that Avar-Slav invasions are a very significant chapter in the history of Thessaloniki. The present study discusses a number of problems, mainly related to dating, concerning the three sieges that troubled the city and the broader region in the late 6th and the early 7th centuries.

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Stergiadou, Evanthia Konstantinou or Tegou: Holy Metropolis of Grevena and Its Monasteries.,Thessaloniki 1997

110 pages

The church of Grevena, from the early Christian times to the 6th century, came under the Holy Metropolis of Nea Epirus, which administratively fell under the Exarchy of Thessaloniki. The Exarchy of Thessaloniki, in its turn, was under the spiritual leadership of the Pope of Rome until the 8th century, when emperor Leon III Isavros excluded the Exarchy of Illyricum from the Pope and subjected it to the Patriarch of Constantinople in the year 731 or 733. The first chapter of the dissertation gives all the information about the Holy Metropolis of Grevena, while the next chapter puts down all information available on the Metropolis of Deskati. The third chapter focuses on the Holy Monastery of the Dormition of the Virgin in Torniki, Grevena, and the following on the Holy Monastery of Panagia Evaggelistria, in Bounasia or Vounassa, Grevena. The study closes with the fifth chapter entitled Holy Monastery of Osios Nikanoras, in Zavorda, Grevena.

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Gogousi, Vasiliki: The Sieges of Thessaloniki by Avars-Slavs in the Late 6th and 7th Centuries,Thessaloniki 1993

119 pages

Attacks of Avars-Slavs against Thessaloniki are incorporated within the framework of the "major invasions" that devastated Europe from the end of the Roman era until the 8th century. However, the sources available to the historian come from Byzantine chroniclers whose validity is quite often under question. Under these circumstances, the "miracles" of Saint Dimitrios are particularly useful because they provide significant information about the invasions of Slav races in the region of Thessaloniki. Under these conditions, the first chapter focuses on the "miracles" of the Saint, while the following chapters examine the Avar-Slav attacks in the Balkans and Thessaloniki from the times of Justinian to 618 (fourth siege of Thessaloniki). The last chapter refers to the conflict between Byzantines and Slavs during the time of Constantine IV.

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Galiropoulos, Christos: Military and Political History of Veroia, Edessa, and Servia during the Last Byzantine Centuries,Thessaloniki 2004

133 pages

The introductory note of the dissertation gives a summary of the historic period covered by the study, and presents the sources used by the author. The first chapter refer to the region of Veroia. It describes the area, gives an interpretation for the name of the town, and then gives an account of all the events directly related to the city since the 10th century. The following two sections analyze the towns of Edessa and Servia, respectively. They describe each area in detail, comments on their names, and examine their history, mainly wars, during the last Byzantine centuries. The last chapter makes a more general reference to the towns - their castles and their significance, and the role they played in the last centuries of Byzantine rule.

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Melissakis, Zisis: The Dispersion of Mount Athos Manuscripts in Libraries Abroad (the Case of Konstantinos-Minas Minoidis),Thessaloniki 2001

509 pages

The phenomenon of the transfer of codices from the Athonite Libraries to foreign countries is part of the more general dispersion of Greek manuscript books observed in the Renaissance, when the world of western Europe started to show a strong interest in texts of ancient Greek literature, and continued until the 11th century with the participation of Russia and Bulgaria, initiated by a number of motives in every period. The first chapter discusses the phenomenon in the monasteries of the northern part of Mount Athos, while the second chapter presents the monasteries of the southern side. This is followed by a presentation of eastern monasteries, and the fourth and last chapter discusses Mount Athos codices whose exact origin is not known.

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Samartzidou, Eleni: Study of Zooarchaeological Material from Axos in Giannitsa, the Most Ancient Neolithic Position in Western Macedonia,Thessaloniki 2000

285 pages

The material used for the needs of the present dissertation was collected by hand from a section comprising four squares 4 by 4 meters each. A total of 870 bones were found in this area. According to the number of identified bone pieces, 87 of the fragments belong to goats and sheep, 73 to pigs, 57 to sheep, 37 to cattle, 19 to goats, 7 to badgers, 3 to horses, 3 to wild cats, 2 to hare, 13 to dogs, and 1 to a red deer.

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Tzoni, Anastasia: Pottery from the Northern Cemetery of Ancient Pydna,Thessaloniki 1998

142 pages
Annex: 15 tables of photographs with ceramics

The dissertation examines 19 attic black-figure vases and black-glazed vases, a Corinthian unglazed vase, and a possibly Attic or Boiotian 5th century vase which were found in a total of five burials at the northern cemetery of ancient Pydna. This is a very small but representative percentage of imported pottery that this site gave, and it is indicative of the preferences of the people of the period, always in relation to the objects they placed in the last abode of their dead. The author quite often looks for the initial appearance of the vases and refers to the problems concerning their interpretation.

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Pappas, Nikolaos: Hellenistic Pottery from the Agora of Pella and the Broader Region,Thessaloniki 2001

342 pages

The dissertation studies a total of 110 finds from the archaeological site of the Agora and the surrounding region of the ancient city. There is a characteristic variety of finds belonging to almost all the categories of Hellenistic pottery, therefore covering a broad time spectrum (from the early 4th century to the early 1st century BC). The study is divided into three parts. The first makes a short presentation of the Agora, in the form it has taken in the past twenty years through the systematic excavations of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Then, the study presents a list of 110 finds, followed by a separate section that examines the items individually regarding their use, names and typological evolution of each item. The third, and last, section studies the decoration, morphology and technique of the vases. The conclusion puts forward the observations that arose out of the study of the 110 objects, which are related to pottery of the Macedonian capital.

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Veropoulidou, Rena: Sea-Shells from Building A of Toumba in Thessaloniki,Thessaloniki 2002

119 pages

    A) tables of species (14 pages)
    _) tables of sites (9 pages)
    C) photographs of species from building A (3 pages)

The present dissertation deals with the study of a number of sea-shells found in the settlement of Toumba in Thessaloniki. The study aims at presenting a comprehensive and documented image, as well as a first interpretive approach to the find. The first chapter discusses the classification mode of the shells and includes a description of their external morphological characteristics. The second chapter incorporates building A in the settlement, and presents the results of archaeological research in Toumba, Thessaloniki. The third chapter presents the analytical and interpretive tools that have been formed and have formed, in their turn, the analyses of shells mainly in foreign literature. The following chapter presents the methodology of the settlement study, and the way the data is connected. Finally, there is an attempt to interpret the results of the study of these shells.

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Chioti, Irini: The Portraits of the Antonines Dynasty in the Provinces of Achaia, Macedonia, and Epirus,Thessaloniki 2002

119 pages
Annex: 44 tables of photographs.

The present dissertation focuses on the portraits of the emperors and members of the Antonines dynasty from the provinces of Achaia, Macedonia and Epirus. At the same time, the study examines the portraits of the emperors' wives, that is, Faustina the Elder, and her daughter Faustina the Younger. Portraits of Lucilla and Crispina have not been found in the provinces under study. The project also studies two prince portraits of the daughter of Marcus Aurelius, as well as a portrait of Aelius Verus. The first chapter of the dissertation refers in brief to certain historic elements from the era of the Antonines and presents some bibliographic information for each person studied. The second chapter presents a list of the portraits that are thought to belong to the dynasty. This is followed in chapter three by certain observations regarding the depicting types of the Greek portraits and their relation to the metropolitan works. The fourth chapter studies the relation of the Antonines with the Greek provinces, and makes a brief reference to the imperial constitutions. The dissertation closes with the conclusions and the tables of portraits.

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Papageorgiou, Nikolaos: The Iconostasis of the Monastery of the Dormition of Virgin Mary in Spilaio, Grevena,Thessaloniki 1997

108 pages
Annex: 27 tables of photographs.

If one examines the icons of the iconostasis in the Monastery of the Dormition of Virgin Mary in Spilaio, s/he realizes that there is a connection between the artists and the artistic workshops active at the time in the region of Epirus and Western Macedonia. The 16th and mainly the 17th centuries marked the economic development of mountainous communities in Epirus and Western Macedonia, which resulted in the renovation and construction of many churches and monasteries. During the same period, there is a number of local icon-painters who convey many characteristic-stylistic elements of the artistic trend prevalent in the third decade of the 16th century in Epirus in icons and wall-paintings of the late 16th and 17th centuries. Due to this situation, we find similarities in the wall-painting depictions in the church of Zoodochos Pigi in Polyfylos of Epirus, and the Monastery of Agios Nikolaos of the Averof Tositsa Institute in Metsovo.

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Sidera, Fotini: Cataloguing of Works of Art Using a Computer: Theory and Practice.
The Case of the Collection of AUTh Portraits
,Thessaloniki 1997

219 pages
Annex: 1) Graphic presentation of all the files of data and the files of correlation within the squares 2) All the screens of applications 3) All the screens of input-change of information, both the basic data files, and the correlation files 4) Samples of each list that can be printed from the specific computer system.

This is an original and primary material, which reflects the history of the university, and puts down the questions about the artistic forces of the country in the field of portraiture. The dissertation attempts a first description and analysis of the most important problems related to the issue under consideration. Computers are described from a technical perspective, and their relation with the history of art. The study also analyzes the methodology for the establishment of a computer system, and everything one should know if s/he intends to create a computer system that will manage data. Finally, there is a description of activities for the creation of a specific information system, the entire technical equipment, and the software used, and all the procedures followed in order to complete the information system.

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Kyriakidou, Maria: Stone Industry of Phases III and IV (Late Phases of the Early Neolithic Age) in the Vasilika Settlement in South Thessaloniki,Thessaloniki 1991

104 pages
Annex: 25 tables, 15 drawings, 10 photographs.

The study aims at giving a first approach to the issue of the products of prehistoric stone industry in Vasilika. This first approach starts with the description and separation of different groups of stone industry products, as the they emerge during the production process. This first approach concerning their distribution both in space and time follows the technological approach; however, it cannot be very accurate due to the excavation method used. The examination of this collection from the region of Vasilika started from an initial study and the separation of products on the basis of their production process and through the study of certain characteristics (type, dimensions, etc.). Then, the study continued on the basis of the kind of product, which was followed by an overall study in order to draw conclusions concerning the diversification of products in space and time. Finally, the present study closes with more general conclusions concerning the site of Vasilika, the material of stone industry and the economy of the settlement.

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Nikakis, Dimitris: Incised Pottery of Dispilio in Kastoria,Thessaloniki 2003

89 pages
Annex: A) 3 pages of drawings _) 15 pages of photographs.

The present study focuses on incised pottery from the excavation of the Neolithic settlement in Dispilio. The first chapter briefly analyses the stages of ceramic technology, and defines the category of pottery to be studied. This is followed by an overview of archaeological research undertaken in the region of Macedonia in general, and more specifically in western Macedonia. The following chapters, that comprise the main part of the dissertation, determine the research sample and analyse the rationale of the present study, followed by the results of the processing of the material. Then, the incised motifs are examined, classified on the basis of their morphological characteristics, their variations and their position on the vases analyzed. The following chapter studies the site of incised pottery in Dispilio in Macedonia, its similarities and differences from other significant sites of the region.

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Vergidou, Aphrodite: Two-storey Neolithic Buildings in Northern Greece, the Balkans and Southeast Europe,Thessaloniki

109 pages
Annex :A) 4 tables _) 65 photographs

The present study focuses on two-storey buildings found in certain settlements of Northern Greece, the Balkans and Southeast Europe, dated to the Neolithic Age and the Bronze Age. At the same time, the study examines oblong buildings which are a special and characteristic architectural unit of Central Europe of the Neolithic Age. Finally, there is a reference to two-storey models of houses brought to light by excavations in Northern Greece and similar models from various sites in the Balkans and Southeast Europe. The present study aims at clarifying that both two-storey buildings and the other buildings of a settlement should not be approached as passive but as active elements, which directly influence and are influenced by the social context; consequently, they have a multi-dimensional role to play within the environment of prehistoric communities.

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Dafou, Sofia: GIS Applications in the Surface Research of Lagadas,Thessaloniki 2002

119 pages
Annex : A) 66 drawing _) 77 tables C) 82 photographs.

The present dissertation studies a GIS application in the Lagadas basin. It aims at investigating the contribution of Geographic Information Systems to data analysis of a surface study with an emphasis on land archaeology. On the basis of the analysis of environmental data, the author studied the distribution of sites and recorded its development in time during the Neolithic Age, the Bronze Age, and finally the Iron Age. At the same time, the study attempts to trace the impact of the social environment on site distribution.

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Basogianni, Despoina: Study of the Peristeri Surface Site in the Lagadas Basin,Thessaloniki 2001

137 pages
Annex :

    a) 9 pages of maps
    b) 2 air photographs of the region under study
    c) 4 pages of photographs
    d) 14 pages of statistical tables
    e) 14 pages of drawings
    f) 8 pages of distribution maps

The dissertation studies a surface archaeological site near the village of Peristeri in the Prefecture of Kilkis, found after research in Lagadas in 1998. The first chapter of the project presents some general information about surface research projects, their history-development in Greece, the various types, and whether they are time-specific or not. The second chapter provides information on surface research in Lagadas, its goals and methods, as well as the results. The following chapter gives a series of data concerning the natural environment of the Lagadas basin, and mentions the indication of environmental change in the region of Peristeri. This is followed by information on the surface sites located in the region of Peristeri during the research of 1998. The following chapters present the characteristics of flat extensive settlements, the processes that contribute to the formation of surface dregs, and the distribution of the surface material of the site in space. The tenth and last chapter provides the conclusions arising from the study of this surface site.

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Poulakakis, Nektarios: Coroplastic Art from Pella. The Case of Well 3,Thessaloniki 2002

329 pages

    a) 9 drawingsm
    b) 39 photographs-tables of figurines

The present dissertation studies a total of 34 clay figurines found in a well in the Agora of the city. However, the study of coroplastic art in a region is a difficult project. The main objective of the present study is the typological classification and interpretive approach to the presented figurines. The short introduction for the region of Pella and its Agora is followed by a detailed descriptive list where the figurines are classified in general types. The following chapter refers to their construction technique, and gives a detailed typological study for each figurine separately. The following chapter attempts an interpretive approach to the figurines per category. This is followed by the chapter of their dating, and the dissertation closes with the conclusions. At the end, there is a short chapter on the conservation of the material.

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Dimitriou, Olga: The Private Residence in Macedonia and Thrace during the Classical and Hellenistic Periods,Thessaloniki 1994

164 pages
Annex: 6 drawings

The present dissertation aims at collecting all the archaeological material available on the private residences of Macedonia and Thrace during the Classical and Hellenistic periods (5th century B.C. - 31 B.C.). The study is divided into three chapters. The first chapter presents the Classical and Hellenistic residences of Macedonia (except for Chalkidiki), and more specifically the residences of Pella, Vergina, Florina, Petres, Aiani, Tragilos, Amphipolis, and Thasos. The following chapter presents the residences of Thrace. The third and last chapter gives some general observations and conclusions, examines the overall material, and compares it with the respective material from other sites in Greece.

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Yimatzidis, Stephanos: Silvered Pottery. A Sub-Protogeometric Local Ware of Northern Greece,Thessaloniki 1997

114 pages
Annex : 34 tables

The present thesis studies 168 sherds collected from the area of the ancient settlement in the double table of Anchialos; the sherds are decorated with geometric motifs and was given the conventional title "Silvered" ware. This double table of Anchialos is situated in the western part of Thessaloniki. The sherds collected from the excavation and studied in the present dissertation are considered to a certain extend representative of the various types of local and imported pottery found in the double table. These sherds come from wheel-made vessels distinguished for their decoration with geometric motifs, and the silverfish slip on which the ornaments were painted usually in a mauvish colour.

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Nakos, Athanasios: Depictions of Mount Athos on Engravings,Thessaloniki 1998

105 pages

The present dissertation focuses on the depiction of the monasteries and other holy foundations on Holy Mount Athos, and more generally on the Athos peninsula, on engravings. These engravings are dated from the early 16th century to the present. The study aims at identifying the way Mount Athos is depicted during these four centuries. The author wishes to discuss all the engravings and draw certain conclusions about the formulation of the artistic result through time. However, in order to reach these conclusions, one should explore the reasons these engravings were created for, as well as the pursuits and objectives of the engravers.

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Naplantis, Dimitris: The Cemetery in the Grounds of the Museum of Byzantine Culture in Thessaloniki,Thessaloniki 1998

209 pages
Appendix :

    a) Index of graves and objects.
    b) List of drawings, tables, excavation drawings (16 pages of drawings, 12 excavation drawings, 72 pages of tables)

The present project focuses on the excavation undertaken in the grounds of the Museum of Byzantine Culture, and more specifically the part of the excavation which included part of the eastern cemetery of Thessaloniki. The dissertation is structured in six chapters. The short introduction analyzing the background of the excavation and the methodology is followed by chapters referring to the cemetery, the dating of coins and the typology of the graves (tile-roofed, cist graves, vaulted graves, shaft graves, free burials). The fourth chapter attempts to classify and develop a typology for the finds, while the next section gives the excavation conclusions. The sixth and last chapter discusses the cemetery of Thessaloniki.

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Panti, Anna: Pottery from Pit C of the Lower Table of Anchialos,Thessaloniki 1999

Volume A 170 pages, Volume B 55 pages with a list of geometric sherds,9 pages with a list of shapes, 24 pages of drawings,56 pages of tables pages

The material of the present study comes from Pit C located in the Northeastern side of the Lower Table of Anchialos. The majority of the pottery found in the pit comprises unglazed sherds, skypoi, dishes and basins. There is a number of black-glazed sherds, and a few figurines most of which depict female figures. Finally, there are a few sherds of red-figure vases. The material of the study is divided into five chapters. The first deals with geometric pottery, the second with "silvered" pottery, and the third with black-glazed pottery. The fourth chapter refers to unglazed pottery and the fifth to weaving weights.

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Nitsou, Aglaia: Building E in Toumba, Thessaloniki,Thessaloniki 2001

149 pages
Appendix : 52 photographs

The main axis of the present project has been the restructuring of excavation data that were found in building E. The first part of the study develops the general theoretical and methodological framework, and briefly comments on the excavation methods applied in Toumba, Thessaloniki. The second part is divided into two sections. The first section mentions the general characteristics of the settlement, while the second discusses the restructuring of the architecture and stratigraphy of building E.

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Papadopoulou, Vetta,“The Comnenes Pontic Association of Drama, The Survival and Preservation of Pontic Consciousness” MA 1987

77pp. and a lengthy appendix containing statutes and proceedings of the association, photographs, and other material.

The thesis examines what the association has contributed to the life of Drama and how it has helped to clarify the essence of Pontic consciousness, to preserve and propagate it, to transmit the experiences of refugees from the Pontus from generation to generation, and any changes that have taken place over the generations.

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Gatsios, Christos,“Greek Foreign Policy and Diplomatic Actions in Connection with the Macedonian Struggle” MA 1987

59 pp.

This thesis discusses the efforts to re-organise the local Greek diplomatic delegations (consulates, vice-consulates, agencies) in the various towns in Turkish-held Macedonia, as a means of organising and uniformly controlling the struggle to deal with Bulgarian propaganda in the region and for liberation from Ottoman domination.

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Xanthopoulou, Kalliopi,“Macedonia in the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age” MA 1988

190 pp. and 11 pp. of tables and drawings.

This five-chapter thesis examines cultural evolution (spatial, social, and economic organisation, burial customs, pottery, metalwork) in Macedonia in these historical periods. On the basis of archaeological evidence, it shows the relations of the various parts of Macedonia both with each other and with southern Greece in the Late Bronze Age, when Mycenaean civilisation was flourishing, and in the Early Iron Age, when Geometric art made its appearance.

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Deltsou, Eleftheria,“Tradition and Politics, The Operation of Two Cultural Associations in Halkidiki” MA 1988

75 pp. with an appendix containing information about the associations’ members and publishing activities, as also the questionnaire compiled by the writer.

Having studied the process of integrating the refugees from the Asia Minor Disaster into Greek society, the writer starts asking questions about the establishment of cultural associations, is their purpose merely to meet the need to transmit a national identity and pass on a tradition, or do they serve other, wider needs of the members of village society? She selects two cultural associations in Halkidiki, one in a refugee village and the other in a village of native Halkidikians, ensuring that both communities have certain geomorphological and economic features in common. Having profiled both associations, she then (in the four chapters of the thesis) examines their role in the society in which they were established, their political dimension, their perception of tradition and of such modern socio-economic phenomena as tourism. She concludes that‘the social mechanisms that arouse in the individual the need for certain identities also steer him/her towards the kind of identities among which s/he may choose. The specific choice the individual makes . . . depends in each case on the specific circumstances in which it is made.’

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Kambouri, Evangelia A., “The Architectural Type of the Greek School Buildings in Eastern Macedonia (late 19th–early 20th c.)” MA 1989

134 pp.

This study looks at the architectural type of the Greek school buildings in the sanjak of Drama in the decades leading up to liberation in 1912. A considerable number of schools still survive in the province of Macedonia, buildings that were the product of an established architecture that was used for community school buildings. National and political factors, the economic status of each community, and the influence of architectural trends in the wider area of the Balkans, Europe, and the free Greek state all exerted a decisive influence on the architectural type of the schools. The scale of the buildings and the architectural solutions that were implemented chiefly reflect the pressure exerted on the Greek population by the dominant Ottoman element, and also by other ethnic groups. Another determining factor was the rivalry between neighbouring villages and the desire of each community to outdo its neighbour with the architectural merit of its school, while an equally important factor was the general economic status of the area.

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Nistikaki Marianthi,“The Ionian Centre, Thessaloniki, A Contribution to the Preservation of the Asia Minor Identity” MA 1989

89 pp. with an appendix relating to the Ionian Centre, its members, and the research method.

The thesis studies the refugee associations as voluntary incorporations within the social environoment, with special reference to the Ionian Centre, a Smyrnaean society with members who in fact hailed from all over western Asia Minor. The study uses interviews as a tool for investigating how the refugee experience and the refugee identity are handed on from one generation to the next. It also examines the process of the three generations’ integration into Greek society at a social and an ideological level, how their identity changed during the process of adaptation, and their historical consciousness and how it is transmitted from the first generation onwards.

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Sismanidis, Kostas L.,“Klines and Kline-like Structures in Macedonian Tombs” PhD 1990

412 pp. and 27 tables

Apart from the bibliography and the introduction, the thesis is divided into three parts of two chapters each, acompanied by two addenda with supplementary information about the burial customs and the other contents of Macedonian tombs in addition to the klines. The thesis fills a large gap in the literature on the burial klines and kline-like structures in ancient Greece in general and Macedonia in particular, because it is a very long time since the earlier studies on the subject were published; the number of Macedonian tombs and klines has increased considerably in the interim, and they survive in excellent condition, so an approach to the subject is now easier and more certain. Klines and kline-like structures from sepulchral monuments in Macedonia are grouped and defined on the basis of their external and internal form and shape, the materials from which they are constructed, their dimensions, their decoration, their functional role in relation to the burial customs, and their relationship to the burial chambers.

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Foundanopoulos, Konstandinos,“The Statutes of the Trade Unions in Thessaloniki (1914–1936) as a Source for the History of the Labour Movement” MA 1990

129 pp. with an appendix of the names of the unions in Thessaloniki in the period in question.

The main aim of the thesis is to present and study the statutes of the labour organisations in Thessaloniki and the surrounding area so as to show not only the progress of the working class in Thessaloniki and the degree of its organisational development, but also the extent of the unions’ political intervention in social developments between the wars.

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Hadziandoniou-Delivoyadzi, Chryssanthi,“The Churches of Kolindros” MA 1990

43 pp. , 14 drawings and 16 pp. of photographs.

The churches of Kolindros may not embody spectacular achievements in terms of typology or structure, but they fill in the picture of the post-Byzantine basilicas of Macedonia as representatives of the type in Pieria, a little studied area yet so rich in monuments. The Kolindros churches are large, their dates unknown prior to this investigation, and their morphological features and their treasures are interesting. They offer good and interesting examples of ecclesiastical architecture and its monuments in Pieria.

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Savvopoulou, Thomae,“Organisation and Use of Space in the Prehistoric Settlements in Pella Prefecture” MA 1991

65 pp., 10 tables and maps.

The geographical position of Macedonia makes it a very important region for resolving fundamental questions in European, particularly Balkan, prehistory. Nonetheless, until a few years ago scarcely any systematic investigations had been carried out into Macedonian prehistory. In this eight-part thesis, the writer locates and records the prehistoric sites in Pella prefecture (where the main focus of archaeological investigations has been the discovery of the capital of the ancient kingdom of Macedon), reconstructs the geographical environment and the socio-economic conditions related to it, and makes an initial approach to the question of the organisation and use of space in the settlements.

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Papadopoulou, Katerina,“Food Policy and Food Supply in Thessaloniki During the Occupation” MA 1992

131 pp. and an appendix with diagrams of how the food-supply service was organised in Thessaloniki.

On the basis of the archives of the autonomous Food-Supply Service of Thessaloniki, the thesis examines the food problem in Macedonia during the Occupation. Through a study of the national food policy and the factors that determined its scope and efficacy, the writer seeks to explain the nature of, the reasons for, and the impact of the social misery and the massive food-supply problem experienced in Greece during the period of Occupation.

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Pelayidis, Efstathios,“The Rehabilitation of the Refugees in Western Macedonia (1923–1930)” PhD 1992

452 pp. with an appendix of sources, analytical tables, an index, and an extensive bibliography.

This study aspires to make up for the lack of thorough, systematic research into the rehabilitation of refugees. Western Macedonia, a naturally self-sufficient and coherent region with compact Moslem and refugee populations, offers a particularly clear-cut case of exchange of populations and rehabilitation of refugees. As an area, it offers a complete cross-section for what was probably the major social and historical event of the 1920s. The thesis covers the subject from the establishment of the Commission for the Rehabilitation of Refugees, the exchange and transfer of populations, rehabilitation and all the allied problems to the completion and evaluation of the work of rehabilitation.

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Karamanes, Vangelis,“Dotsiko, The Economic and Social Transformation of a Stock-breeding Community in the Grevena Area” MA 1993

63 pp. and 5 maps.

The thesis examines the land reform, when the large estates were redistributed (1917–25) and the nomadic stock-breeding communities (tselingata) disintegrated, the aftermath of the Civil War as a reason why the inhabitants of Dotsiko migrated or settled permanently on the plains, and changes within the community as factors influencing the socio-economic transformation of Dotsiko in the 20th century, particularly between the start and the end of the Civil War.

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Xydopoulos, I. K.,“Social and Cultural Relations between the Macedonians and the Southern Greeks, A Contribution to Research into the Literary and Epigraphical Tradition Relating to Ancient Macedonia” PhD 1994

pp. IV–XIII, 230 pp. of text and 3 appendices of sources and English summary pp. 231–4.

In this five-part thesis, the writer presents and comments on the literary and, particularly, the epigraphical evidence concerning the relations between the Macedonians and the southern Greeks, chiefly in terms of social and cultural contact. The study was motivated by the distinction made by some of the literary sources (very few, in fact, as the writer shows) between the Macedonians and the rest of the Greeks (a distinction, however, that carries no ethnic implications), as also by the fact that a vast body of epigraphical material which essentially argues against the established distinction has yet to be systematically gathered together and exploited in all its breadth and depth. The main question therefore remains, how did the Macedonians regard themselves, ethnically speaking? Why does the literary evidence pay no heed to what the epigraphical evidence incontrovertibly shows, namely that the Macedonians were a Hellenic tribe?

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Sofronidou Marina,“Problems of Prehistoric Pottery, Surface Pottery from Eastern Macedonia” MA 1995

125 pp., 15 maps, 52 drawings, 10 photographs and an extensive bibliography.

Five chapters, addendum, and appendix. Despite the surge in investigations and interest before the War, modern research, by foreign archaeological schools, relating to prehistoric Macedonia did not start until the 1960s, and it was not until the’70s that investigations were stepped up on the Greek side. This thesis presents the prehistoric surface pottery from ten of the eleven sites located during superficial explorations in the Drama basin and part of the Serres basin, in the foothills of Menikio and Pangaio.

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Proufa, Evangelia G.“Traditional Crops and the Foodstuffs Produced from the Raw Materials Derived from Them in Katakali, Grevena Prefecture” MA 1992

133 pp. and drawings.

This thesis looks at arable land, crops, agricultural implements, animals, seed, sowing and harvest, beliefs and customs, proverbs and common expressions relating to the whole production chain, from production to consumption, of the basic foodstuffs produced by the people of Katakali, Grevena prefecture.

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Arabadzi, Christina,“Refugees from Papazli in Magnesia, Asia Minor, Life‘Back Home’, the Process of their Integration, and the Refugee Identity” MA 1993

89 pp.

This five-part thesis examines one aspect of the important subject of the social integration of the Asia Minor refugees in Greece and the social changes engendered by this, specifically, adaptation to the new environment, the preservation of the refugee identity through cohabitation with the local element, and how the three generations of refugees experience this identity in the small community of refugees from Papazli in Magnesia, Asia Minor, who live in Zagliveri, Thessaloniki prefecture, and are greatly outnumbered by the native inhabitants.

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Dayoulkas, Stavros,“Political and Administration History of Byzantine Thessaloniki during the period 1300–1341” MA 1993

120 pp.

This five-part thesis examines the first half of the 14th century in Thessaloniki, a period of prosperity and splendour when the rest of the Byzantine Empire, particularly Constantinople, was in decline and disarray. The second city was the epicentre of political events and spiritual movements. This, the Palaeologan period in Thessaloniki, the high noon of theology and ancient learning, was a curious, exceptional case of intellectual and urban development in the weak, defenceless, steadily shrinking Byzantine Empire.

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Vamvouri-Dimaki, Christina F.“The Educational Work of the Bulgarians in Kavala during its Third Occupation (1941–1944) in the Framework of their Educational Policy” MA 1995

This three-part thesis examines the educational measures that were implemented by the Bulgarian conquerors of Eastern Macedonia in the Kavala area in an attempt to de-Hellenise the inhabitants and present the area as purely Bulgarian. The writer discusses the Bulgarians’ educational policy in the‘newly liberated’ territories under their occupation and the effects of this policy in Kavala, and includes excerpts from personal testimonies, as also circulars and other documents relating to the Bulgarian educational policy in the area.

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Andoniou, P.,“The Art Poster in Thessaloniki” MA 1994

157 pp.

This thesis offers a brief presentation of posters from Thessaloniki. It examines postwar works and trends that were chiefly connected with specific cultural and economic events in the city, such as the International Fair, the Demetria Festival, the Film Festival, and the performances staged by the State Theatre of Northern Greece, as also a selection of posters concerning more general subjects, such as politics and celebrations.

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Lykourinos, Kyriakos,“The Greek Vice-Consulate in Kavala (1835–1878), A Contribution to the History of the Greeks of Eastern Macedonia and Western Thrace” MA 1994

155 pp.

This four-part thesis aims to shed light on some unknown aspects of the modern local history of Kavala and the general region of Eastern Macedonia and Western Thrace. The writer presents the historical background from an economic, social, and political point of view, and then looks at the‘identity’ of the consulate, the reasons why it was established, its relations with the local community, and how it elected to express Greek policy. He finally examines the actions taken by the consulate to protect the local Greek population from the Ottoman rulers and also from Bulgarian machinations, and gives information about the life and times of the various agents and vice-consuls in the period in question.

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Kameas, Haralambos,“The Serbian Free Zone at Thessaloniki (1913–1929)” MA 1994

89 pp. with an appendix of documents.

The question of the Serbian Free Trade Zone in the port of Thessaloniki has occupied a prominent position in the long chain of Greek-Yugoslav relations in the 20th century, but it has never been a subject of Greek historiography. This thesis presents the diplomatic background to the creation of the zone from the Greek point of view, overshadowed by the more general balance of forces in the Balkans, chiefly with regard to the Macedonian Question.

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Dordanas, Efstratios N.,“Thessaloniki and Macedonia under German Occupation (1941–1943)” MA 1996

195 pp.

This six-part thesis gives a composite picture of the occupation of Thessaloniki and the wider area of Macedonia as it took shape from the start of the German invasion. The writer looks at the German interventions in the organisation and running of Greek local government, the relations between the German Military Command of Thessaloniki and the Aegean and the Bulgarian Military Command in the annexed areas of Eastern Macedonia and Western Thrace and how these developed in relation to the interests the two allies were pursuing, the resistance activities, and the mopping-up operations carried out by the Germans, as also the social and economic ramifications that were anyway commonplace in Greece in this period.

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Karabati, Persefoni, G.,“Social Restructuring in Western Macedonia during the Macedonian Struggle” MA 1996

158 pp. with an appendix of 111 documents relating to the Macedonian Struggle.

This thesis investigates the stance of the Macedonian communities in the national struggle of 1904–8, the changes in the hitherto traditional society, and the wider political and social changes brought about by the appearance and the activity of the armed bands in the Macedonian countryside, until the region was incorporated into the Greek state. The community of Yerma is taken as a typical example and the basic research material is the archive of Steryos Missios, a notable of the village. The archive contains 135 documents spanning the period 1791–1923, and the material is divided into four groups:



    Ottoman state documents and identification papers from the beginning of the twentieth century;


    private agreements, deeds of sale, and bonds from the period 1791–1923;


    manuscripts, letters, receipts for expenses and payments from the armed phase of the Macedonian Struggle;


    documents relating to the war operations of 1912; and


    two private letters of 1914 and 1916.

Most of the documents in the archive relate to the life of the ordinary inhabitants of Yerma as regards the institution of local community government, the disturbance of the traditional order in the community caused by the appearance of the guerrillas who were fighting in the Macedonian Struggle, and the consequences of their intervention in the community institution in 1904–8 and 1912–13. The first three chapters describe the organisation of community life and activity in Macedonia, the traditional agents of authority (community and church leaders, brigands), the changes in the administrative machinery brought about by the appearance and activity of the armed bands and the organisation of the Struggle (Macedonian Committee, consulates of Monastir and Thessaloniki, leaders of the Struggle and of the bands), the relations between soldiers and captains, chieftains and notables, local equilibriums, and party rivalries. Chapter Four focuses on and develops the specific example of the community of Yerma.

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Michailidis, Iakovos D.,“Slavonic-speaking Emigrants and Refugees from Macedonia and Western Thrace (1912–1930)” PhD 1996

240 pp. with an appendix of sources, tables Maps, and bibliography.

This eleven-part thesis contributes to the study of the demographic changes that took place in the New Greek Provinces of Macedonia and Western Thrace, after they had been liberated from Ottoman and Turkish rule. On the basis of the successive waves of emigration by the Slavophone population to Bulgaria and Yugoslavia between 1912 and 1930, the writer also examines the ethnic make-up of Macedonia, the attitude of the Greek authorities towards the Slavophones, and the question of the property of, and the compensation awarded to, those who chose to emigrate.

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Sythiakaki, Vassiliki,“The Architectural Decoration in the Martyrs’ Frieze in the Dome of the Rotunda in Thessaloniki” MA 1996

149 pp., 116 photographs and 179 figures and drawings.

The Rotunda in Thessaloniki was built by the Roman emperor Galerius Caesar in the first decade of the 4th century, probably as a mausoleum for himself. Later on, however, it was converted into a Christian church with architectural additions and mosaic decoration of outstanding artistry. The dating of this conversion remains a problem, as does the building’s new identity and the uranological significance of the decoration. On the basis of objective, though not infallible, excavational data, this study asserts that the monument was converted in the mid-fifth century in the reign of Theodosius II. The decoration represents the Heavenly Jerusalem, the Paradise of Christian teaching, the believer ascends towards God together with the martyrs and is vouchsafed the sight of Divine Majesty.

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Imamidis, Yannis,“Social Organisation in Macedonia in the Third Millennium BC” MA 1997

129 pp., 31 illustrations, 12 tables and bibliography.

Divided into six chapters, this thesis begins with a brief exposition of the basic archaeological characteristics of the third millennium bc. It then examines the various opinions relating to the developments in economic and social organisation (changing practices in agriculture and stock-breeding, new styles in pottery, developments in the treatment of bronze, a variety of tomb types and burial customs, architectural diversification at an intracommunal and intercommunal level, increasing numbers of settlements, new crops) in central Europe and southern mainland Greece, which make up the general geographical area encompassing Macedonia. On the basis of the few, poor-quality excavational data (pottery, burial mounds, burial goods, the first fortified settlements) and the results of extensive surface investigations, the writer examines which of these characteristics and developments apply to Macedonia, in order to determine as far as possible the relations of Macedonia as a region linking central Europe and the southern Greek mainland.

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Kasvikis, Kostas,“Bronze Age Settlements in Eastern Macedonia, Intracommunal and Intercommunal Organization and their Natural Environment” MA nd

226 pp., extensive bibliography, list of sites, 27 tables, 13 drawings and 17 maps.

This thesis presents and analyses a number of data from the point of view of the discussion surrounding the archaeology of space, as also more recent approaches to the environment, ecology, and the landscape. The point is to study the differences in the (intracommunal and intercommunal) use of space, what these implied for human survival, the economy, social organisation, and the probable reasons for the differences in time and space. The study covers the whole of the Bronze Age (3,300–1,100 bc) in Eastern Macedonia, and also makes comparisons with other parts of Macedonia, the southern Balkans, and the Aegean in general.

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Papadopoulos, Stratis,“The Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age in Eastern Macedonia, The Changes in Pottery” PhD 1997

268 pp., bibliography (pp. 271–318) and 30 illustrations and tables.

In this two-part, ten-chapter thesis, the writer seeks to explain a striking change that took place in Eastern Macedonia in the 4th millennium bc, the abandonment or disappearance towards the end of the Neolithic period of a long and noteworthy decorative tradition in pottery and the predominance in the Early Bronze Age of a clearly different ceramic output. Apart from making methodological and archaeological observations, the writer also analyses the geographical, cultural, economic, habitational, and ideological features of the area under examination in the two aforementioned periods. With reference to the change in pottery, he examines the changes in other areas of life and activity in Eastern Macedonia. He concludes that it is necessary to examine in conjunction a large number of parameters relating to the natural environment and the economic strategies of the Neolithic populations, parameters which, being interdependent, were probably responsible for the cultural change that took place at the end of the Neolithic both in the survival practices and in the social and institutional framework of the community.

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Hadzianastassiou, Tassos,“Armed Resistance Groups during the Bulgarian Occupation of Eastern Macedonia and Western Thrace, 1941–1944, A Contribution to the History of the Greek National Resistance” PhD 1998

469 pp.

The initial impetus for the writer was the fact that the areas in question have been somewhat neglected in the writing of modern Greek history, though their history is in fact replete with demographic upheavals, national and social struggles, and political events. The thesis also rises to the challenge to develop Greek historiography about these areas, which have been the focus of much, frequently chauvinistic, Bulgarian literature. Lastly, the subject of the national resistance deserves special attention, because it makes it possible to study a local community in depth on the basis of the components that made up, at least in the postwar period, the whole of the social and national structure of Greece.

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Gounaris, Yeoryios,“The Frescoes in Agioi Apostoloi and the Panagia Rasiotissa at Kastoria, A Contribution to the Study of post-Byzantine Painting” PhD 1998

xix + 182 pp., 4 drawings and 50 tables, with an index of representations and proper names.

Religious painting after the fall of Constantinople constitutes one of the most splendid cultural manifestations after the collapse of the Byzantine Empire. This thesis publishes two monuments, which, though contemporary, represent two different trends in iconography. The wall-paintings in these two monuments, the Churches of Agioi Apostoloi and the Panagia Rasiotissa in Kastoria, are examined here from the point of view of their iconography and style.

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Lilibaki-Akamati Maria,“Rock-cut Chamber Tombs at Pella” PhD 1987

xxxi + 394 pp. + 67 drawings + 144 tables

This thesis examines chamber tombs in Hellenistic Macedonia with particular emphasis on the architectural form of the rock-cut chamber tombs at Pella. It looks at the architectural and painted decoration of the tombs and the layout of the interior, and comments on the dating and the architectural development of this type in relation to similar monuments outside Macedonia. The writer also examines the burials in these tombs, the grave goods, their typology and iconography, and the dating of the tombs, and also records information about burial customs, distinctive local features, and the use and significance of the grave goods.

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Adam-Veleni, P.,“Macedonian Altars, Honorary and Grave Altars of the Imperial Period in Thessaloniki, Capital of the Province of Macedonia, and Beroia, Capital of the Koinon of the Macedonians” PhD 1996

vi + 342 pp., 82 tables, 367 photographs of altars and 366 photographs of inscriptions.

Thessaloniki and Beroia were important cities in the Roman province of Macedonia. They had close ties and played a leading role throughout the period of Roman rule. Both cities together have yielded a considerable number of altars, which make it possible to conduct an analytical and comparative study of each type of altar, since they are representative of the evolution of the type in Macedonia. Having drawn the basic distinction between honorary and grave altars, the writer assembles and systematically catalogues the altars by architectural type, studies the function and provenance of each type, and comments on the decoration (thematic repertory and iconography by period) and the texts of the inscriptions. She thus discerns the presence and repetition of specific characteristics that may help to identify and locate the workshops that produced them.

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Astrinidou-Kotsaki, Pelayia,“The Urban Market in the Period of Ottoman Rule, The Bezesten in Thessaloniki, a Typical Example of Architectural and Economic Function” 1993

125 pp., 31 drawings and 24 photographs

This four-chapter study discusses, the residential organisation of the city in the Turkish period; the geographical area of the Balkans and Asia Minor; the demographic changes within this area; the development of the communications network through the opening-up and development of commercial routes; the system of land ownership and the changes it underwent over time; the economic function of the market in the cities; the architecture of the market buildings as compared to other, chiefly commercial, buildings; the architectural type of the bezesten; and its economic function within the historical and economic framework it served— in relation, that is, to the economic progress of the Ottoman state. Special reference is made to the bezesten of Thessaloniki and its architectural and structural features are studied in detail.

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Sarayotis, Andonis,“Visual Arts in Thessaloniki (1920–1970)” MA 1991

87 pp. of text, 40 pp. of artists’ works, 29 pp. of a list of visual art exhibitions in Thessaloniki by decade and a 29-page index of artists.

The writer discusses the visual artists who have exhibited their work in Thessaloniki and also the critical reception accorded their work. His starting point is the 1920s, which saw the start of an ongoing, uninterrupted movement in the visual arts in the city; and he stops at 1970, because circumstances changed in the visual arts after this, as many private galleries, cultural centres, and the School of Fine Arts opened.

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Karalidou, Fotini,“The Integration of the Inhabitants of Kizderved, Asia Minor, in Greece” MA 1992

128 pp., 5 photographs, 7 maps and an addendum about the research method.

The inhabitants of the village of Kizderved in the province of Bethynia, Asia Minor, took to the road as refugees during the exchange of populations between Greece and Turkey. Most of them became the exclusive population of the village of Valtotopi, Kilkis prefecture, while others lived with local people, and also Pontic and Thracian refugees, in nearby villages in Paionia province (Ryzia, Yerakona, Fillyria, and Polypetro). The thesis looks at economic and social life and organisation in the old and the new homeland, the refugees’ relations with each other and with their neighbours in the old and the new homeland, the changes they underwent, as refugees, in relation to the other social, political, and economic developments in their environment (the Civil War, for instance, or their co-existence with other elements), and finally the development and maintenance of the refugee consciousness over three generations.

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Hodzidis, Angelos A.,“Efthymios Kaoudis, Memoirs of the Macedonian Struggle (1903–1907)” MA 1994

233 pp., 2 maps and five appendices, the text of the memoirs, documents from the Kaoudis archive, a list of Macedonian place-names.

A Cretan chieftain active in Macedonia from 1903 to 1906 and also in the Balkan Wars, Kaoudis lived in Thessaloniki until his death in 1956. He was a founder and pillar of the Pavlos Melas Association of Macedonian Veterans from 1929 onwards. He wrote his memoirs in Thessaloniki after the Second World War, giving a lively and vivid account of his activities as the leader of a band between 1903 and 1906 in Macedonia. He also provides an abundance of detailed information, both as an observer and as one actively involved, about everyday life in the West Macedonian countryside. He talks about the relations between the men in his band, their relations with other bands, band leaders, the organisers of the Struggle, and relations with the local inhabitants of the Macedonian villages.

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Melidou-Kefala, Glykeria,“Refugees from Silla, Iconium, The Adaptation of a Population of Merchants in Greece” MA 1987

120 pp. with 20 pp. of photographs.

Through thirty-five interviews with refugees from Silla born between 1894 and 1961 and living mainly in Thessaloniki and Veroia, the thesis investigates, i) life in Silla from 1900 to 1924; ii) life in Greece between 1924 and 1956; iii) the refugee consciousness and integration of the Sillaeans into Greek society, focusing on specific periods and subjects, i) the place, the language, the population and its occupations, its geographical mobility, the relations between the sexes, education, relations with the Turks; ii) the exchange of populations, the struggle for survival in Greece, relations with people in Greece, relations with each other and with other refugees; iii) the refugee consciousness over three generations and awareness of difference.

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Zarra, Iliana,“David, Priest, Deacon, and Painter, A Contribution to Religious Art in Thessaloniki at the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century” MA 1994

116 pp + XV plates.

Taking as its starting point the iconographical work of the priest and deacon David in the Church of the Panayia Lagoudiani (six portable“despotikes” icons), this thesis examines religious painting in Thessaloniki in the first quarter of the nineteenth century and relations with other artistic centres in Macedonia, chiefly Mount Athos. Unfortunately, no biographical details about David are known, nor have any other works of his been located.

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Mylonidou, Elissavet K.,“Corinthian Sherds from the Collection in the Moulds Museum in the Faculty of Philosophy of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki” MA 1995

78 pp. with a catalogue of sherds and xxii tables/plates.

This thesis looks at 133 sherds of Corinthian pots from the collection of sherds in the Moulds Museum of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. They come from Karabournaki, the Karatassou army camp, and Anhialos, in Thessaloniki prefecture, and Nea Kallikratia and Kassandra in Halkidiki, the latter being the site of ancient Pallene and ancient Sane. The writer also touches on the spread of, and trade in, Corinthian ware in Macedonia.

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Kathariou, Cleopatra,“A Study of the Handmade Pottery of the Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age from the Double Table at Anhialos in the Collection of the Moulds Museum” MA 1993

125 pp. with a catalogue of the sherds and drawings of pots and sherds.

The writer classifies and identifies 213 sherds from the double table at Anhialos with a view to revealing the shapes of the vessels that were produced in the area. A comparative study of similar finds from other settlements in Central Macedonia, chiefly in the Axios valley, reveals the cultural homogeneity of Central Macedonia. Eastern Macedonia shares this homogeneity, while Western Macedonia is different. Although a certain influence from southern Greece is apparent, the frequency with which certain features appear suggests that Macedonian pottery both received and exerted northerly and southerly influences. The evolution of the shapes indicates ever widening use, which is also apparent in the developing quality of the clay and the evolution of the external appearance.

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Dimitropoulou-Vladenidi, Paraskevi,“The Collecting of Art Works, Theory and Practice” MA 1992

100 pp. with 58 photographs.

The writer presents here P. Emmanouil’s important collection of twentieth-century Greek art in Thessaloniki, and uses it as an example of the collecting of art works as a practice, as a theoretical concept, and as a tangible body of art works. She also examines the economic, social, and aesthetic value of the concept of the‘art collection’, the debate about the facile application of the term‘collection’ to any body of visual art objects regardless of the criteria governing its formation, and the principles which (should) inform the practice of collecting art works as a polysemous act that offers information about the social, economic, cultural, and moral life of a society.

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Mylona, Yerakina N.,“Representations of Aristotle in post-Byzantine and Modern Greek Art” PublicationKind Year

70 pp. and 36 figures.

Representations of ancient Greek philosophers have been a popular subject in various forms of art from antiquity to the present day. The overarching presence of Aristotle in the intellectual sphere in Europe has also passed into the Fine Arts. The fact that his likeness has been included in the didactic decoration of ecclesiastical spaces, together with other sages, indicates how far he has been accepted as a major figure. The Stageirite is in fact the most commonly portrayed subject in compositions relating to ancient Greek philosophers in murals, canvases, monumental and small sculptures, and folk woodcarvings.

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Sembi, Zoe,“The Vilayet of Thessaloniki in the Period of Ottoman Reforms (Tanzimat), 1839–1876” PhD 1998

290 pp. with an appendix of tables, drawings, and bibliography.

The reforms that were enacted in the Ottoman Empire in the nineteenth century were a major historical, legal, and social landmark and may be studied in terms of both their legal value and their implementation in the civil and military administration, justice, taxation, commerce, public works, education, the Church, public health, and public security. This thesis investigates the legislation itself and the relevant archival material, as also how far it was implemented in the vilayet of Thessaloniki. The nine chapters are based on the subject matter of the legislation as outlined above.

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Sverkos, I. K.,“A Contribution to the History of Upper Macedonia in the Roman Period, Political Organisation, Society, and Anthroponymy” PhD 1997

225 pp. with an extensive bibliography and an appendix of personal names.

The purpose of this thesis is to collect and utilise the mainly epigraphical sources for the history of Upper Macedonia in the Roman period. Without attempting to answer all the questions surrounding the subject, the writer offers comments on the political institutions of the cities or villages, social life in them, and the use of historical Greek or foreign common names, insofar as the limited epigraphical material permits. He avoids drawing conclusions or offering hypothetical generalisations, owing to both the limited material and the specific geopolitical and geographical features of this region on the periphery of the Greek world, which make it difficult to draw comparisons with other areas. The large number of villages and the few urban centres made the study difficult. In contrast to other parts of the Greek world or to earlier historical periods, the epigraphical material has remained almost unknown, scattered, and very little studied.

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Nikezi, Eleni,, “Thessaloniki in the 19th Century According to Information from Seven English Travellers” MA 1998

69 pp.

This thesis makes a comparative study of the information offered by seven nineteenth-century British travellers regarding population, social life, the cultural relations between the communities and between the communities and the Ottoman authorities, commerce and transport, and the movement of populations, with a view to composing a picture of the city in that period.

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Godossi, Zoe, “Representations of Views of Cities and Architectural Structures in Greek Folk Painting (Western Macedonia, 18th–19th cent.)” PhD 1998

  • Part I (text) 262 pp. with an extensive catalogue of works, bibliography, and index
  • Part II (illustrations) 5 maps, 20 ground plans and 270 plates.

This thesis examines the characteristics of, and the debate on, folk painting as one of the cultural manifestations of the Greek communities in the Ottoman Empire during the last two centuries of Ottoman rule. The purpose of the study is to make an iconographical analysis of the subject and to investigate the factors that shaped the style and thematic choices both of the artists and of their clients. The thesis confines itself chronologically to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, when Greek folk art in Western Macedonia was flourishing, and geographically to three towns that were likewise flourishing at this time, Siatista, Kastoria, and Eratyra, towns which also present a considerable number of representations.

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Tsoukas, Andreas N.,“Fortresses in the Prefecture of Florina” MA 1998

92 pp. with 7 maps and 16 photographs.

This four-chapter thesis includes, i) a description of the natural boundaries of the area, its natural geography, and its climate; ii) an examination of the channels of communication that cut across the, generally mountainous, area, and an attempt to understand the Balkan-wide function of the main highways (such as the“via Egnatia”), the subsidiary roads, and the mountain passes; iii) a record of the remains of fortified settlements based on data from earlier research, surface investigations, archaeological excavations, and the evidence of, and chance finds made by, the local people.

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Dzoni, Anastassia,,“Pottery from the North Cemetery at Ancient Pydna” MA 1998

142 pp. + 15 tables.

Pydna enjoyed great prosperity under Alexander I (498–454 bc), both as a port and as the most important urban centre in Macedonia. This thesis examines 21 pots (19 Attic black-figure vases, 1 plain Corinthian vase, and 1 Attic or Boeotian vase) of the fifth century bc from five different burials in the north cemetery at ancient Pydna. The writer looks at the evolution of the themes (battle scenes, the Dionysian cycle, groups of gods, Herakles) both as a whole and in terms of individual iconographical details, and also examines the shapes of the vessels.

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Sakkali, Olga T.,“The Open Outdoor Museum, The Example of the Mademohoria in Halkdiki, A Pilot Plan” MA 1998

104 pp. with 17 photographs, 4 maps, and 4 drawings.

The Mademohoria are a distinctive group of villages in north-eastern Halkidiki that enjoyed vigorous progress under Ottoman rule as a self-governing federation, thanks to the local silver mines. The thesis examines the modern museological concept of the‘open museum’, and then makes a specific proposal for the museological promotion of the area, with the aim of familiarising the local community with the remnants of its past (through historical knowledge and scientific information), creating a museological display of its experience, and preserving and displaying the evidence of the distinctive profile or identity of the local collective memory and experience.

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Makri, Hariklia P.,“Education in the Greek Community of Veroia in the Late Ottoman Period” MA 1998

60 pp.

Throughout the nineteenth century, a wind of change was blowing in education in Turkish-held Macedonia. Indeed, from 1870 onwards increasing numbers of schools were being built with a view, among other things, to dealing with Bulgarian and Romanian propaganda. Though only a small town, Veroia already had two schools by 1849, neither of them Bulgarian. This thesis looks at the economic situation and progress in Veroia under the Turks, the history of education in the town in five periods from the mid-seventeenth century to liberation, the purpose behind the building and running of the schools, the activities of the teachers, and the organisers and financial sponsors (Church, community, private persons) of education in the town.

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Kaplani, Eleni,“The Religious and Secular Murals of Polyklitos Rengos” MA 1998

196 pp. of text with a detailed chronology about the painter and 188 pp. of tables, pictures, and drawings.

A well-known painter and engraver, born on Naxos in 1903, Rengos elected immediately after graduating from the Athens School of Fine Arts (1926) to live in Thessaloniki, where he was to play a pioneering role in the visual arts. Apart from being a creative artist himself, as a teacher at the Experimental School and later in the design department of the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry of the Aristotle University, as also in his own studio, he brought to maturity a host of young artists, who made up the artistic fabric of Macedonia’s principal city. This thesis examines his own religious paintings, most of which decorate churches, as also his secular works, which are little known MAny of them already ruined, and some, though badly damaged, still surviving untended.

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Karamitrou-Medessidi, Y.,“Voion-Southern Orestis, Archaeological Investigations and Historical Topography” PhD 1998

  • Part I, 311 pp. of text with an extensive bibliography, a table of sites of archaeological interest, and indexes of sources, geographical terms, and ancient names
  • Part II, pictures and drawings
  • Part III MAps, and topographical drawings.

The area under investigation is Voion province in the western part of Kozani prefecture. By and large, Upper Macedonia was not neglected by earlier archaeologists, who in fact frequently uncovered data and evidence that rendered the area a place of particular archaeological interest. However, systematic investigations were delayed by many decades. This study includes a review of archaeological investigations in the area, gathers together the relevant literature, identifies the known archaeological sites, locates new ones through on-the-spot investigations, classifies the material chronologically, offers some initial conclusions, and examines the natural environment. It includes a historical outline of the boundaries of the area in various periods from the Palaeolithic to the Hellenistic and Roman periods. The writer offers hypotheses and working conclusions about the residential organisation of the area and its characteristics, based on the data available so far.

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Harizanis, G.,“The Foundation and the Early Functioning of the Athonite Republic” MA 1992

123 pp. and 14 pp of maps and pictures

A detailed account of the founding and functioning of the Athonite Republic in an attempt at last to dispel the, often total, silence of the sources, and unravel the plethora of confused Athonite traditions surrounding the subject. The writer examines the birth of Athonite monasticism, from the first ascetics and the various groups of anchorites to the founding of the first monasteries and monastic establishments until“c.” 1045, when Constantine IX Monomachus drew up a Rule in an effort to bring order, harmony, and peace into the spiritual and economic life and development of Mount Athos and its monasteries, an expression of the interest and concern of the state power (chiefly the emperors of the Macedonian dynasty) for the monastic republic.

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Garoufalidis, Christos,,“German Propaganda in the Occupation Newspapers in Thessaloniki” MA 1992

II pp. + 106 pp.

This thesis looks at German propaganda through the newspapers published in Thessaloniki during the Occupation (1941–4),“Nea Evropi” and“Apoyevmatini”. The writer’s main concerns are,

  1. to examine what they have to say about the domestic situation in Greece, the country’s problems, and the German occupation authorities’ policy of supplying the Greek population with ‘benefits’;
  2. to study articles about international military and political developments, the Allied powers, and the Nazi regime;
  3. to discuss how the news and articles were received by local readers and the effect they had on them.

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Poutouroglou, Kalliopi,“The Presence of the Community of Ierissos in the Documents of the Athonite Monasteries (10th–14th cc.)” MA 1993

viii pp. + 130 pp. of text and 53 pp. of footnotes.

The thesis seeks to give as complete a portrait as possible of the rural community in question, demographic development, socio-economic status, the community’s relations with other communities close by and with Mount Athos from the end of the ninth to the mid-fourteenth century, as reflected in the Byzantine documents in the archives of Athonite monasteries. The writer also examines the case of some Slavs who settled in the area, tracing their history as they were gradually assimilated and eventually completely Hellenised.

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Moraitou, Irini N.,“The Legal Status of Tenant Farmers in Macedonia in the Late Byzantine Period” MA 1993

152 pp. with 5 maps and 2 tables.

This thesis examines the legal status and the rights of tenant farmers, a class of people who rented land, in the Late Byzantine period in Central and Eastern Macedonia between the Axios and the Nestos. Information about this area, where the monasteries of Mount Athos owned considerable tracts of land cultivated by tenant farmers, is found in numerous sources, imperial documents, limitations, and records. The investigation concentrates on the wide-ranging debate over whether or not there were any independent smallholders in the Late Byzantine period and whether or not there was a Byzantine feudal system. The writer seeks to present a clear picture of the social characteristics of the Late Byzantine period, the residential unit of the village in which the tenant farmers lived, and their relationship with the land they cultivated and with the owners of that land.

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Tsakalou-Dzanavari,“Katerina, Clay Figurines from Beroia, Burial Collections from the Hellenistic Period” PhD 1996

viii pp. + 543 pp. with a catalogue and index of figurines, tables/pictures, and drawings.

The thesis publishes ceramic products discovered during excavations in Beroia’s ancient cemeteries of the late fourth to mid-first century bc. The writer discusses the artistic activity of the workshop, and explores the artistic preferences and religious beliefs of the local community. The sample is satisfactorily large and the quality of the finds excellent, with a variety of iconographical types. The writer investigates the technical production processes, presents the whole output of the local workshop over time, and traces the influence of the artistic trends. On the basis of the burial offerings, she comments on the appearance and the physiognomy of the dead and the city’s economic and social structures in the Hellenistic period.

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Vlassidis, Vlassis,“The Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organisation and its Activity in Greek Macedonia in the Interwar Period (1918–1928)” PhD 1997

280 pp. with an appendix of old and new place names and an extensive bibliography.

The subject of the thesis is the considerable diplomatic activity of IMRO in the interwar period, from 1919, when it appeared on the Balkan scene, to 1928, when it transferred its activities wholesale to Bulgaria, together with its contacts with countries, organisations, and parties that desired and were seeking a revision of the peace treaties of 1919–20. IMRO is described at a central, peripheral, and local level, together with its relations with the political parties in Bulgaria, its influence over theémigrés and refugees from Macedonia, and how it manipulated their organisations. It is essential to note that in the interwar period, IMRO was more interested in what was going on within Bulgaria than in Macedonia, which was only a secondary concern. The discussion of the armed presence of bands in Macedonia seeks to shed light on the extent of IMRO’s influence on the region’s Slavophone inhabitants, together with the efforts of the Greek authorities to halt the activities of the Bulgarian komitadjis.

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Douga, Aikaterini N.,“The Frescoes in Agios Nikolaos at Velvendo, Kozani Prefecture” MA 1989

150 pp., 2 drawings and 39 plates.

This thesis makes a thorough study of the founder’s inscription in the Church of Agios Nikolaos at Velvendo, Kozani prefecture, and also offers an iconographical and stylistic analysis of the frescoes. These are post-Byzantine, sixteenth-century works, representing the simple and the developed cycle of the Twelve Great Feasts, and the cycles of the Passion, the Resurrection, and the Life of the Virgin Mary, and showing the influence of both the sixteenth-century Cretan iconographical tradition and the style of the painters of the Epirot school.

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Païsidou, Melahrini P. ,“The Seventeenth-century Frescoes in the Churches of Kastoria, A Contribution to the Study of Monumental Painting in Western Macedonia” PhD 1995

  • vol. A, 377 pp. text with indexes of illustrations, monuments, places, and portable paintings, and tables of churches and iconography
  • vol. B, illustrations.

This thesis offers a five-part analysis of an unknown aspect of West Macedonian iconography as developed in the city of Kastoria in the seventeenth century. The writer makes a comprehensive presentation of all the features of the evolution of monumental painting in the city in that century. She is not interested in closely observing certain ateliers so much as in documenting the fact that, throughout the seventeenth century, this urban centre was an important centre of iconography and a focus of interest that attracted both permanently established ateliers and ateliers that regularly returned on a seasonal basis. An iconographical and stylistic analysis of the groups of frescoes is interwoven with historical, social, economic, and spatial considerations. The writer points out the continuity of specific artistic traditions, the particular influence of certain‘schools’, and the communication, circulation, and exchange of pictorial and stylistic models among travelling ateliers.

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Adam-Veleni, Polyxeni, “Grave Altars from Beroia and the Areas under its Control and Influence (2nd–6th cc. AD)” MA 1986

vol. A, 160 pp. of text with a list of the monuments
vol. B, 20 pp. (161–81) with indexes of proper names and other words in the inscriptions on the altars, a table of proportions, and 18 plates of photographs and 49 plates of drawings of the altars.

The thesis examines grave altars from Beroia of the second and third centuries ad, when the city, as the seat of the‘Koinon of the Macedonians’ and the religious centre of the province of Macedonia, was enjoying great prosperity. Although the inscriptions on the grave altars have been satisfactorily studied, the monuments themselves have not been systematically examined from a functional, typological, and iconographical point of view. This thesis examines them in terms of their function, architecture, thematic repertory, and iconography, and includes some general comments on the inscriptions.

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Trayanni, Aikaterini,“Serres 1261–1383, Political History, Administration, Church, Society, and Economy” MA 1994

135 pp., 1 table and 2 maps.

At the centre of an agricultural area, Serres was a flourishing town in the Byzantine period. Like other Byzantine provinces and cities in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, Serres was troubled by the civil wars, experienced Serbian occupation, and returned to Byzantine hands until it was finally conquered by the Turks in 1383. This thesis closely traces the development of these political events in the town and the surrounding area through information about specific individuals and institutions, secular and ecclesiastical dignitaries, and Athonite monasteries (which owned large tracts of land on the fertile Serres plain)— all factors that helped to determine the socio-economic and administrative profile and the historical fortunes of the town of Serres.

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Mavroskoufi, Anna,“The Typology of Roman Sarcophagi in the Thessaloniki Museum” MA 1992

136 pp. with an index of proper names and 1 map and 51 plates of photographs of sarcophagi.

This thesis looks at the typology of the Roman sarcophagi in the Thessaloniki museum on the basis of the workshops that made them, as also their architectural form, their decoration, their epigraphical data, and the socio-economic level they represent. The writer distinguishes between locally produced and imported sarcophagi.

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Spahidou, Fani,“Art and Ideology, The Speeches of Lyssandros Kaftandzoglou at the Technical University, 1845–1862” MA 1994

157 pp. and 7 photographs, with 6 appendices on the artists who took part in the competitions held by the Technical University and their work.

A scion of the large Spandonis family from Thessaloniki, Lyssandros Kaftandzoglou was born in Thessaloniki in 1811. An architect who adored ancient Greek art and Romantic Classicism, and had a sensitive feeling for Byzantine architecture, he ornamented Greece’s capital city with some splendid works, the Technical University, the Arsakian, the Eye Hospital, and such churches as Ayia Irini, Ayos Yeoryios Karitsis, Ayos Konstandinos, and the Catholic Church. As Director of the Athens Technical University from 1844 to 1862, Kaftandzoglou instituted an annual art competition to present the Technical University’s activities during each previous year. At the prize-giving ceremony at year’s end, he would make a speech, which was then printed as a booklet. Ten of these booklets form the backbone of the thesis. They trace the first steps of sculptors and painters who later made a name for themselves and played an important part in the development of modern Greek art, and furnish information about the art that was being produced in the newborn Greek state, the movement of ideas at that time, and prominent figures in modern Greek life generally who helped to shape the character of Greek national life.

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Petkos, Andonios S., “Mosaic Floors in Beroia and in the Areas under its Influence (2nd – 6th cc. ad)” MA 1992

68 pp., 1 drawing and 61 plates

Though insufficient to give a complete picture, the excavational data show with considerable certainty that there was a notable resurgence of building activity in Beroia in the fourth century ad, as the city gradually evolved into an administrative, military, and ecclesiastical centre of the Roman Empire. Alongside the existing buildings, secular and devotional structures were erected in the city and the surrounding area, changing the existing urban profile (particularly the ecclesiastical buildings) and creating new residential centres in the city. The buildings that were constructed between the late Roman period and the early Christian era were decorated with splendid mosaic floors, incontrovertible witnesses to the glory days of the genre. There are not enough of them to enable us to point with any certainty to specific ateliers or schools, but they do unquestionably show that the area was an important centre of mosaic art.

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Baïkoussis, Spyros,“Areas and Monuments of Mainland Greece Which Are Mentioned by Pausanias and Are Not on the Itinerary of His‘Description of Greece’” MA 1994

VI pp. + 224 pp.

In the ten books of his‘Description of Greece’ (“Hellados Periegesis”), apart from Attica, the Peloponnese, Boeotia, Phocis, and western Locris, Pausanias also mentions other places‘not on the itinerary’, digressions triggered by monuments or sights he comes across or historic figures, events, or popular traditions he describes. The purpose of the thesis is to pinpoint such digressions concerning areas of mainland Greece, to comment on the information Pausanias gives, and to bring together the known ancient sources and modern literature about them. In this context, the writer discusses what Pausanias has to say about Macedonia in general, as also about specific cities and areas, such as Philippi, Stageira, Scione, Potidaea, Olynthos, Paeonia, Olympus, Cassandria, Amphipolis, and Pella.

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Almadzi, Athina,“Lakeside Settlements” MA 1996

122 pp. with 24 figures.

This thesis offers a historical review of the general subject of human settlements near lakes and marshes, chiefly focusing on the mode of constructing dwellings and the creation of settlements. Starting from the prehistoric period, the writer bases her information on excavational data from Greece and the rest of Europe, moving on to the historical period, with written evidence from the fifth century bc to the fourth century ad, and then through the Byzantine period to the nineteenth and early twentieth century. As far as Greece is concerned, the focus is mainly, if not exclusively, on Macedonia, chiefly the west with a number of lakes and the course of the Aliakmon through Western and Central Macedonia.

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Almadzi, Kalliopi,“Information about Primitive Fishing” MA 1996

150 pp. with 47 figures.

The thesis presents excavational data relating to prehistoric fishing from Greece and elsewhere in the world, and compares them with data from the historical period or the modern era. Fishing in the prehistoric period means any form of exploitation of any area of water (sea, river, lake marsh) beside which there is a settlement. The large quantities (often thousands) of oyster shells, and the tools and jewellery made from shells that are found in the earth-fill of the prehistoric settlements bear witness to the intense fishing activities of prehistoric people. Fishing first appeared as a new productive activity in Greece between 10,000 and 7,000 bc. Finds come mainly from coastal areas and islands, but also from the lakeside settlement at Dispilio, Kastoria prefecture, and the riparian sites along the Aliakmon in Western Macedonia.

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Bozinis, Nikos,“Social Phenomena in Postwar Greece, The Birth and Spread of Rock” MA 1996

264 pp.

Taking as his incentive the emergence and development of the phenomenon of rock in Thessaloniki from its appearance in 1956 to 1994, the writer examines rock not as the art and production of a certain kind of music or as a commercial process, but as a youth culture, a social and cultural parameter that has influenced the way in which Greek youth perceives and shapes social reality, that has contributed, in other words, to general social change in this country.

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Thomaïdou, Evangelia,“The Decorated Pottery of the Neolithic Period in Mainland Greece” MA 1994

90 pp. + 11 figures.

This thesis gives an overview of Neolithic pottery in mainland Greece, examining decorated (painted, incised, and plastic) pottery from various areas, including Macedonia. The writer studies the materials, the use, and the decoration of the pottery, with a view to locating workshops in mainland Greece that may present different trends in the production and decoration of pottery.

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Kaltsas, N. E.,“Macedonian Roof Tilings (A Contribution to the Study of Macedonian Architecture)” nt nd

173 pp. with an appendix comprising an English summary, XXXVII tables + XIX tables

This thesis examines some typical examples of Macedonian roof tiling that provide as complete a picture as possible of Macedonian tile production. The examples used are the finds from the sanctuary of Ammon Zeus and of Dionysos at Afytos, Halkidiki, together with some smaller collections, and the study focuses on three fundamental points: i) the material is collected and classified according to the types and styles of tiling; ii) the Macedonian tiling systems are correlated with coherent groups from the rest of Greece and dated on the basis of excavational data and a comparative study of the tiles themselves; iii) the writer discusses architectural features in Macedonia that indicate the existence of local workshops.

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Dzigounaki, A.,“The World of the Slavs and the Influence of their Presence on the Byzantine Population of the Areas Adjacent to Thessaloniki and Eastern Macedonia” MA nd

183 pp. with four appendices.

The thesis looks at the Slavs’ invasions of, and settling in, Byzantine Macedonia in the seventh and ninth centuries, the density of the Slavs’ settlements and the extent to which they changed the ethnic make-up of the region, and the Byzantine reaction, with a view to showing that the area between Thessaloniki and Constantinople was and remained under Byzantine dominion throughout the seventh and ninth centuries.

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Bensousan-Molho, R.,“The Jewish Community of Thessaloniki and its Integration into the Greek State (1912–1919)” MA 1987

54 pp.

Divided into two parts, the period of liberation and the period of the First World War, this thesis contributes to the study of the activities of the Jewish element in one of the very few parts of Europe where it was able to live and function on an equal footing with the rest of the citizenry, free of anti-Semitic discrimination and persecution. The writer pinpoints and analyses the stages of the Thessalonian Jews’ gradual integration into the Greek state, concurrently with the liberation of the city and its own incorporation into the state. This was perhaps unique in world history and went against all the rules of nationalism, being a result of the initiative of the Jewish element itself and not of Greek state policy regarding integration.

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Bonovas, Nikolaos,“The Types and the Role of Buildings in the Work of Panselinos and Theophanes” MA 1997

XVII pp., 198 pp. with an index of terms, list of drawings and list of plates, XXII drawings and 56 plates

Panselinos is the most important exponent of the Macedonian school of iconography of the fourteenth century, and he did not, in fact, sign his work. Theophanes was the best-known mural painter of the Cretan school of the sixteenth century. Despite the timespan that separates them, one point that they have in common is the way they render buildings in their paintings: they avoid the use of correct perspective and each in his own way ventures to render the space and the interior of the buildings. This thesis focuses on the architectural decor in both artists' representations in the monumental painting of the Byzantine Empire. The writer selects two monuments of the fourteenth century, the Protaton and the katholikon of Vatopedi Monastery on Mount Athos, and compares the architectural structures in the paintings in these two monuments with the buildings in the corresponding paintings in sixteenth-century monuments, the katholika and refectories of the Great Lavra and Stavronikita. An iconographical description by subject is followed by a commentary on the position of the buildings in the picture and the way they surround the figures, with the aim of ascertaining their function in the paintings as background scenery, together with any relationship they may bear to reality. The buildings are discussed from the point of view of both iconography and typology, their architectural types are examined, and they are compared with works of Byzantine and Renaissance architecture.

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Parharidou, Magdalini,“The Painter Matthaios Ioannou at Ikossifinissa Monastery” MA 1994

vol. A (text) XIII pp. + 109 pp. with an index of proper names and illustrations,
vol. B (album) 47 plates of photographs of the painter’s work

The subject of this thesis is the mural decoration painted by Matthaios Ioannou in the katholikon of Ikossifinissa Monastery (Eastern Macedonia, Mt Pangaion) in the mid-nineteenth century. Although the history of the monastery's documents and manuscripts has been extensively studied, the painted decoration in the katholikon had not yet been investigated, both because the surviving wall-paintings are in such poor condition and because the art produced after the fall of Constantinople has predominantly been regarded as 'insignificant'. Now, however, the study of the 'conservative' art that kept the memory of the Byzantine heritage alive and demanded spiritual, religious, and national freedom for the Turkish-dominated Orthodox population is an attractive aspect of research. The thesis is in four parts. Part One gives a brief history of the monastery and presents the architecture of the katholikon. Part Two discusses the iconography of the surviving representations and seeks to locate models for the features of Byzantine iconography. The third part undertakes an extensive examination of the principal theme, Lauds (Ainoi), the only well-preserved iconographical cycle, on the basis of literary sources and representations of the same theme in other monuments. The thesis concludes with an account of Matthaios Ioannou's personality, activity, and style.

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Godossi, Zoe,“The Painter Sotiris Zissis” MA 1993

135 pp. with a list of illustrations, a list of Zissis's works and exhibitions + 122 plates of his works

Born in 1902 in Halastra, Thessaloniki prefecture, Zissis did not start painting until 1959, when he was 57. He produced a total of eighty works before his death in 1989 in Thessaloniki. He was a folk-painter, an 'unschooled' artist. The thesis correlates Zissis's work with the historical and social developments in his city and his country on the basis of the references to historical events that are depicted in his paintings; and it draws iconographical parallels between Zissis's work and old photographs and cheap printed icons. The writer examines the paintings in three thematic categories: the Macedonian Struggle; the Greeks' struggles against the Turks; and foreign occupation in general. Zissis's thematic repertory also includes memories of his childhood and youth in Halastra and Thessaloniki, specific historical events in an easily recognisable setting, illustrations of folksongs, and, to a lesser extent, portraits and landscapes.

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Elefandi, Paraskevi,“Prehistoric Habitation and the Environment in the East Part of the Lagadas Basin”MA 1996

171 pp. with 13 plates in the text, an extensive bibliography, 14 photographs, 23 drawings + 5 maps

The aim of the thesis is to record human activity in the environment of the east part of Lagadas province (Central Macedonia) in the prehistoric period. It studies the changes in human activity and the factors which gave habitation there its specific profile, from the Neolithic period to the Early Iron Age. The eight chapters include: a description of the subject; methodological information about the collection and use of the data relating to the natural characteristics of the space; a review of the archaeological investigations seeking the prehistoric sites in the area; the train of archaeological thought regarding the relationship between human beings and their environment; a report on the recent efforts by Aegean archaeologists to determine the relationship between human activity and the natural environment with particular reference to the Lagadas basin; a presentation of the fundamental natural environmental characteristics of the Lagadas basin and the surrounding area; an investigation of the anthropogenic factors, either in the form of interventions in the natural environment or as a result of archaeological investigations, that have altered the true picture of human activity in the area. Lastly, the writer offers comments about the organisation and use of space in the east part of Lagadas province.

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Athanassiadis, G. C.,“Fountains on Mount Athos with Sculptural Decoration”MA 1996

25 pp. of text + 34 pp. of descriptions of 26 fountains + 27 plates + 113 photographs

This thesis studies the elaborate relief ornamentation of a number of Athonite fountains, the design features they share with other works of sculpture, particularities of style, and their general thematic repertory. The writer comments on the strong European influences they reflect in their Baroque, classicistic, and, to a lesser extent, eclectic features; the absence of folk stone reliefs; the commissioning of the works and their transportation to Mount Athos; the close connections with Tenian sculptural art; the gradual standardising of the design and size of the fountains over time; and the absence of religious themes apart from symbols, which are themselves represented according to current secular perceptions.

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Stefanis, Vassilios,“The History of Mount Athos until 972” MA 1997

86 pp.

This thesis explores the history of Athonite monasticism from its first faint glimmerings to 972, when the Typikon of John Tsimiskes became the first Athonite Charter and officially testified to the birth of Athonite monasticism, codifying unwritten customs and regulating questions of administration and monastic order. The seven chapters discuss the history of the peninsula until the sixth century ad according to the ancient historians and geographers, and the history of monasticism on Athos on the basis of the historical sources and tradition. The writer seeks to reconstruct monastic life in the eighth and ninth centuries through historical sources, and examines the privileges which the Byzantine emperors gradually granted. He presents the role played by Mount Athos in the historical developments of the ninth and tenth centuries, together with its administrative organisation and the evolution of monastic life, the history of the coenobia until the founding of Great Lavra in 963, and the first Athonite Typikon, which codified the current conditions on Athos in the third quarter of the tenth century.

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Avyeri, Sophia,“Stock-breeding in the Neolithic Period in Macedonia” MA 1996

85 pp.

Zooarchaeology is a new, independent scientific discipline, which has developed only in the last few decades. Owing to a lack of experience in this field, the bones on many sites were not collected in the past, or attracted archaeologists' interest only occasionally. So there is no classified material for many prehistoric sites. This thesis examines the finds from recent excavations in Nea Nikomidia, Servia, Kozani prefecture, Kastanas, Vassilika, Thessaloniki prefecture, and Dimitra, Serres prefecture, which permit a study of the subject. The thesis seeks to reconstruct the fauna of these areas, and to study the degree of domestication and use of animal species in comparison with other parts of Greece. This is preceded by a theoretical review of the train of thought that led archaeologists to recognise the importance of studying prehistoric economy (to ascertain the permanence or otherwise of the inhabited sites, reconstruct the natural environment, debate the problems attendant on the study of prehistoric stock-breeding) and the emergence of zooarchaeology as an independent branch of science.

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Naoumidou, Maria,“Decorative 'Notes' Incised on the Prehistoric Pottery of Macedonia” MA 1996

179 pp. with a table of prehistoric sites in Macedonia and 21 photographs + 23 plates

Of all the remnants of the past, pottery is the most widespread and accessible category, whether located by surface investigations or by excavations. One very characteristic, though not the most common, type is incised ware, which is the most firmly dated, since it has been found in layers with imported Mycenaean ware. The archaeological importance of incised ware lies in the fact that a study of it furnishes information about economic and social organisation and production from the Early Neolithic period to the Bronze Age, after which the use of it gradually declined. The presence or absence of incised ware on a site raises questions about both where it started and its spread. It has been found on sites in Western Thrace and also in other Balkan countries, which has led to hypotheses about a culturally coherent area with communications based not only on commercial exchange but also on social, political, and ideological factors. The five parts of the thesis present all the known sites in Macedonia with incised ware from excavations and surface investigations; the pottery; the mode of manufacture and the shapes of the vessels; and their decorative motifs. The writer also seeks to correlate and compare the finds from three areas: Eastern and Western Macedonia, Western Thrace, and southern Greece and the surrounding Balkan countries. She also discusses the development of space and of social organisation and production from the Neolithic period to the Bronze Age.

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Zarra, Iliana,“Religious Painting in Thessaloniki in the Nineteenth Century” PhD 1997

302 pp. + LVI plates with 206 photographs + list of illustrations

This thesis lists, classifies, and studies relatively unknown material in the form of portable icons and a few wall-paintings from almost all the city's post-Byzantine and more modern churches, as also works in private and public collections in Thessaloniki. It also investigates the cultural features that made up the city's profile in the nineteenth century, which was a crucial period for the Greek people. Byzantinists regard the art of this period as decadent, while for art historians it is an insignificant chapter in modern Greek painting. The indisputable popular nature of the religious painting of the Ottoman period marked and predetermined the development of Greek painting in the modern period. The relationship of painting to modern Greek art, the wealth of the material, at least as far as Thessaloniki is concerned, and the variety, quality, and diversity of the trends— all these factors provide stimuli for a more systematic investigation. This five-chapter thesis summarises experts' views on the dividing line between post-Byzantine art and modern Greek art, together with the basic characteristics of both. The writer outlines the historical context, and the political, economic, and spiritual profile of Thessaloniki, and at the same time investigates the aesthetic trends of the period and the fundamental features of nineteenth-century iconography in Ottoman-dominated Greece. She presents the groups of painters (from Litohoro, Galatsi, and Halkidiki, refugee icons, works by painters of diverse provenance, works by isolated individuals, and anonymous works) and the fundamental features of the works of religious painting in nineteenth-century Thessaloniki. She examines the city's and the artists' links with Mount Athos and Athonite iconographical production. She lastly defines the genre on the basis of thematic repertory, iconological development, style, and iconographical variety, and also discusses the adaptation and introduction of innovative features. The conclusions include comments of an iconographical nature on the thematic stock of the paintings and the artists' style, together with various iconological observations and comments on the introduction of innovative features.

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Anastassiadou, Arhondoula,“Dated Founders' Inscriptions in Byzantine Churches in Greece from the Mid-9th to the Mid-15th Century” MA 1997

172 pp. with index of names, toponyms, terms, and things, list of inscriptions, and list of illustrations + 101 plates of illustrations

This thesis gathers together the dated founders' inscriptions that are scattered in various publications and studies on Byzantine epigraphy. The writer isolates the data relating to donors, dedicators, and builders, and examines the standard founder's inscription in terms of the following parameters: the definition of 'founder' and 'founder's inscription'; the material of the inscription; the location of the inscription; the form of the text; the phraseology; the builders of the churches; the founders; and the dating of the inscriptions. Part Two offers a catalogue of the dated founders' inscriptions in churches or museums, isolating the text of each inscription according to whether it refers to the founding, rebuilding, repair, or renovation of the monument. The next section is geographical, and the part concerning the founders' inscriptions in Macedonia is one of the longest in the thesis (pp. 57–73).

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Yimadzidis, Stefanos,“Silvered Pottery: A sub-Protogeometric Local Ware of Northern Greece” MA 1997

114 pp. + XLIII plates of sherds

This thesis studies 168 sherds from the ancient settlement on the double table at Anhialos, sherds of pottery manufactured locally in northern Greece and decorated with geometrical motifs. The conventional term 'silvered' ware refers to the mauvish slip on which the ornaments are painted. This pottery is in the luxury category of Macedonian ceramic ware, large, elaborately decorated vessels that are outstanding examples of Macedonian ceramic art. The thesis discusses the technical aspects of their manufacture— clay, modelling, slip, pigments, firing — the shapes of the vessels, the decorative motifs and the decorative technique, distribution, production centres, and attempts to date them.

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Kaloyannidou, Despina,“The Spring of 1905 in Macedonia: The Unpublished Diary of Stefanos Doukas (Mallios), Veteran of the Macedonian Struggle” MA 1994

91 pp . with a list of old and new names, the chronology of the Macedonian Struggle in Western Macedonia, 4 maps, 1 document and 1 photograph of Macedonian fighters

This thesis is in two parts. Part One gives information about the writer of the diary and his activity in the Macedonian Struggle, together with comments on the structure of the text, the writing and the publication of the diary, and a historical outline of the events of the Macedonian Struggle. Part Two consists in the text of the diary itself with a historical commentary. The diary covers the period from 1 April to 23 May 1905 and its geographical focus is the Kastanohoria area (Western Macedonia). It records events and gives information about the activities and the way of life of the fighting corps in the Macedonian countryside, their problems, and the difficulties they faced.

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Yeoryadis, Fotis,“Attic Black-figure and Red-figure Sherds in the Moulds Museum” MA 1994

65 pp. with a list of the sherds and 8 plates

The subject of the thesis is 63 sherds from surface investigations at Anhialos and Karabournaki, Thessaloniki prefecture, and Sani, Halkidiki prefecture. The writer studies the shapes, investigates the workshops in which they were manufactured, and examines questions relating to the iconography of Attic pottery in connection with the presence of an Attic colony in the north Aegean.

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Skourtopoulou, Katerina,“Stonecutting at Thermi B: Neolithic Production and Technological Activity” , MA 1993

127 pp. text, 15 pp. bibliography, 70 drawings and three appendices with morphological and technological characteristics, glossary, statistics, and tables

This thesis studies the evidence of stonecutting in the Neolithic settlement of Thermi B, Thessaloniki prefecture, in an effort to determine a number of parameters for the investigation of the productive activity of Neolithic people. The four-parts examine the theoretical and methodological hypotheses regarding technology and the manufacturing chain in prehistory, and studies the stratigraphical data from the archaeological site in question, in order to reconstruct the morphology, organisation, and use of space, the technology, and the use of the products on the basis of the stonecutting remains, the raw materials, and the products that were made. The writer reconstructs the manufacturing chain, assessing the importance of the remnants for our understanding of the use of the products.

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Koukouli-Chrysanthaki, Chaido,“Prehistoric Thasos: The Cemetery of the Kastri Settlement and the Cemetery at Larnaki” PhD 1985

Parts I and II:1099 pp, CLXVII pp. of notes, 47 unnumbered pp. of bibliography;
Part III 209 plates and 214 pp. of illustrations

This voluminous thesis constitutes an initial approach to the systematic study of the prehistoric period on the island of Thasos, publishing archaeological material (burial monuments and grave goods) from the cemetery of the Kastri settlement and the cemetery at Larnaki in the south of the island, which were selected from among other prehistoric sites. The finds recorded here span the period from the Late Bronze Age and the appearance of LateHelladic IIIb Mycenaean pottery in northern Greece to the end of the eighth century bc, and the founding of a Parian colony on the island in the seventh century bc.

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Koumbis, Moskhos D.,“The Hesychast Controversy and its Involvement in the Political Developments During the Second Civil War (1341–1347)” MA nd

150 pp.

The second civil war (1341–7) was the clash between John Cantacuzene and the Palaeologan dynasty, which led to the gradual weakening of the Byzantine state through the intervention of foreign powers (Serbs and Turks), social strife, and divisive religious disputes. The Hesychast controversy sprang out of the disagreement between Barlaam of Calabria and the Hesychast monk Gregory Palamas, which moved on from doctrinal questions to a dispute over Hesychasm, and eventually blew up into an all-embracing doctrinal confrontation that divided theological circles into Hesychasts and anti-Hesychasts. The involvement of political figures who used the religious disputes for their own ends, and the political stances adopted by those who were involved in theological affairs, also divided the general public into different political and religious camps. The thesis is not concerned with the teachings of the Hesychasts and Palamas, nor does it recount the events of the civil strife; it simply gives a brief outline of the meaning of the Hesychast life and the course of the religious controversy, together with a general outline of the political situation at the time, observing the repercussions of the political events on religious affairs and vice versa. Part One examines the concept of Hesychasm and the Hesychast life, going back briefly to the founders of Hesychasm. Part Two traces the course of the Hesychast controversy from the first contentions between Barlaam and Palamas until 1341, just before the first council on Hesychasm. Part Three presents the theses and proceedings of the first council on the Hesychast question (June 1341), which, however, failed to resolve it owing to the political developments. The political dabbler and Patriarch of Constantinople, John Kalekas, and the ambitious John Canatacuzene both mixed theology up with politics. Part Four looks into peripheral aspects of the controversy which nonetheless influenced the developments, such as the election of a new patriarch (Isidore) and Palamas's relationship with the Zealots in Thessaloniki and their attitude to him.

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Dimitris Lyvanios, The Macedonia of the Communists: Aspects of the Policy of the Communist Party of Greece and the Communist Party of Yugoslavia on the Macedonian Question in the Inter-war Period (1918—1940), MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1991

This thesis investigates the nature of the conflict between the Balkan Communist parties over the Macedonian Question through an analysis of the policy of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia and the Communist Party of Greece in the period between the Wars. More specifically, it examines the two parties’ attitudes to the Macedonian Question on the basis of the distinctive (national and political) characteristics of the two countries, the role played by the Communist Party of Bulgaria, and the policy of the 3rd International (Comintern). On this basis, the writer seeks to evaluate the internal and external factors that led the Communist Parties of Greece and Yugoslavia to adopt a common policy on the Macedonian Question during the period under examination.

The first part of the thesis describes Greek foreign policy towards Bulgaria and Yugoslavia in order to set the general political scene against which the Communist parties were operating. Part Two looks at the policy of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia; and Part Three analyses the Macedonian policy of the Communist Party of Greece. Some general conclusions and comparative observations arising out of the preceding chapters are set forth in Part Four.

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Panayotopoulou, Anna A., From Thessaloniki to Krushevo: Ideology, Organisation, and Action of IMRO (1893—1903), MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1993.

109 pp.

At the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century, Macedonia was the focus of Bulgarian irredentism, as expressed in the terms of the San Stefano Treaty. However, this is a subject that has been very little studied by the Greek side, and above all little is known about the Internal Macedono-Hadrianopolitan Revolutionary Organisation (IMRO), which was the basic and most militant agent of Bulgarian interests in Macedonia and remained active, in one way or another, right up until the Second World War. Particularly important for an interpretation of events in the twentieth century, particularly the development of the Macedonian Struggle, is an investigation of IMRO’s first ten years of activity, a decade which is bracketed by its birth in Thessaloniki in 1893 and the much-discussed Ilinden uprising in the summer of 1903. It was a time of strenuous Bulgarian propaganda and methodical preparations both at an ideological level and in terms of arms and action. The writer makes use of Greek, British, French, and Austro-Hungarian sources and above all the memoirs both of the organisation’s founders and of ordinary combatants, published in Bulgarian; and these give the debate an irrefutable authenticity. The five chapters investigate: the roots of Bulgarian irredentism in Macedonia as expressed by the Bulgarian Exarchate until 1878; politics between 1878 and 1893, when the Bulgarian government became the chief exponent of Bulgarian nationalism and irredentism with regard to Macedonia; the process of founding IMRO; its progress in comparison with other similar organisations and in relation to Bulgarian foreign policy; the start of the armed action; the organisation’s financial resources; and the first confrontations with the Greek side.

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Kadas, Nikos S., Labour Problems and Risings of the Kavala Tobacco Workers in the Inter-War Period, MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1994.

77 pp.

This thesis researches two areas. At a local level, it studies the labour risings in the Kavala area; and more broadly it investigates the problems of tobacco workers all over the country. The study covers the period 1926—36. It presents the problems of the tobacco workers, the struggles waged by, and the restructuring of, the working class in Kavala under the influence of developing technology, capitalist relations, international trade pressure, the economic crisis, and the readjustments of rural society. Its aim is twofold: to highlight the network of relations between the tobacco workers and the rest of the community, particularly at times of tension and strikes; and to assess the part played by the tobacco workers in the evolution of the distinctive economic, social, and political profile of modern Kavala. The two chapters of the thesis examine the place of tobacco in Kavala’s economy, the introduction of the new tobacco processing methods, the associated changes in the town and its labour force, the tobacco workers’ reaction in the framework of the contemporary labour movement, the strikes, and the struggle.

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Vakkou, Chryssanthi, The Macedonian Struggle in the Sanjak of Serres (1904—1909), MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1994.

77 pp., with a lengthy appendix comprising information about the Macedonian Struggle in relation to the sanjak of Serres from 1903 to 1909, from the historical archive of the Institute for Balkan Studies

The writer describes the ecclesiastical and educational situation in each kaza, as factors that played a definitive part in the preservation and cultivation of the inhabitants’ national identity. She analyses the attitude of the European delegations in this geographical area, an attitude which reflects the position of the Great Powers on the Macedonian Question. Emphasis is given to the armed mobilisation of the Greek and Bulgarian corps in the area and to the organisation of the two most important communities involved in the ethnic question. There is a detailed account of the major role played by the Serres consulate in setting up the Greek guerrilla bands and generally co-ordinating the Struggle up until the Young Turks’ Revolution. The thesis begins with a review of the history of the sanjak in the nineteenth century up to the beginning of the twentieth, to give an idea of the climate at the time and the gravity of the Greeks’ situation.

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Kyriakidou, Elissavet C., Contribution to the History of Education in Macedonia from the mid-Eighteenth Century to the Greek War of Independence, MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1997.

81 pp.

Information on this subject is sparse, fragmentary, sometimes unsubstantiated, and mainly concerns a few noted intellectual centres during the period of Ottoman rule. Research hitherto had not adequately illuminated the intellectual profile of Macedonia. This thesis makes a small contribution by collecting and classifying the data from research so far. It begins with a review of the intellectual situation in Macedonia from the early days of Ottoman rule (14th cent.) to the beginning of the nineteenth century. The next two chapters present the main subject of the thesis, according to the then division of the area into the vilayets of Thessaloniki and Monastir. The writer describes the educational and general intellectual developments in Macedonia by sanjak and kaza, the founding and running of Departments, enlightened teachers, donors and founders of Departments, and intellectuals and ecclesiastical representatives whose work kept the flame of Greek education alight throughout the major area of Ottoman-dominated Macedonia.

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Petalidou, Despina, Great Britain’s Macedonian Policy in the First World War, MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.

175 pp. and 7 illustrations (maps, sketches, statistical tables)

On the basis of archival sources from the Greek archives of the period and of the British Foreign Office, as also a notable bibliography, this thesis covers the period 1915—19, from Lloyd George’s initial idea of making a landing at Thessaloniki to the signing of the Treaty of Neuilly. The British attitude was progressive, not subversive, like the French attitude at that time. The aim of the thesis is to add to what we already know about the French, Russian, and Italian presence on the Macedonian Front by considering the British presence, to confirm the pro-Bulgarian sentiments in London and reveal unknown aspects of Britain’s Macedonian policy. Together with the other aforementioned countries, Britain certainly was not seeking to safeguard Greek sovereignty in the region. The four chapters make a detailed examination of Britain’s policy regarding Macedonia up to the point when the decision was taken to make the landing at Thessaloniki; the British landing and gradual occupation of eastern Macedonia with a view to gradually handing the area over to the Bulgarian forces, by allowing dominion to‘slide’ from Greek to British and ultimately to Bulgarian hands; Greek participation in the war; the attitude of the Allied governments to the Greek political leadership; the Allies’ policy and their rivalry over Macedonia; and British policy towards Bulgaria and Greece until peace was signed.

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Potiropoulos, Paraskevas, From the ‘Lost Homelands’ to the Modern Mother Country: Nea Mihaniona, Refugee Consciousness and Identity, MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1998.

181 pp., with a notable bibliography, an appendix with information about the writer’s sources of information, with excerpts from the proceedings of the community council meetings, legal deeds, songs from old Mihaniona, and 10 plates of photographs.

In the framework of the general debate and speculation about the long-term social and ideological effects of the rehabilitation of the refugees of 1922, this thesis discusses the process of incorporating the inhabitants of the refugee settlement of Nea Mihaniona, Thessaloniki prefecture, into the evolutionary processes of the Greek state and the process of constructing their cultural identity, through their relationship with their past and the operation of individual and collective memory. Nea Mihaniona was created on the promontory known as Megalo Karabournou or Megalo Emvolo on the coast of the Thermaic Gulf through the coming together of refugees from Mihaniona in Cyzicus, Avdimi in Eastern Thrace, and Ayia Paraskevi in the Krini district, together with families from various parts of Asia Minor and Thrace. The introduction outlines the methodology and the general rationale behind the investigation of the rehabilitation of refugees and the refugee identity. The three chapters that follow consider a number of issues. Essentially, the writer is seeking to define the totality of the social relations of the inhabitants of Nea Mihaniona through everyday practices or symbolic representations, history, or custom. He records the inhabitants’ story from the time when they were uprooted as refugees to when they settled and were rehabilitated in their new country. He examines the organisation of the village, of production, of the economy; social and cultural structure; the inhabitants’ political actions and practices; their cultural attitudes and religious practices as these evolved in their original native towns and villages, and the characteristics they acquired in the course of their evolution over time, from the establishment of the new settlement to the present day, under the influence of nearby Thessaloniki, the large economic and political centre of the area. Special attention is paid to the development of the distinctive cultural identity of the inhabitants of Nea Mihaniona, the sense of the refugee identity, the processes of self-determination with regard to the community’s various population groups or with regard to the inhabitants of other communities, whether refugees or native-born. The study seeks to highlight those elements that were transported wholesale or with modified form and content to satisfy the needs of the refugee experience and the demands of the new reality in this specific microsociety.

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Katsamanis, Nikolaos K., The Bulgarian Komitadjis in the Sanjak of Serres During the Macedonian Struggle 1904—1908, MA thesis, Serres 1993.

88 pp. and contents, bibliography and 3 maps

Apart from a few generalities noted here and there by various writers, there has been no specific, exhaustive historical study of the Struggle in Eastern Macedonia, of which the centre and base of operations was the town of Serres. On the basis of secondary Greek sources, this five-part thesis presents a brief historical review of the Bulgarian presence in the Balkans from their appearance in the tenth century to just before the First World War; and describes the diplomatic and political backroom manœuvrings in the Balkans from the establishment of Bulgarian hegemony to the eve of the Macedonian Struggle; the first confrontations and the Bulgarian atrocities against the local population in 1903 and 1904; the organisation of the Greek network; and the start of the widespread clashes between Bulgarian and Greek corps in the Serres district, with specific references to events, people, places, and protagonists in the Struggle, until the Young Turks’ Revolution.

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Mandadzis, Christos M., The Economics of the Macedonian Struggle, MA thesis, Thessaloniki 1993.

78 pp

Greek historians have shown considerable interest in the study of the creation, operation, and development (modification or overthrow) of social and economic structures in the Greek state. However, there is a certain reluctance to get to grips with the unappealing, indeed positively unattractive, study of the cost (in accounting terms) of specific spheres of action of the Greek state, with the ability of the Greek public purse to bear the burden of specific political choices, the economic components that govern them, or their wider economic repercussions. This reluctance is even more apparent when it is a question of a national struggle, such as the struggle for Macedonia in 1904—8, an armed operation with distinctive characteristics. This three-part thesis undertakes an approach to the indirect economic presence of the Greek state in Macedonia in the form of the presence and action of armed guerrilla bands, from just before the start of the armed Macedonian Struggle to the cessation of armed operations with the Young Turks’ Revolution. The writer also offers some initial appraisals of the impact of that presence on a hitherto weak, closed, agrarian economy with shaky foundations.

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