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Subjects in FocusThe Macedonian Struggle

The Macedonian Struggle

The Macedonian Struggle
The Macedonian Struggle in west Macedonia
The Macedonian Struggle on the marshes of Yannitsa
The Macedonian Struggle in east Macedonia
Thessaloniki in the Macedonian Struggle
The Committees of Athens
Participants in the Macedonian Struggle from other parts of Greece

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Rally in Thessaloniki in 1903
Black-and-white photograph showing a large rally organized in Thessaloniki to demonstrate against Bulgarian atrocities, 1903, Athens, National Historical Museum.




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The Committees of Athens


Rally in Thessaloniki in 1903
1903, Athens, National Historical Museum

The Macedonian committees of Athens were the result of efforts by circles of anxious refugees from Macedonia. After the dissolution of the 'Ethniki Etaireia' (National Society) in 1900, its former members Pavlos Melas, Kostas Mazarakis, Athanassios Exadaktylos and others, became restless: they were anxious about the fate of Macedonia, from where appeals for help kept arriving.

Neoklis Kazazis' society "Hellenism", and the Committee in support of the Greek Church and Education, headed by Vikelas, Streit and Baltatzis, filled the gap, at least temporarily. In 1902, the central Macedonian Association, founded by the brothers Theoharis and Mavroudis Yeroyiannis from Halkidiki, made a vigorous appearance on the scene. After the dramatic events of 1903, the efforts of both individuals and the state took a more dynamic turn.

In May 1904, the Macedonian Committee was founded in Athens. It soon attracted the veterans of the 'Ethniki Etaireia', the activists around the politician Stefanos Dragoumis, members of other committees and associations, as well as representatives of the state. The guiding force behind the effort was Dimitris Kalapothakis, editor of the newspaper "Embros", which came to be the Committee's mouthpiece.

Until the spring of 1908, when it essentially lost its private character, the Macedonian Committee directed and concluded the fighting in western Macedonia. Its success lay primarily in the setting up of a parallel internal organization within Macedonia, which incorporated all the local committees, national associations and information networks. Armed initiatives on a smaller scale were also undertaken by the Yeroyiannis brothers in central Macedonia.



Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.