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The Macedonian Struggle

The Macedonian Struggle
The Macedonian Struggle in west Macedonia
The Macedonian Struggle on the marshes of Yannitsa
The Macedonian Struggle in east Macedonia
Thessaloniki in the Macedonian Struggle
The Committees of Athens
Participants in the Macedonian Struggle from other parts of Greece

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Tellos Agapinos with some of his men
Black-and-white photograph of the armed band led by sub-lieutenant Tellos Agapinos (Captain Agras) in flat bottomed boats on the marshes of Yiannitsa, 1906-1907, Athens, Y. Mazarakis collection.




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The Macedonian Struggle on the marshes of Yannitsa


Tellos Agapinos with some of his men
1906-1907, Athens, Y. Mazarakis collection

The waters of the flooded Loudias river formed an extended swamp in south-central Macedonia, in the silted land between the Aliakmon and Axios rivers. In the years of the conflict between Greece and Bulgaria, this swamp, formerly accessible only to the local fishermen, was turned into a battlefield of Homeric proportions.

The safe access to its expanse of reeds offered a secure hideout, and control of the surrounding plain and any road communication towards northern and western Macedonia. However, the swampy, malaria ridden waters, combined with the trials of war, made living conditions so difficult that even the most hardened fighters sometimes succumbed.

The legendary figures of Kapetan Agras and Kapetan Nikiforos, flanked by certain local guides, came to be identified with the fighting in the sodden marshlands, and were given the central roles in Pinelopi Delta's well-known novel "The Secrets of the Swamp."



Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.