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Subjects in FocusThe Macedonian Struggle

The Macedonian Struggle

The Macedonian Struggle
The Macedonian Struggle in west Macedonia
The Macedonian Struggle on the marshes of Yannitsa
The Macedonian Struggle in east Macedonia
Thessaloniki in the Macedonian Struggle
The Committees of Athens
Participants in the Macedonian Struggle from other parts of Greece

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The armed band of Georgios Galanopoulos
Black-and-white photograph of the armed band of Georgios Galanopoulos, which was active in the area of Mount Athos, 1907-1908, Athens, National Historical Museum.




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The Macedonian Struggle


The armed band of Georgios Galanopoulos
1907-1908, Athens, National Historical Museum

The Bulgarian uprising of 1903 sounded the alarm in Athens, which realized -- albeit belatedly -- that merely having many schools was not the best way of balancing the dynamism of the Bulgarian committees.

The start of the Greek armed defensive can be attributed to the initiative of the metropolitan of Kastoria Yermanos Karavangelis, the diplomat Ion Dragoumis and the Macedonian Committee, an ostensibly private organization with substantial state backing, based in Athens.

The manning of the Greek bands with chieftains from Macedonia and volunteers from the Greek mainland and Crete led to a four-year undeclared and unconventional war between bands of troops. This war tipped the balance of power in favour of Greece, but at the same time provoked no end of European interventions.

The conflict formally ended with the coup of the Young Turks, officers in the Turkish army who forced the drafting of a constitution which was expected to improve the administration of the Empire and smooth the relations among its peoples.



Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.