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Subjects in FocusMacedonian Tombs

Macedonian Tombs

Definition of the 'Macedonian Tombs'
Origins and Evolution in the form of 'Macedonian Tombs'
Decoration of 'Macedonian Tombs'
Burial customs and grave goods
Topograghy of 'Macedonian Tombs'

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Sarcophagus and 'larnax' from the Tomb of Philip
The stone sarcophagus which contained a gold 'larnax' (ossuary chest) from the Tomb of Philip, third quarter of 4th century BC, Thessaloniki, Archaeological Museum.

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Decoration of 'Macedonian Tombs'

Sarcophagus and 'larnax' from the Tomb of Philip

'Macedonian tombs', being the final resting place of the dead, were richly decorated. Decorative friezes with plant motifs, friezes with hunting scenes, and metopes with warriors and judges of the Underworld adorned the Ionic or Doric facades of the tombs.

Often the interior walls were also decorated with painted chariot races, battle scenes, figures in lively animation, as well as plant motifs and still lifes.

Stone couches imitating wooden banquet seating, ornamented thrones, and marble sarcophagi with ossuary chests were placed in the chamber and antechamber.

In other instances, the walls had fitted 'offering tables', thrones and pedestals, while in family tombs there were special niches to contain the ashes of the dead.

Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.