In the course of five centuries of Ottoman occupation, countless religious and public buildings were erected in Thessaloniki. New mosques went up, such as the Alaca Imaret built in 1484 by Ishak Pasha, and the Hamza Bey Cami (the present day Alkazar), erected around 1468.
The Turks also built 'meskit' (small places of worship), 'medreshe' (religious schools), 'mekteb' (schools), 'turbe' (mausoleums) and 'tekke' (monasteries), such as the Mevlevihane Tekkesi. 'Imaret' (poor houses), aqueducts, fountains, markets and 'karavan-serai' (inns) were scattered throughout the better districts.
The cleanliness of the population was provided by public baths, such as the Bey Hammam, the city's first and largest Turkish bath, constructed by Murad II in 1444, the Pasha's Hamam and Yeni Hamam.