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Greek letters in the Modern period

Learning after the fall of Thessaloniki (1430)
Intellectual activity in the 17th century
Intellectual activity in the 18th century
Intellectual activity in the 19th century
Expatriate Macedonians and education (16th-19th century)
Greek-Macedonian Scholars (15th-19th century)
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The decline that marked the intellectual life of Thessaloniki as early as the first decades of the 15th century continued and became consolidated after the Ottomans captured the city in 1430. The same was true of the Macedonian hinterland; only Mount Athos retained something of its former eminence.

From the 17th and especially the 18th century, a significant revival could be observed, in which a decisive role was played by Greeks living abroad. Substantial change, however, was not to come until the middle of the 19th century, when the social, economic and political rise of the Greek community in combination with the emergence of intra-Balkan conflict and growing nationalism created conditions favorable to a rebirth of Greek education in Macedonia, which would be completed with the liberation of 1913.

See Also
History - Modern Macedonia
The period from 1430 to 1821
Demographic developments (1430-1821)
Foreign trade (1430-1821)
The period from 1821 to 1870
The period from 1908 to 1912
The Second Balkan War (1913)
Civilization - Literature in contemporary Macedonia

Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.