HistoryCivilizationTravellingIn FocusGallery
CivilizationCivilization in Modern periodLetters in the Modern periodGreek lettersIntellectual activity in the 19th century

Intellectual activity in the 19th century

Education in the 19th century
The scholars in the 19th century
The Press in the 19th century

Images on this page

Tsouflia School, Gevgeli
Black-and-white photograph showing the 'Tsouflia School' at Gevgeli, one of the many schools founded with funds donated by expatriate Greeks, communities,or wealthy individuals, 1850-1913, Athens, Gennadeios Library.

The Greek Girls'
School at Monastir
The Greek Girls' School at Monastir, one of the many educational institutions that functioned in Macedonia, circa. 1850-1912, Athens, Gennadeios Library.

The Greek School at Melenikos
The Greek School at Melenikos, c. 1850-1912, Athens, Gennadeios Library.

PreviousUpNext Education in the 19th century


Tsouflia School, Gevgeli
Gennadeios Library, 1850-1913


The Greek Girls'
School at Monastir

1850-1912


The Greek School at Melenikos
1850-1912

The revolution in Macedonia (1821-1830) interrupted the development of education, the level of which remained rather low up until the middle of the century. With the education reforms administered in the second half of the century, the method of mutual instruction was introduced and Greek schools spread rapidly; the first schools for girls appeared along with the first nursery schools.

Nevertheless, despite the revival of education, supported by the libraries of Macedonia (e.g. in Kozani) both in Thessaloniki and in the provinces, the number of students remained comparatively low, the standard of teaching unbalanced, while the funding of the schools depended first and foremost on local factors and private initiative.

A host of schools, institutes for girls, and teaching academies were founded after 1870, as a counterweight to Bulgarian nationalism. The armed Bulgarian activity at the turn of the century broke up this rhythm for it turned against Greek teachers and Greek schools.

See Also
History - The period from 1821 to 1870
The Greek Revolution (1821-1822)
Revolutionary movements (1830-1870)
The period from 1870 to 1913
The period from 1870 to 1897
The period from 1897 to 1903
The period from 1904 to 1908


Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.