It was in Italy, the main pole of attraction for intellectuals who chose the road of emigration after the Ottoman conquest, that the first efforts in education had their start. From 1513 to 1521, a Greek School for children from Greece operated in Rome with papal support.
In 1577 the College of Ayios Athanasios was founded (and is still in existence); despite its intense proselytizing character, this school educated a host of distinguished scholars, who in their way contributed to the enlightenment of the Greeks abroad.
In 1593, the Greek community in Vienna founded a short-lived Greek school. The most important schools intended to counter-balance the Papal College in Rome were to appear in the 17th century. These schools were founded by the Corfiot Th. Flanginis in Venice and the Verriot I. Kottounios in Padua.