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Late period of Ottoman rule (1700-1913)

Christian churches
The mansions
Public buildings

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Esphigmenou Monastery on Mount Athos
View of the katholikon of the monastery, built for the second time between 1806 and 1810 by the abbot Theodoritos on the site of the earlier church, 1010, Mount Athos, Esphigmenou Monastery.

The church of Agios Athanasios at Mikrolimni
Exterior view of the church of Agios Athanasios, 1908, Mikrolimni, Agios Athanasios.

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Esphigmenou Monastery on Mount Athos


The church of Agios Athanasios at Mikrolimni

In Macedonia, as in other regions, the predominant church type in the 18th century was the large, three-aisled basilica, which had a number of morphological features borrowed from urban and Islamic architecture.

The predominance of this type is due to a combination of factors, including: the need for large gatherings of the faithful, stemming from the rapidly increasing population; ease of construction, since this type did not require the same level of technical ability as domed structures; and reduced cost. A characteristic feature of these basilicas is the wooden or stone external portico, the 'hayati'.

From the middle of the 19th century this type of church was enriched with classical and eclectic morphological elements, and the external portico, which acquired greater volume became a structural element of the church. Bell-towers, which had been prohibited, began to be built in the 19th century, in the form of multi-storey towers.

See Also
History - Modern Macedonia
Administrative and social developments (1821-1870)
Civilization - Art in Antiquity
Architecture in Byzantium


Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.