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Sculpture, pottery and metalwork in Byzantium

Sculpture, metalwork and pottery (324-565)
Coinage and pottery (565-867)
Sculpture and metalwork (867-1204)
Sculpture, pottery and minor arts (1204-1430)

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Coin of Nikephoros I
Gold coin of the emperor Nikephoros I, 802-811, Athens, Numismatic Museum.

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Coin of Nikephoros I
802-811

Quite a lot of sculpture and pottery of the Byzantine era has survived in Macedonia. In Early Christian times both architectural sculptures (the usual decoration of basilicas) and pottery for domestic or funerary use were numerous.

In the following periods there was a decrease in the number of architectural sculptures, as a consequence of the prevalence of a new architectural type of church (cross-in-square with dome) from the 9th century. The scarcity of grave goods of all kinds was due to a change in burial habits, resulting from the transfer of the cemeteries to inside the cities after the Avar and Slav incursions of the late 6th and early 7th century.

Few examples of metalwork have survived from all periods. These objects were usually recycled, particularly when made of precious metals. Most date from Early Christian and Middle Byzantine times, periods of economic prosperity for the Empire.

See Also
History - Byzantine Macedonia
Civilization - Painting in Byzantium
Architecture in Byzantium


Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.