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CivilizationCivilization in ByzantiumArt in ByzantiumSculpture, pottery and metalwork in ByzantiumSculpture and metalwork (867-1204)

Sculpture and metalwork (867-1204)

Architectural sculpture
Funerary sculpture
Relief icons
Minor arts

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Ampulla for myrrh
Lead ampulla for myrrh showing Saint Demetrios and Saint Theodora, 13th century, Kavala, Archaeological Museum.

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Ampulla for myrrh
13th century

Metalwork from the Middle Byzantine period includes several bronze reliquary crosses (for fragments of wood from the Holy Cross or saintly relics) with engraved or embossed representations of holy figures, some bronze miniature icons with relief figures of saints, and the rare decorated bronze doors in the monasteries of the Great Lavra and Vatopedi on Mount Athos.

A special category of metal objects are the lead flasks for myrrh (aromatic oil) from the tombs of Saint Demetrios and Saint Theodora in Thessalonike. Represented on both sides of the flasks, which were given as talismans to pilgrims and soldiers, are pairs of saints (e.g. Demetrios and Theodora). The lead seals with which their owners ratified the authenticity of their documents, are precious historical sources.

See Also
History - Middle Byzantine period (867-1204)
Civilization - Metal objects (324-565)
Coinage and pottery (565-867)

Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.