The rich libraries of the Protaton and the twenty monasteries on Mount Athos house over 800 illuminated manuscripts. Of diverse provenance and spanning a period from the 9th to the 18th century, they provide a wonderful picture of this painting genre.
The illuminated manuscripts of the 9th to 12th centuries are few in number and most of them represent the art of Constantinople, since they originated from copyist scriptoria of that city. The psalters with full-page miniatures are an example (Psalter no. 61 in the Pantocrator Monastery).