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Letters in Antiquity

The other Greeks in Macedonia
The lost histories
The epigram

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Plaque with comic masks
Terracotta plaque from Amphipolis with comic masks in relief, early 3rd century BC, Kavala, Archaeological Museum.

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Plaque with comic masks
Amphipolis, early 3rd century BC

From very early on, the Macedonian court attracted leading intellectuals, as did the other Greek princely courts. From the end of the Archaic period already, lyric poets, such as Pindar and Melanippides, historians, such as Herodotos and Hellanikos, and doctors, such as Hippokrates, were frequent visitors at Aigai.

During the rule of Archelaos there also came artists, architects and tragic poets, such as Agathon and Euripides, who taught "Bacchae" and "Archelaos" at the Macedonian court. The 4th century BC also brought philosophers to Macedonia: Sokrates declined Archelaos' invitation, but Plato's student Euphraios taught philosophy to the Companions of Perdikkas.

Above all, Aristotle himself was Alexander III's tutor. Although the Macedonians' own increased proficiency in literature and the arts lessened the need to induce visiting foreigners, until the end of the monarchy in 168 BC, the Macedonian court never ceased to be host to some of the most illustrious intellectuals of the Greek world.

See Also
Travelling - Aigai (Vergina)
Ancient Pella


Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.