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Religion in Antiquity

Mother of the Gods
Eastern divinities

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Aphrodite Epitragia
Gilded silver medallion depicting Aphrodite Epitragia (riding a goat), mid-2nd century BC, Veroia, Archaeological Museum.

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Aphrodite Epitragia
Veroia, mid-2nd century BC

The conquering Macedonians, in addition to the gods they brought with them, adopted the gods of the peoples they found in the area and subjected, chief of which were the Brygoi (a branch of the Phrygians of Asia Minor).

The principal divinity of the pre-Hellenic peoples was a 'potnia theron' (mistress of animals), mother and virgin at the same time, whom the Macedonians identified with various Greek deities, such as Artemis, Demeter, Mother of the Gods, Ennodia, Parthenos, Pasikrata etc.

In the aftermath of the Roman conquest, as the Macedonian ruling class was wiped out there surfaced elements of the popular classes with pre-Hellenic traditions, whereupon evidence of the cult of this goddess under a variety of names and attributes multiplies: Artemis Gazoritis and Blouritis at Skydra, Artemis Digaia Blaganitis (goddess of the frogs) at Aigai, Mother of the Gods Autochthon at Leukopetra, Ma at Edessa and others.

See Also
Travelling - The sanctuary of the Mother of the Gods
Ancient Pella
Ancient Veroia

Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.