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Metal vessels in Antiquity
Jewellery in Antiquity
Weapons in Antiquity

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Bronze helmet
Bronze helmet from Lefkadia, Naousa, 5th century BC, Thessaloniki, Archaeological Museum.

Bronze greaves
Bronze greaves from Tomb A at Derveni, fourth quarter of 4th century BC, Thessaloniki, Archaeological Museum.

Iron sword
Iron sword from Veroia, 370-350 BC, Thessaloniki, Archaeological Museum.

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Bronze helmet
Lefkadia, 5th century BC

Bronze greaves
Derveni, fourth quarter of 4th century BC

As soon as metals and methods for processing them were discovered, men used them to fashion sturdy weapons both for defence and attack.

In Macedonia the abundance of raw materials and the advances in metalwork resulted in the making of metal weapons which stand out for their serviceability and the quality of their craftsmanship. Arrows, spears, swords, helmets, cuirasses, greaves, and shields were the usual equipment of the Macedonians. The weaponry of the ordinary warrior was of course not entirely made of metal, but will have had certain metal parts or elements.

The finds in the royal tombs of Vergina are unique not only in Macedonia but in the whole of Greece. These are the weapons of members of the royal family. They are made of precious metals and crafted with great sensitivity and skill. The most admirable among them are the gold-and-ivory shield, the iron cuirass with gold detail, the iron helmet and the gold incrustations of the 'gorytos' (quiver-and-bow case).

Iron sword
Veroia, 370-350 BC

See Also
In Focus - Macedonian Tombs
Origins and Evolution in the form of 'Macedonian Tombs'

Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.