Ivory work is a specialized branch of sculpture. It consists of small reliefs which adorned wooden couches. Examples of this art have been found in Macedonia in the royal tombs of Vergina. In Philip's tomb there was a group of small heads in relief, some of which may represent members of the royal family (Philip II, Alexander III, Olympias), while others represent members of the Dionysiac circle.
A unique find was the gold and ivory shield ornamented in the center with the interlaced figures of a young man (possibly Achilles) and woman (possibly an Amazon) in a frame of spirals, meanders and swastikas.
Another exceptional find is the composite relief from the ornament of the funerary couch of the Tomb of the Prince showing a bearded man with a wreathed wand and a young woman in front of whom a goat-legged Pan plays his reed pipe.
Vergina, 310-300 BC