Stele from Kassandra
Late 5th century BC
Few funeral and architectural reliefs have survived in Macedonia itself. Ionic and Cycladic influence is evident in grave stelai, which were perhaps made by craftsmen from those areas. The forceful Attic presence following the Persian Wars is attested by stelai made in local Macedonian workshops copying contemporary Attic work.
The Parthenon and post-Parthenon style (stele of Kassandra) coexisted with the vigorous Ionic and Cycladic art (stele of youth from Pella, stele of Nea Kallikrateia). The Attic and Ionic-Cycladic influence continued in the Hellenistic period, while peculiarities of the local ateliers of sculpture are evident (Vergina, Amphipolis).
In funeral reliefs and grave stelai of Roman times an effort was made, as declared on the inscriptions, to represent the personal characteristics of the dead, depicted among living persons. Furthermore, sarcophagi of the Attic type were ornamented with mythological depictions, containing closely placed figures in high relief.