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Architecture in Antiquity

Town-planning in Antiquity
Fortifications in Antiquity
Palaces and theatres in Antiquity
Public buildings in Antiquity
Sanctuaries in Antiquity
Houses in Antiquity
Graves in Antiquity

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Funerary mask with helmet
Gold funerary mask with bronze 'Illyrian' helmet from the cemetery of Sindos, circa 520 BC, Thessaloniki, Archaeological Museum.

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Funerary mask with helmet
Sindos, circa 520 BC

Pit graves dating back to prehistoric times have been found isolated or grouped under small man-made tumuli in Tsaousitsa, Kozani, Aiane, Thasos, and elsewhere.

In the cemeteries outside the walls of Macedonian cities, the tile-roofed grave was the most usual type found throughout antiquity. Middle and lower social classes also built cist graves whose interior was decorated with depictions, line drawings or garlands (Thessalonike, Beroia, Derveni, Sedes, Amphipolis, Pella).

All these types of grave were in use to late antiquity, while from the mid-4th to the mid-2nd century BC a different type of tomb, the 'Macedonian', was in use (Vergina, Aiane, Thessalonike, Lefkadia). Each of these tombs belonged to one family and was the last resting place of a restricted number of members of the ruling class (the royal family, and the king's Companions and Friends).

In the constantly extended burial grounds of the populous Roman cities during the imperial years the tomb with a brick arch was chiefly used. Finally, in the 2nd-3rd century AD wealthy families also used marble sarcophagi with relief depictions.

See Also
Travelling - Aiane
The prehistoric Cemetery at Aigai
The Great Tumulus at Aigai
The tombs north of the palace at Aigai
The Palatitsia tombs

Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.