HistoryCivilizationTravellingIn FocusGallery
CivilizationCivilization in AntiquityArt in AntiquityArchitecture in Antiquity

Architecture in Antiquity

Town-planning in Antiquity
Fortifications in Antiquity
Palaces and theatres in Antiquity
Public buildings in Antiquity
Sanctuaries in Antiquity
Houses in Antiquity
Graves in Antiquity

Images on this page

The walls of Amphipolis
The carefully built walls of Amphipolis, 437 - circa 250 BC, Amphipolis.

PreviousUpNext Fortifications in Antiquity

The walls of Amphipolis
437 - circa 250 BC

Although the powerful centralized authority of the Macedonian kings ensured peace within their dominions, all the cities of the kingdom were walled to withstand the frequent barbarian incursions. Making the best use of the terrain, they combined natural and man-made fortifications.

The cities with their 'acropoleis' (citadels) (e.g. Aigai, Thessalonike) were encircled by walls built of equal courses of stone slabs in straight lines surmounted by unbaked bricks or, more rarely, masonry, and reinforced at intervals with rectangular or round towers (Olynthos).

The number and position of the gates was determined by the disposition of the terrain and the road network (Philippi, Amphipolis), while ditches with embankments were used for the collection of rainwater (Dion).

In the Hellenistic and Roman periods, the evolution of siege techniques and the use of siege machinery led to a gradual change in the design of walls (Thessalonike), improved placing of the gates, and the reinforcement of towers.

See Also
Travelling - Aigai (Vergina)
Ancient Thessalonike
Ancient Philippi

Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.