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HistoryModern MacedoniaThe period from 1870 to 1913Political developments (1870-1913)

Political developments (1870-1913)

The period from 1870 to 1897
The period from 1897 to 1903
The period from 1904 to 1908
The period from 1908 to 1912
The Second Balkan War (1913)

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The Balkans after the First Balkan War
Map of the Balkan states after the Treaty of London 1913.

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Despite the promises made by the Young Turk Committee and the hopes for equal rights they raised in all those concerned, the new regime's aspirations soon shifted towards the creation of a new nationalistic Turkish state.

These hopes, which were essentially shattered by European intervention and the ambitions of the Balkan nations, not to mention the emerging Albanian nationalism, brought about a hastily formed anti-Turkish Balkan alliance, ratified in March 1912.


The Balkans after the First Balkan War
(1913)

The allies declared war against the Turks the following October. By the spring of 1913, the Greeks, Bulgarians, Serbs and Montenegrins had effectively brought the Turkish occupation of European soil to and end. The changes were recognized in the Treaty of London (17 May 1913).

However, Macedonia's future still hung in the balance. The lion's share of historical Macedonia was now under Greek control, but the Bulgarian army occupied northern and eastern Macedonia and the Serbs the north-western section.

See Also
History - The period from 1870 to 1897
The period from 1897 to 1903
The period from 1904 to 1908
The Second Balkan War (1913)
In Focus - The Macedonian Struggle


Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.