Despite the promises made by the Young Turk Committee and the hopes for equal rights they raised in all those concerned, the new regime's aspirations soon shifted towards the creation of a new nationalistic Turkish state.
These hopes, which were essentially shattered by European intervention and the ambitions of the Balkan nations, not to mention the emerging Albanian nationalism, brought about a hastily formed anti-Turkish Balkan alliance, ratified in March 1912.
The Balkans after the First Balkan War
The allies declared war against the Turks the following October. By the spring of 1913, the Greeks, Bulgarians, Serbs and Montenegrins had effectively brought the Turkish occupation of European soil to and end. The changes were recognized in the Treaty of London (17 May 1913).
However, Macedonia's future still hung in the balance. The lion's share of historical Macedonia was now under Greek control, but the Bulgarian army occupied northern and eastern Macedonia and the Serbs the north-western section.