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HistoryModern MacedoniaThe period from 1870 to 1913Political developments (1870-1913)

Political developments (1870-1913)

The period from 1870 to 1897
The period from 1897 to 1903
The period from 1904 to 1908
The period from 1908 to 1912
The Second Balkan War (1913)

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Gregory VI
Black-and-white photograph of Gregory VI, Patriarch of Constantinople, during whose period of office the Bulgarian Exarchate was created, 1850-1880, Athens, Gennadeios Library.

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Gregory VI
Gennadeios Library, 1850-1880

Within the context of military conflicts in the Balkans, the founding of the Bulgarian Exarchate (1870) and its subsequent split with the Ecumenical Patriarchate (1872) marked the start of Bulgarian claims on Macedonia. These claims initially expressed themselves in the form of religious proselytizing designed to wean the rural population away from the Greek Orthodox Patriarchate.

The Greek response was automatic and took the form of a widespread and, to a significant degree, successful education campaign.

With the founding of the autonomous principality of Bulgaria (1878) and the failure of the Greek uprising of that year, Bulgarian aspirations intensified and at the start of the 1890s led to the merging of two Bulgarian revolutionary committees. Despite their different approaches, their common aim was to broaden support for Bulgaria in Macedonia with more forceful means.

In 1895, for the first time, Bulgarian guerrilla groups became actively engaged in speeding up the induction of Macedonian villages into the camp of the Bulgarian Exarchate.

See Also
History - The period from 1897 to 1903
The period from 1904 to 1908
The period from 1908 to 1912
The Second Balkan War (1913)
In Focus - The Macedonian Struggle


Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.