HistoryCivilizationTravellingIn FocusGallery
HistoryByzantine MacedoniaMiddle Byzantine period (867-1204)

Middle Byzantine period (867-1204)

The Church
Byzantine-Bulgarian confrontation
Town and country
The monastic state of Mount Athos

Images on this page

The adulation of the Virgin
Mosaic portraying Joachim and Anna caressing the young Virgin they hold between them, 1315-1320, inner narthex of Chora Monastery, Istanbul.

PreviousUpNext The Church (867-1204)

The adulation of the Virgin
Istanbul, inner narthex of Chora Monastery, 1315-1320 AD

Widespread missionary activity (Slavs, Huns, Russ (Russians)) and the subjection of the Church of Bulgaria to the Patriarchate of Constantinople bestowed great prominence on the Church of Macedonia, which now enjoyed considerable power despite its metropolitan areas being constantly split up.

Though the archbishop of Thessalonike had lost the privileges he had previously possessed as Exarch of the Church of Rome (565-732), he had not forfeited his prestige and retained his wide jurisdiction over central Macedonia. The organisation of monasticism on Mount Athos and its continuously growing intellectual and spiritual importance, coupled with the creation of the archbishopric of Orchid and All Bulgaria, served only to strengthen the spiritual and intellectual influence of Thessalonike even beyond the borders of the Empire.

Nevertheless, from the 12th century on the advent of old and new enemies (Bulgarians, Petsenegs, Normans, Venetians, Paduans and Genovese) and the expansion of the Turks in Asia Minor made it necessary to reinforce the politically, intellectually and spiritually important region of Macedonia, which was experiencing troubles of various sorts.

See Also
History - Christianity (324-565)
The Church (565-867)
The monastic state of Mount Athos
The Church (1204-1430)
Civilization - Civilization in Byzantium
In Focus - Every day life in Byzantium

Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.