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HistoryAncient MacedoniaThe Antigonids

The Antigonids

The dynasty of the Antigonids
Antigonos Gonatas
Demetrios II and Antigonos Doson
Philip V and Perseus

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The Macedonian phalanx
Reconstruction drawing of the Macedonian phalanx, a basic factor in the military achievements of the Macedonian army.

PreviousUpNext Antigonos Gonatas

The dynasty founded by Antigonos Monophthalmos began in essence with his grandson Antigonos Gonatas.

After the destructive Gaulish incursions of 279-276 BC, Antigonos Gonatas used the occasion of his victory over the Gauls near Lysimacheia, Thrace to be proclaimed king of Macedonia. His goal was the economic recovery and population growth of the Macedonian kingdom, and the securing of its possessions in southern Greece (Demetrias, Chalkis, Corinth, possibly also Piraeus).

The Macedonian phalanx
Reconstruction drawing

Having countered Pyrrhos, the king of Epirus, he defeated the allied forces of Athens, Sparta, several Peloponnesian states and Ptolemy II, the king of Egypt (Chremonidean War, 267-261 BC). Antigonos seized the naval supremacy of the Aegean from the Ptolemies thanks to his naval victories at Andros and Kos.

He was not able, however, to prevent the Achaian League from reinforcing its positions and annexing Corinth and its strategically important acropolis (Acrocorinth). Antigonos Gonatas died one or two years later (240 or 239 BC) without having succeeded in recapturing it.

See Also
History - Table of the Hellenistic kings
The institutions of the Hellenistic period
The economy of the Hellenistic period
Civilization - The royal mint

Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.