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HistoryAncient MacedoniaPhilip II

Philip II

Securing the kingdom
Supremacy in northern Greece
Supremacy in the Haimos Peninsula
Plans for the East
The reorganization of Macedonia

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Coin of Patraos
Silver coin of the Paionian king Patraos II, second half of 4th century BC, Athens, Numismatic Museum.

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Coin of Patraos
Second half of 4th century BC

Upon his accession to the Macedonian throne in 360 BC, Philip had to contend with numerous enemies, both without and within his kingdom.

After dispatching the five other pretenders to the throne -- in particular Argaios who enjoyed the support of the Athenians -- Philip crushed the Paiones and then the Illyrians, thus definitively establishing Upper (present-day Western) Macedonia as a province of his kingdom. An alliance with the Aleuadai of Larisa and approaches made to the Molossians, who occupied part of Orestis, resulted in the formation of a single cohesive Macedonian state whose western borders reached to the Pindos range and Lake Lychnitis (present-day Ochrid).

Meanwhile the capture of Poteidaia, Pydna and Methone -- cities which were allied to Athens -- and Philip's victory over his opponents' alliance extended the eastern borders of his kingdom to the Strymon. Upon the re-establishment of the city of Philippi (ancient Krenides) both the gold and silver mines of Mount Pangaion and forests with shipbuilding timber stretching to the Nestos passed into his possession.

See Also
History - The reorganization of Macedonia
Civilization - Civilization in Antiquity
Travelling - Ancient Philippi

Macedonian Heritage
Content courtesy Ekdotike Athenon S.A.