Cyril and Methodius
Cyril and Methodius, the Byzantine brothers from Thessaloniki, the Apostles to the Slavs, are the major symbols of Byzantine and Christian cultural influence into the Slavic hinterland of the Balkans and beyond. They and their disciples bridged two different worlds and contributed to the making of an extensive Christian border culture between the Medieval Greek and the ancient Slavic traditions.
MYTHS NOT HISTORY
A German University Professor comments on
the language of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
(from the Macedonian News Agency)
An interesting letter written by Professor Peter Ryder from Munich on the subject of the so-called "Macedonian language" appeared on the "Letters to the Editor" page of the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung. Dr Ryder advances four arguments on the subject of the development of the so-called "Macedonian language".
- It is not "the Macedonians" who see themselves as the descendants of Alexander the Great, but only a voluble nationalistic right-wing fringe group, which is not represented in the government.
- The modern "Macedonian language" has not changed since 1945, when it was established as official. It has a history that dates from the second half of the 19th century.
- It is correct that the golden age of Bulgarian literature is rooted in the 10th century in the then western Bulgarian province of Ochrid, and was established by Clement, Naoum and others, long after the death of Cyril and Methodios. Even more decisive, however, was its further evolution in eastern Bulgaria, centred on Preslav.
- The script invented by the two Greek brothers Cyril and Methodios, the "apostles to the Slavs", was the glagolitic script, which was based on the Greek alphabet, and not the Cyrillic script, which was derived from the Greek uncial script (capital letters) of Constantinople, with some borrowings from the glagolitic, probably about one generation later.
If, however, these mediaeval clerics and writers and their spiritual centre of Ochrid have been impropriated by certain "Macedonians" (in the current sense), then that is simply an unfounded creation of myths in the service of the promotion of an ethnic identity.
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