For the Greek Macedonians, the struggle to neutralise Bulgarian influence in their homeland during the first decade of the 20th century is an event both symbolic and meaningful. It is their 1821, their own popular, epic struggle full of sacrifice and heroism; a chapter in Greek history all their own.
This living connection cannot be explained simply by the relatively short period of time only three generations that has passed since those events. The Struggle for Macedonia was a complex process, which extends far beyond its conventional chronological limits (1903-1908). It stemmed not only from the Bulgarian religious and national liberation movement and the efforts to secure the largest possible Bulgarian state, but also from the modernisation of the Ottoman Empire.